Timeline of Philippine-American War

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Contents

1898

May

June

July

August

  • August 14 - U.S. sends 10,000 troops to occupy the Philippines

September

  • - Philippine assembly ratifies Malolos constitution, establishing Philippine Republic as an independent state

October

  • October 28 - McKinley cables new instructions to Paris delegation: "the cession must be of the whole archipelago or none"

December

  • December 10 - Final Treaty of Paris signed by Spain and U.S; U.S. pays Spain US$20 million for possession of Guam, Puerto Rico and The Philippines.

1899

January

  • January 23- pinasinayaan ang Unang Republika ng Pilipinas

February

  • February 4-5 - First and largest battle of the Philippine-American War: Battle of Manila; Americans drive Filipino army out of Manila

March

  • March 31 - American forces captures Malolos, capital of the Philippine Republic on Luzon, driving out Aguinaldo and his government

April

  • April 11, 1899 - Battle of Pagsanjan - American sharpshooters skirmish with Filipinos outside of Pagsanjan, succeeding in driving them out. General Lawton's troops take Pagsanjan in the second action of the Laguna Campaign.
  • April 12, 1899 - Battle of Paete - General Lawton's forces disperse Filipinos blocking rout to Paete in stiff fight. Paete taken by the Americans. Last action of the Laguna Campaign.

June

  • June 13 - Battle of Zapote Bridge - On Luzon, Lawton's American forces rout a larger Philippine force under General Maximo Hizon, and inflict heavy casualties on the enemy in 2nd largest battle of the Philippine-American War.

November

December

  • December 2 - Battle of Tirad Pass - On Luzon, 60 Filipino patriots under General del Pilar fight off an attack of 500 U.S. Infantry for 5 hours, before nearly all Filipinos are killed, including del Pilar.

1900

April

  • April 15 - Siege of Catubig - Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack against a detachment of American soldiers, and, after a four-day siege, force them to evacuate the town of Catubig on Samar.

May

June

  • - General Arthur MacArthur, Jr. proclaims 90 day amnesty and offers 30 pesos per rifle. The amnesty pledges "complete immunity for the past and liberty for the future." The results of the amnesty were disappointing. It is suspected that many of the natives surrendering were opportunists collecting bounty for obsolete weapons.[1]
  • June 4 - Battle of Macahambus - On Macahambus Gorge in Cagayan de Misamis, Northern Mindanao (present day Cagayan de Oro), Filipinos rout an Americans regiment and inflict heavy casualties, but take less than 5 casualties of their own.

September

November

1901

March

  • - Lonoy Massacre - In a reverse ambush, U.S. Infantryman launch a surprise attack on Bohol natives and kill over 400.

May

September

December

1902

January

February

March

  • March 2 - Court-martial of U.S. Marine Major Littleton Waller begins for the January execution of 11 mutinous porters on Samar. Court votes 11-2 for acquittal

April

  • Philippine General Miguel Malvar surrenders in Luzon, followed by 3,000 of his men. Last Filipine general to surrender in the war.

May

  • Court-martial of U.S. General Jacob H. Smith for ordering killing of all males over 10 years of age on Samar; convicted; verbally admonished; sent back to U.S; retired from service.

June

July

1903

  • guerrilla war continues

1904

  • guerrilla war continues

1906

  • guerrilla war continues
  • March 5-March 7 - Battle of Bud Dajo - One-thousand Moros fortify themselves in an extinct volcanic crater on Mindanao and battle a large number of American soldiers, before virtually all Moros Scouts killed.

1907-1912

  • guerrilla war continues

1913

  • United States promises eventual Philippine independence.
  • Philippine-American War ends.

Footnotes

  1. ^  Miller, Stuart Creighton (1982). "Benevolent Assimilation" The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02697-8.  p. 161
  2. ^  Miller, p. 207-211; See J. Franklin Bell, War crimes

Original Source

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