Nueva Vizcaya

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Main article: Nueva Vizcaya was also a province of New Spain, compromising the modern Mexican states of Chihuahua and Durango

Nueva Vizcaya is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Bayombong. It is bordered by, clockwise from the north, Ifugao, Isabela, Quirino Province, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, and Benguet.

Province of Nueva Vizcaya
[[Image:Ph seal nueva vizcaya.png|250px]]
[[Image:Ph locator map nueva vizcaya.png|250px]]
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Governor Luisa Lloren Cuaresma
Barangays 275
Physical characteristics
Area 3,903.9 km²
(33rd largest)
Total (2000) 366,962
(19th smallest)
Density 94/km²
(14th lowest)


History, People and Culture

The province of Nueva Vizcaya used to be a territory of the vast Cagayan Valley which was once an integral political unit with one governor. In 1839, then Governor Luis Lardizabal issued an order transforming Nueva Vizcaya into a politico-militar province upon the advice the alcalde mayor of Cagayan. The order was approved by a Royal Decree on April 10, 1841. The province had its first taste of civil governance in 1902 when it was organized by the Philippine Commission.

Since Nueva Vizcaya's birth as a province, traces of the culture and customs of its early settlers--the Ilongots (Bugkalots), Igorots, Ifugaos, Isinays, and the Gaddangs--can still be seen. The influx of civilization and the infusion of modern technology to the life stream of the province induced many immigrants from adjacent provinces to migrate to this province.

The history of organized religion in the province of Nueva Vizcaya dates back to the year 1607 when the Dominican Order arrived at the hinterlands of the province to preach their beliefs. It was not until 1609, however, that the first settlement of a religious order was established in the southern half of the province. In 1702, a covenant was erected in Burubur at the foot of the Caraballo mountains in Sta. Clara, which is now a barangay of the town of Aritao. It was on this site that the first mass in Nueva Vizcaya was celebrated and the first baptism of a Christian convert was held.

Every last week of May, Nueva Vizcaya celebrates the Panagyaman festival.


The province has a total land area of 4,378.80 square kilometers, which accounts for 16.30% of the total land area of Region II. It is composed of 15 municipalities, with Bayombong as the provincial capital, Bambang and Solano as the major commercial centers, and Kayapa as the summer capital and "vegetable bowl." Bayombong lies approximately 268 kilometers north of Metro Manila and can be reached by land via the Cagayan Valley Road (Maharlika Highway).

With forest land, agricultural areas and grasslands occupying a wide swath of the province, it does not come as a surprise that Nueva Vizcaya is an ideal site for extensive agricultural activity. Its main crops are rice, corn, vegetables, pineapple, banana, coffee, coconut, oranges and other fruit trees.

In mining, the province faces bright prospects. According to the Bureau of Mines and Geo-Sciences, deposits of metallic minerals which can be exploited are copper, gold, molybdenum and pyrite. Non-metallic deposits include red clay, white clay and limestone. Sand and gravel are the most abundant deposits in the province.


Nueva Vizcaya is within the influence of the typhoon belt in Northern Luzon. However, it is not in the direct path of cyclones that visit the region.

The province falls under the third type of climate characterized by rainfall pattern that is relatively wet from May to October and gradually becomes dry during November to February. March and April are considered dry.

December and January are considered as the coldest months while March and April are the hottest.


The present territory of Nueva Vizcaya was the result of changes emanating from the formal creation of the province of Isabela in May 1856, when a large portion of its northern territory was ceded to the newly formed province.

The organization in 1908 of the province of Ifugao further reduced the area of Nueva Vizcaya which was forced to give up its northwest territory. The survey executed by the Bureau of Lands in 1914 caused the further diminution of its area, which was reduced once more with the enactment of the Administrative Code in 1917. Finally, in 1971, Quirino was transformed from a subprovince of Nueva Vizcaya into an autonomous province under Republic Act 6394. Yet even after these slices of land had been given away to new and emerging territories, the province of Nueva Vizcaya continues to occupy a vast area.

Nueva Vizcaya has one congressional district, although there has been a longtime proposal to divide the province into two congressional districts: "North District," comprising the northern municipalities; and "South District," composed of the southern towns.

Nueva Vizcaya is subdivided into 15 municipalities.


Municipality Heads Of Each Municipality

  • Alfonso Castaneda, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Jerry P. Pasigian
  • Ambaguio, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Moises G. Amokla
  • Aritao, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Lucing L. Tan
  • Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Nestor M. Sevillena
  • Bambang, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Benjamin Cuaresma III
  • Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. John Severino G. Bagasao
  • Diadi, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Marivic S. Padilla
  • Dupax del Norte, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. __________________
  • Dupax del Sur, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Romulo L. Calutera
  • Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. ___________________
  • Kayapa, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. John Balasya
  • Quezon, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Aurelio S. Salunat
  • Santa Fe, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Florante S. Gerdan
  • Solano, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon. Philip A. Dacayo
  • Villaverde, Nueva Vizcaya - Hon.Esmenio S. Bajo

Tourist Attractions

Hospital Lists

  • Kurikit Medical Hospital
  • Nueva Vizcaya Provincial Hospital
  • Medical Mission Group Hospital (MMG)
  • Veteran's Regional Hospital
  • Purisimo L. Tiam (PLT) Hospital

Shopping Malls

Soon SM Bambang
  • Primark Bambang
  • Puregold Bayombong
  • Robinsons Bayombong
  • Starmall Bayombong
  • SM Bambang (under construction)

Places to Visit/Landmarks


  • THE CAPITOL PARK – It is considered as the “Luneta of the North”. This 8-hectare park is carpeted with green grass and elegantly landscaped. It has a boating lagoon, fountain and wishing well, picnic huts and sports facilities. It also has painting murals depicting some significant legends, the indigenous tribes and major attractions of the province.
  • ST. DOMINIC CATHEDRAL – It is located at the heart of the town and it boasts of having the best sounding church bells in the country. The structure is made of bricks and rare church antiques.
  • THE PEOPLE'S MUSEUM AND LIBRARY – This two-storey historical building, where the provincial government was formerly seated, is now housing the Novo Vizcayano history and heritage.
  • BANGAN HILL - A historic landmark and cultural treasure. It is the site of the annual "Stations of the Cross" staged by the local Catholic church during the Lenten season using live actors depicting the last moments leading to Jesus Christ's crucifixion. Also great for hiking enthusiasts.


  • Nueva Vizcaya could be reached by at least four regular entry points, aside from reaching it by air travel. These are through the Dalton Pass reaching the first town of Santa Fe; through the Daang Maharlika, entering the town of diadi; through the Vizcaya-Banaue Road entering the town of Bagabag and through the Vizcaya-Benguet Road, entering the town of Kayapa.

External links

Original Source

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page was adapted from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Nueva Vizcaya. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Wikipedia, WikiPilipinas also allows reuse of content made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. See full WikiMedia Terms of Use.