Philippine Court of Appeals

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The Philippine Court of Appeals (Filipino: Hukumang Paghahabol ng Pilipinas) is the country's second highest judicial court, just after the Supreme Court. The court consists of 68 Associate Justices and 1 Presiding Justice. Pursuant to the Constitution, the Court of Appeals "reviews not only the decisions and orders of the Regional Trial Courts nationwide but also those of the Court of Tax Appeals, as well as the awards, judgments, final orders or resolutions of, or authorized by 21 Quasi-Judicial Agencies exercising quasi-judicial functions mentioned in Rule 43 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, plus the National Amnesty Commission (Pres. Proclamation No. 347 of 1994) and Office of the Ombudsman (Fabian v. Desierto, 295 SCRA 470). Added to the formidable list are the decisions and resolutions of the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) which are now initially reviewable by this court, instead of a direct recourse to the Supreme Court, via petition for certiorari under Rule 65 (St. Martin Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 414)". The Court of Appeals building is located at Maria Orosa Street, Ermita in Manila.

Contents

History

Organized on February 1, 1936, the Court of Appeals was initially composed of a Presiding Judge and 10 Appellate Judges appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly.

It had exclusive appellate jurisdiction of all cases not falling under the original and exclusive appellate jurisdiction of the 7-man Supreme Court. Its decisions in those cases were final, except when the Supreme Court upon petition for certiorari on questions of law required that the case be certified to it for review. It had also original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, injunction, certiorari, habeas corpus and all other auxiliary writs in aid of its appellate jurisdiction. The Court then sat either en banc or in two divisions, one of 6 and another of 5 Judges. The appellate Judges had the same qualifications as those provided by the Constitution for Supreme Court Justices.

In March 1938, the appellate Judges were named Justices and their number increased from 11 to 15, with three divisions of 5 under Commonwealth Act No. 259. On December 24, 1941, the membership of the Court was further increased to 19 Justices under Executive Order No. 395.

The Court functioned during the Japanese occupation, 1941-44. But in March 1945, due to abnormal conditions at the time, the Court was abolished by President Sergio Osmeña through Executive Order No. 37. The end of World War II restored the democratic processes in the country. On October 4, 1946, Republic Act No. 52 was passed recreating the Court with a Presiding Justice and fourteen (14) Associate Justices. They composed 5 divisions of 3 Justices each.

On August 23, 1956, the Court membership was expanded to 18 Justices per Republic Act No. 1605. The number was hiked to 24 Justices as decreed by Republic Act No. 5204 approved on June 15, 1968. Ten years later, the unabated swelling of its dockets called for a much bigger Court of 45 Justices under Presidential Decree No. 1482 of June 10, 1978. Then came the Judiciary Reorganization on January 17, 1983 through Executive Order No. 864 of President Marcos. The Court was renamed Intermediate Appellate Court and its membership enlarged to 51 Justices. However, only thirty-seven (37) Justices were appointed.

On July 28, 1986, President Aquino issued Executive Order No.33 restoring the original name of the Court of Appeals with a Presiding Justice and fifty (50) Associate Justices.

On February 23, 1995, R.A. No. 7902 was passed expanding the jurisdiction of the Court effective March 18, 1995. On December 30, 1996, R.A. No. 8246 created six (6) more divisions in the Court, thereby increasing its membership from 51 to 69 Justices. However, these additional divisions - 3 for Visayas and 3 for Mindanao -remain unfunded and unorganized.

List of current Court of Appeals justices

Name Position
Ruben Reyes Presiding Justice
Conrado Vasquez, Jr. Associate Justice
Portia Aliño Hormachuelos Associate Justice
Roberto A. Barrios Associate Justice
Marina L. Buzon Associate Justice
Rodrigo V. Cosico Associate Justice
Martin S. Villarama, Jr. Associate Justice
Renato C. Dacudao Associate Justice
Andres B. Reyes, Jr. Associate Justice
Remedios Salazar Fernando Associate Justice
Elvi John S. Asuncion Associate Justice
Jose L. Sabio, Jr. Associate Justice
Edgardo P. Cruz Associate Justice
Bienvenido L. Reyes Associate Justice
Eliezer R. De Los Santos Associate Justice
Josefina Guevara Salonga Associate Justice
Rebecca De Guia Salvador Associate Justice
Juan Q. Enriquez, Jr. Associate Justice
Mariano C. Del Castillo Associate Justice
Amelita G. Tolentino Associate Justice
Mario L. Guariña III Associate Justice
Regalado E. Maambong Associate Justice
Edgardo F. Sundiam Associate Justice
Lucas P. Bersamin Associate Justice
Rosmari D. Carandang Associate Justice
Hakim S. Abdulwahid Associate Justice
Noel G. Tijam Associate Justice
Arsenio J. Magpale Associate Justice
Jose C. Mendoza Associate Justice
Rosalinda Asuncion Vicente Associate Justice
Jose C. Reyes, Jr. Associate Justice
Fernanda Lampas Peralta Associate Justice
Aurora Santiago Lagman Associate Justice
Vicente Q. Roxas Associate Justice
Magdangal M. De Leon Associate Justice
Vicente S. E. Veloso Associate Justice
Isaias P. Dicdican Associate Justice
Santiago Javier Ranada Associate Justice
Arcangelita Romilla Lontok Associate Justice
Lucenito N. Tagle Associate Justice
Japar B. Dimaampao Associate Justice
Celia C. Librea- Leagogo Associate Justice
Monina Arevalo Zenarosa Associate Justice
Pampio A. Abarintos Associate Justice
Estela M. Perlas- Bernabe Associate Justice
Mariflor Punzalan Castillo Associate Justice
Teresita Dy-Liacco Flores Associate Justice
Arturo G. Tayag Associate Justice
Sesinando E. Villon Associate Justice
Ramon M. Bato, Jr. Associate Justice
Romulo V. Borja Associate Justice
Edgardo A. Camello Associate Justice
Rodrigo F. Lim, Jr. Associate Justice
Enrico A. Lanzanas Associate Justice
Myrna Dimaranan-Vidal Associate Justice
Normandie B. Pizarro Associate Justice
Apolinario D. Bruselas, Jr. Associate Justice
Ramon R. Garcia Associate Justice
Ricardo R. Rosario Associate Justice
Marlene Gonzales Sison Associate Justice
Romeo F. Barza Associate Justice
Agustin S. Dizon Associate Justice
Sixto Marella, Jr. Associate Justice
Antonio L. Villamor Associate Justice
Priscilla Baltazar Padilla Associate Justice
Mario V. Lopez Associate Justice
(Vacant) Associate Justice
(Vacant) Associate Justice
(Vacant) Associate Justice

See also

External links

References


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