Shariff Kabunsuan

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For the person after which the former province was named, see Mohammed Kabungsuwan.
Shariff Kabunsuan
Former Province of Philippines
Flag of the Philippines.png
2006 – 2008 Flag of the Philippines.png

Coat of arms of Shariff Kabunsuan <p> Coat of arms

Location of Shariff Kabunsuan
Capital Datu Odin Sinsuat
Government Province
Governor
 - 2006-2008 Datu Bimbo Sinsuat
History
 - established under Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 201 October 28
 - nullified by the Philippine Supreme Court July 17

Shariff Kabunsuan was a province of the Philippines within the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) that existed from 2006 to 2008. The law establishing the province was nullified by the Philippine Supreme Court in 2008.

Contents

History

Shariff Kabunsuan was established under Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 201 which provided for the creation of the new province comprising the municipalities of Barira, Buldon, Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Matanog, Parang, Sultan Kudarat, Sultan Mastura, and Upi, all of the first legislative district of the mother province of Maguindanao. On October 29, 2006, the creation of the new province of Shariff Kabunsuan was ratified by the affirmative majority (285,372) votes cast in a plebiscite. Only 8,802 voted for its rejection. A new municipality within the province, Northern Kabuntalan, was subsequently established after its creation was ratified by the affirmative majority votes cast in a plebiscite

The law establishing Shariff Kabunsuan was enacted by the Regional Assembly for the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, the first such province established by that local body, which had been so empowered under Republic Act No. 9054 or the Expanded ARMM law. Shariff Kabunsuan was the first province since Philippine independence which was not established through an Act of Congress.

At the time of its creation, Shariff Kabunsuan was the Philippines' 80th province and the sixth in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The province was named after Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan, an Arab-Malay Islamic preacher who introduced Islam to central Mindanao in the 16th century.

Cotabato City, which is independently governed and does not vote for provincial officials, belongs to neither Maguindanao nor Shariff Kabunsuan. However, for the purposes of congressional representation the said city was grouped with Shariff Kabunsuan, as per Section 5 of MMA Act No. 201.

Nullification

On July 17, 2008, the Supreme Court, in Sema v. Comelec declared the creation of the province of Shariff Kabunsuan void and ruled that the power of ARMM’s legislature to create provinces and cities is unconstitutional. <ref>ABS-CBN News Online (Beta)</ref> The Supreme Court in particular held that only the national Congress was empowered to create provinces and cities because the creation of such necessarily included the power to create legislative districts, which explicitly under the Philippine Constitution was within the sole prerogative of Congress to establish. Consequently, the Court also declared unconstitutional the power of the Regional Assembly to create provinces and cities within the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.<ref>abs-cbnnews.com, Supreme Court voids creation of Shariff Kabunsuan</ref>

Despite a motion for reconsideration filed by ARMM officials, the Supreme Court reaffirmed its ruling in January 2009, thereby rendering its decision as final. <ref>Edwin O. Fernandez. "SC rules Shariff Kabunsuan is no more", Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2009-01-11. Retrieved on 2009-01-15. </ref>

Political divisions

Shariff Kabunsuan was composed of 11 municipalities in two Sanggunian districts:

First District

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(2000)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Barira
14
<center>18,296 <center>380.0 <center>48.1
Buldon <center>15 <center>26,903 <center>357.20 <center>75.3
Matanog <center>  8 <center>19,006 <center>53.39 <center>356.0
Parang <center>23 <center>102,602 <center>234.59 <center>
Sultan Mastura <center>13 <center>15,910 <center>114.36 <center>139.1
Sultan Kudarat (Nuling) <center>39 <center>78,951 <center>611.51

Second District

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(2000)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Datu Blah T. Sinsuat <center>12 <center>12,916
Datu Odin Sinsuat (Dinaig) <center>34 <center>71,569 <center>503.20 <center>142.2
Kabuntalan (Tumbao) <center>17 <center>13,464 <center>219.34 <center>
Northern Kabuntalan <center>11 <center>  9,673 <center> <center>
Upi <center>23 <center>38,225 <center>896.10

See also

References

References

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ceb:Shariff Kabunsuan (kanhing lalawigan) de:Shariff Kabunsuan eo:Ŝarif-Kabunsuano fr:Shariff Kabunsuan id:Shariff Kabunsuan it:Shariff Kabunsuan pam:Shariff Kabunsuan mk:Шариф Кабунсуан nl:Shariff Kabunsuan ja:シャリフ・カブンスアン州 sv:Shariff Kabunsuan tl:Shariff Kabunsuan

war:Shariff Kabunsuan