Timeline of Philippine history
From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
|History of the Philippines|
This is a timeline of Philippine history.
- 400,000 BC - People belonging to the species Homo Erectus were the first to set foot on the Philippines
- 50,000 BC - The Tabon Man made Stone tools in the Tabon Cave in Palawan
- 40,000 BC -Negritos started to settle
- 4500-300 BC -Multiple Austronesian migrations from Taiwan
- c.3000 BC - Presumed date of the Angono Petroglyphs
- 900 AD - People from Southern Annam called Orang Dampuan established trade zones in Sulu
- 900 AD - Established settlements were already present in and around Manila as seen in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription
- 1240 AD - Tuan Mash`ika ,a Muslim traveled and introduced Islam to Sulu
- 1300s AD - Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo script|Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts
- 1380 AD - Karim ul-Makhdum arrived at Sulu and built a Mosque
- 1433 AD - The legendary Datu Kalantiaw publishes a legal code
- 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan lands in the Philippines, claiming the islands for Spain
- 1543 - Ruy López de Villalobos names the islands Las Islas Filipinas
- 1565 - Miguel López de Legazpi establishes the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country
- 1570 - Manila is conquered and made a Spanish city
- 1590 - Missionaries from the Society of Jesus establish the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros.
- 1595 - University of San Carlos founded as Colegio de San Ildefonso
- c.1600 - Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-Ang
- 1611 - University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas).
- 1621 - The Colegio de Manila is made the Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV.
- 1623 - The Universidad de San Ignacio is made a royal university by Philip IV of Spain.
- 1645 - The Colegio de Santo Tomas becomes the University of Santo Tomas after a bull by Pope Innocent X.
- 1647 - Dutch Republic|Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
- 1762 - British East India Company seizes Manila
- 1763 - Treaty of Paris (1763)|Treaty of Paris returns Manila to Spain
- 1763 - Deaths of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt, and her husband Diego
- 1768 - Following the Suppression of the Jesuits, the members of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines are expelled. They surrender their properties to Spanish civil authorities.
- 1788 - Birth of the writer Francisco Balagtas
- 1821 - The Philippines becomes a Provinces of Spain|province of Spain.
- 1837 - Manila is made an open port.
- 1838 - Florante at Laura is published.
- 1859 - The Jesuits return to the Philippines. They are asked to take over the Escuela Municipal in Intramuros, which is now the Ateneo de Manila University.
- 1872 - 200 Filipino soldiers stage a mutiny in Cavite.
- 1873 - Priests Mariano Gomez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.
- 1887 - Noli Me Tangere published.
- 1891 - El Filibusterismo published.
- 1892 - Andres Bonifacio establishes the Katipunan.
- 1896 - José Rizal is executed.
- 1898 - Emilio Aguinaldo declares independence
- 1898 - Treaty of Paris transfers control of the Philippines from Spain to the United States ending the existence of the Spanish East Indies.
- 1898 - Philippine-American War Conflict erupts between Filipino Revolutionists and American Forces.
- 1902 - Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine-American War, however fighting continues.
- 1904 - University of San Agustin in Iloilo was established.
- 1907 - The First Philippine Assembly is convened.
- 1908 - The University of the Philippines was established in Manila.
- 1911 - De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the Brothers of Christian Schools.
- 1913 - Conflict in the country subsides.
- 1916 - The Jones Law is passed establishing a purely Filipino legislature
- 1916 - The Philippine Assembly becomes the House of Representatives and a Senate is established
- 1918 - The Philippines joins the First World War, sending 25,000 Filipino troops (and additional 6,000 in the U.S. Navy) to Europe fighting for the United States
- 1934 - The Philippine Independence Act is approved
- 1935 - Commonwealth of the Philippines is established
- 1935 - Manuel L. Quezon is elected president
- 1941 - President Quezon re-elected
- 1941 - Japan invades and occupies the Philippines in World War II
- 1943 - Jose P. Laurel appointed president by Japanese Imperial Army
- 1944 - United States retakes the Philippines from Japan
- 1945 -The Philippines along with 49 Allied countries signed the United Nations charter.
- 1946 - Manuel Roxas elected president
- 1946 - United States grants full independence to the Philippines
- 1948 - President Roxas dies; Elpidio Quirino becomes president
- 1949 - Elpidio Quirino re-elected as president
- 1950 - The Philippines joins the Korean War, sending over 7,000 troops under the United Nations command.
- 1953 - Ramon Magsaysay elected president
- 1954 - Manila Pact, also known as the South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), forms alliance of Philippines, the United States, the United Kingdom, Pakistan, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand and France.
- 1957 - Ramon Magsaysay dies in plane crash
- 1961 - Diosdado Macapagal elected president
- 1961 - Independence Day is changed to June 12 by Diosdado Macapagal
- 1965 - Ferdinand E. Marcos elected president
- 1969 - Ferdinand E. Marcos is re-elected to a second full term, the first to ever do so
- 1970 - First Quarter Storm began in January
- 1972 - President Marcos delares martial law
- 1978 - First formal elections since 1969 for the Interim Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly)
- 1978 - Ferdinand E. Marcos becomes interim Prime Minister
- 1981 - Martial law lifted
- 1981 - Ferdinand E. Marcos is re-elected to a third term
- 1981 - Finance Minister Cesar Virata is elected Prime Minister by the Batasang Pambansa
- 1983 - Benigno Aquino, Jr. assassinated
- 1986 - Ferdinand E. Marcos is re-elected in allegedly fraudulent "snap" election
- 1986 - EDSA Revolution ousts President Marcos; Corazon Aquino becomes president
- 1991 - Senate rejects renewal of U.S military bases in the Philippines
- 1992 - Philippine general election, 1992 (Fidel V. Ramos is elected)
- 1997 - Asian financial crisis
- 1998 - Philippine general election, 1998 (Joseph Estrada is elected)
- 2000 - President Estrada impeached by House of Representatives
- 2001 - EDSA II Revolution ousts Joseph Estrada; Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo becomes president
- 2003 - 2003 Oakwood mutiny
- 2004 - Philippine general election, 2004 (Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is re-elected)
- 2005 - Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned)
- 2006 - A state of emergency was declared in February in response to coup rumours.