Tobacco Monopoly Monument
The Tobacco Monopoly Monument was a landmark constructed at the foot of the Marcos Bridge, over the Laoag River, which commemorates the lifting of tobacco monopoly in the Philippines in accordance to the royal decree of June 5, 1881 of King Alfonso XIII in 1881. It was built in gratitude for the said King whom without his order, will not end the agonies of the Ilocanos who are forced to plant tobacco. The tobacco monopoly was established in 1782 by Governor Jose Basco y Vargas by virtue of the royal decree of February 9, 1780. It aimed to bring in large profits for the government and make the Philippines the leading tobacco producer of the world. Although it was abolished during the incumbency of Governor Fernando Primo de Rivera in 1881, tobacco remains to be a major cash crop in the province.
- National Historical Institute. Historical Markers: Regions I-IV and CAR. Manila: National Historical Institute, 1993.
- “Facts About Ilocos Norte.” Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Regional Office No. I. http://r1.denr.gov.ph/inorte.htm (accessed on July 24, 2007).