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The Schurman Commission also known as the First Philippine Commission was the legislature of the Philippines, then known as the Philippine Islands under the sovereign control of the United States during the Philippine-American War. It was established by United States President William Mckinley on January 30, 1899.
On January 20, 1899, President McKinley appointed the First Philippine Commission (the Schurman Commission), a five-person group headed by Dr. Jacob Schurman, president of Cornell University, to investigate conditions in the islands and make recommendations. In the report that they issued to the president the following year, the commissioners acknowledged Filipino aspirations for independence; they declared, however, that the Philippines was not ready for it. Specific recommendations included the establishment of civilian government as rapidly as possible (the American chief executive in the islands at that time was the military governor), including establishment of a bicameral legislature, autonomous governments on the provincial and municipal levels, and a system of free public elementary schools.<ref name=LoC>Philippines: United States Rule. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved on 2007-07-04.</ref>
- Sessions: March 4, 1899 – March 16, 1900
|Member||Party||Term Start||Term End|
|Charles H. Denby||R||1899||1900|
|Elwell S. Otis||R||1899||1900|
|Jacob G. Schurman||R||1899||1900|
|Dean C. Worcester||R||1899||1900|
- List of Senators. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- The LAWPHi'L Project - Philippine Laws and Jurispudance Databank. Arellano Law Foundation. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
- Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
- The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines.ISBN 971-8832-24-6.
- Pobre, Cesar P.. Philippine Legislature 100 Years.ISBN 971-92245-0-9.