|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Mayor|| cityhood =
areakm2 = 490.50
|Total (2000)|| 154,297|
Ormoc City is a 1st class city in the province of Leyte, Philippines. The city got its name from ogmok, an old Visayan term for lowland or depressed plain. It is the first non-provincial city of the Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 154,297 people in 31,542 households.
Ormoc City is an independent component city, not subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Leyte. However, the city is part of the congressional district IV of Leyte together with Albuera, Kananga, Merida, and Isabel towns.
In November 1991, the Ormoc region was inundated by Tropical Storm Thelma (local name: Uring). Flash floods and landslides killed approximately 5,000 people, mostly in Ormoc itself.
- The Leyte Mountain Trail treking area starts at Lake Danao and goes to the Mahagnao Volcano Natural Park—a distance of 40 km.
- Rainforest tour lakes (Mahagnao, Malagsum, Casudsu-Ran and Danao), the Guinaban falls, forests, plains and views of the island of Samar from the central Amandiwing mountain range, the profusion of tropical flora and fauna, including colourful insects, butterflies, deer, wildboar, monkeys, birds, orchids and giant fern.
- Lake Danao is a violin shaped lake 3 km long at an elevation of 2,100 feet (640 m) above sea level. The lake is said to house a giant eel. Boats are available for hire. There is a floating restaurant.
- Tongonan Hotsprings National Park is a valley of geothermal power source, that can supply electricity to the whole region. The first geothermal plant to operate in the Philippines.
People and Culture
The people of Ormoc are called Ormocanons. Ormocanons are predominantly Cebuano-speaking (or Kana, as Cebuano-speakers in Leyte and Southern Leyte are often called) together with the whole western part of Leyte island. The people relate more to neighboring towns and Cebu than to eastern Leyte itself.
Like most Filipinos, Ormocanons, being predominantly Roman Catholic, celebrate the annual city fiesta for the patron saints Peter and Paul on June 28 and 29. Catholic religious festivals are observed thorughout the year.
Ormoc City is a consistent winner of the Cleanest and Greenest City program of the DILG from 1995 to the present. The Asian Institute of Management's study titled The Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2005 ranked the city first in 'infrastructure' and tenth in 'dynamism of local economy' among small cities of the Philippines.
Ormoc City is politically subdivided into 110 barangays.
- Ormoc City official website
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- Ormoc City, Leyte current Photos