Proclamation No. 1081
Proclamation No. 1081, commonly known as the Declaration of Martial Law, was promulgated by President Ferdinand E. Marcos on 21 September 1972. The proclamation placed the entire country under his authoritarian regime. It was announced throughout the country two days after it was signed.
Under the pretext of a foiled assassination plot against his Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and an ensuing Communist insurgency, Marcos enforced military rule in the country. He changed the Constitution of the Philippines in the subsequent year, making himself both head of state as president and head of government as prime minister. His political party --Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) -- was given control of the Batasang Pambansa, the unicameral legislative branch of government. All these allowed Marcos to remain in power.
The proclamation was actually signed on September 17, but was postdated four days later on September 21 because of Marcos's belief in numerology. Marcos formally announced the proclamation two days after, on 23 September 1972, on live national television broadcast.
Martial law was lifted by Marcos on 17 January 1981.
- Full Text of Proclamation 1081 in Filipiniana.net. Accessed on January 7, 2008.
- To learn more about the Philippine legal system, visit the Philippine Legal Database of Filipiniana.net Digital Library.