Nabua, Camarines Sur

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Municipality of Nabua
Ph locator camarines sur nabua.png
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
Mayor Fernando D. Simbulan (Lakas-CMD)
Barangays 42
Physical characteristics
Area 9,623ha. km²
Total (2000) 70,909

Nabua is a 1st class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 70,909 people in 12,724 households.

Nabua is the mother town of Iriga City, Bato and Balatan, Camarines Sur. This town is headed by Mayor Fernando D. Simbulan.



The Municipality of Nabua traces the historical origin of its name way back during the Spanish Colonization. It was said that in Yeay 1571, an Augustinian Friar named Fray Alonzo Gimenez reached one of the rancerias called Lupa which was then under Datu Panga from Borneo. The good friar found persons inside the said rancheria cutting coconuts. He was offered to partake the inside shoot of coconut which the natives called “BOA”. Immediately, the good friar tagged the place as “NABUA” pronounced with his Spanish Accent. From that time onwards this place become popularly known as NABUA.

In another version, a historian named Fray Felix Huerta claimed that the name came from the story that the original sitio of the town is in the ship of the “BOA”, young embryo of the coconut which was surrounded by five (5) rancherias named Lupa, Antacodos, Sabang, Caobnon and Binoyoan. Other believe otherwise and said it was centrally located in the middle of said rancherias thus closely resembling a delicious “BOA” which children loved to eat. For a time, the town was called “NABOBOWA” but years of long usage shortened and corrupted it to the present name of NABUA.

Geographical Location

Nabua Town Center

The municipality of Nabua is geographically located between 123 and 124 degrees longitude and 13 and 14 degrees latitude. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Baao and Bula; on the south by the municipality of Bato; on the east by Iriga City; and on the west by the municipality of Balatan. The municipality is an established growth center in the southeast part of Camarines Sur Province or the mid-section of Bicol River Basin Area. Along the Legazpi-Iriga-Naga-Daet Growth Corridor or LINDGC, the municipality is located about 53 kilometers from Legazpi City which is the Regional Center; 37.0 kilometers from Naga City which is a major urban center; 135 kilometers from Daet which is a secondary Urban Center and only 2.0 kilometers from Iriga City which is a minor urban center.


The wrath of Typhoon Reming last December 2006

The municipality of Nabua possesses a climate belonging to the 4th type wherein rainfalls are more or less evenly distributed throughout the years. Its rainfall is classified as TYPE B or HUMID characterized by rains well or evenly distributed throughout the year with at most three (3) dry months. General wind direction prevailing the municipality is from northeast to southwest at an average velocity of eight (8) knots.

This town has dry, cold and wet season. From June to November, this town is experiencing heavy rains. Cold season comes every December to February. Then, from March to May, the dry season commences.


Nabua Catholic Church

The municipality of Nabua is one (1) in land mass containing a total land area of 8,854.4193 hectares. This total land area distributed among the 42 barangays, nine (9) of which are considered as urban barangays namely, San Antonio (Poblacion), San Esteban, San Francisco, San Juan, San Luis, San Isidro, San Miguel, San Nicolas, San Roque (Poblacion) and 33 are considered as rural barangays. Among the urban barangays, San Antonio (Poblacion) has the biggest land area of 234.1798 hectares while San Isidro has the least land area of 2.1746 hectares. In the rural barangays, Duran has the largest land area as well as in the entire municipality of 428.1501 hectares while San Roque Madawon has the smallest land area of 76.3228 hectares.

The municipality of Nabua given its land mass is entirely classified as alienable and disposable lands. Previous land classification has its slight share of forestlands but was absorbed by the adjacent municipality of Balatan which requires political solution.

Elevation and Slope

Nabua Rotunda

The municipality of Nabua has about 8,803.0600 hectares or 99.42% very low elevation or less than 100 meters elevation and remaining 51.3593 hectares or 0.58% of low elevation or between 100-300 meters elevation. Its slope covers about 7,927.3616 hectares or 89.53% which are level to nearly level (0-3%) while the remaining 927.0577 hectares or 10.47% are rolling to moderately steep (18-30%)

As the dominantly alluvial plain, the municipality of Nabua has the prevalent soil types classified as either Clay Loam or Sandy Loam having silty texture. These soil type have high use for agriculture usage.

The geological characteristics for the municipality of Nabua consists of: Upper Pleistocene (Sandstone and shale), Pliocene Pleistocene (Volcanoclast alluvial fans), and Recent (Alluvium or rice terraces).

The natural drainage tributaries for the municipality of Nabua consist of numerous creeks interconnected with the three major rivers namely: Bicol River, Rawas River, and Barit River.

Demographical Data

Map of Nabua

The municipality of Nabua has a total population of 70.337 persons based on the 1999 Municipal Population Records. The municipality’s total population accounts for 4.6% of the total provincial population of Camarines sur pr ranked fourth behind much larger population sizes of Naga City, Libmanan, and Iriga City. This is hardly surprising because the municipality’s of Nabua is one of the biggest town in the province.

Historically the municipal population has experienced positive growth rate beginning Censal Year 1903 up to 1999. Municipal population records except only in Censal Year 1970 where the municipal population decrease with negative growth rate. This population shift in number can be attributed to migration pattern maybe because of socio-economic reasons. Thus, from a more population size of 18.893 in 1903, the current municipal population increase more than triple in size for 1999.

Spread out among the 42 barangays of Nabua, there are 10,219 persons living in the urban barangays while 60,158 persons live in the rural barangays. San Antonio Poblacion has the most population of 2,467 persoons while San Luis has the least of 383 persons among urban barangays. For rural barangays, La Purisin has the most population of 8,374 persons while San Roque Madawon has the least population of 462 persons.

Population density for the entire municipality of Nabua speaks of 70,377 persons spread over the total municipal land area of 8,854.4193 hectares, which is equivalent to 7.9482 persons per hectare or 794.82 persons per square kilometer.

Population literacy for the municipality of Nabua boasts of 96.54% literate persons over those who are deemed illiterate. Translated in terms of highest grade completed at least 24.342 persons have entered elementary schools over persons who have either not completed any grade o 4.232 persons or 2,390 persons who have only attained pre-school education.


Nabua National High School

Nabua boast of a high literacy rate as far as education is concerned. There are about 96.54% literate persons within the municipality. The people of Nabua put a premium on their education as their key to social and economic development. The present level off educational services within the municipality covers number of teachers and classrooms viz-a-viz current and projected enrollments.

For elementary level, there are a total of 33 elementary schools divided into East and West Districts with a total current enrollment of 11,947 pupils. Secondary level of education are currently provided the following schools namely: Nabua National High School, La Purisima Nationalized High School, Malawag Nationalized High School, Sto. Domingo Institute, and Saint Jude Agro-Industrial College.

The Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges, a public school located at San Miguel offers tertiary, post-graduate, as well as short–term courses, technical or vocational in nature.

Nabua is the site of large state-run and private educational institutions in Rinconada. Some of the leading schools in Nabua are:

  • Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges
  • St. Jude Agro-Industrial College
  • Sto. Domingo Institute
  • Ryden International School
  • Nabua National High School
  • La Purisima Nationalized High School
  • Malawag High School
  • San Vicente Provincial High School
  • Nabua Central Pilot School
  • Holy Cross Parochial School


Nabua Central Market
Nabua Night Food Trip

Agriculture contributes a major role to the economy of the municipality of Nabua given its vast alluvial plains. Its agricultural contribution consists of crop production , livestock and fishery. Crop production is more intense rather than livestock and fishery

Rice production, both irrigated and non-irrigated occupies about 87.26% of the total agricultural land devoted to crop production while corn and other types of crops occupies merely 7.96% and 4.78% respectively. However, crop production in the entire municipality represents only about 36.94% of the total municipal land area. Livestock production can be described as one merely that of backyard raising style despite the presence of at least two (2) farms located at Inapatan with aggregate of only 1.00 hectare and only 22,000 animal heads. Likewise, inland fishing can hardly produce much-needed agricultural revenues both for the inland fishermen as well as for the benefit of the local government.

Commercial establishments found within Poblacion include wholesale trade, general merchandise, auto and motor supplies, school supplies, funeral parlor, groceries, insurance companies, banks, lending investors, pawnshops, drugstores, restaurant and sari-sari stores.


The strategic location of Nabua along the Luzon grid makes it an ample recipient of power supply from NAPOCOR. Within the municipality itself, the Camarines Sur Electric Cooperative (CASURECO) as the exclusive provider retails supply of electricity. All barangays within the municipality are already energized both in urban and rural barangays.

There are three existing level III water supply system that provides potable water, namely: Nabua Water District, Duran Water System and Sagumay Water System.

Existing communication services and facilities includes cable television, telephone services, telegraph services and telegraphic transfer, cellphones, and postal services.

Shopping and Accomodation

Macagang Business Center

These are some of the shopping centers, hotels and accommodations in Nabua:

  • Macagang Business Center and Resort is located in Barangay San Antonio along the National Highway.
  • Moraville Hotel is at Barangay San Francisco.
  • Sampaguita Tourist Inn is in Barangay San Roquei n front of Shell Gas Station.
  • Sampaguita Department Store is in front of Nabua Parish Church.
  • People's Mart is at the town's Central Market.
  • Mequene Abe Commercial
  • Nen and Nel
  • Bookstreet
  • Alson's Trading
  • Kyla's Boutique is located in Barangay San Francisco along the National Highway near the Caltex Gas Station.



Nabua Ladrillo Church

The town of Nabua celebrates its fiesta with the Boa-Boahan Festival every May 2. The highlight of the festival is the reenactment of the traditional "Boa Feast", a 13th century rite where ancient Bicolanos offered chains of coconut embryos called boa to their deities, in the belief that this would make their life more prosperous throughout the year. The feast is enlivened with a display of colorful costumes.

  • Prominent landmark: Church of the Holy Cross Parish
  • Existing local industries such as bamboo craft, handloom weaving, woodcraft and basketry derived from available raw materials.


The San Esteban Young Achievers Council (SEYAC) is the leading and the most active youth organization in Nabua. It is duly registered with the National Youth Commission National Registration Program.


Nabua Municipal Hall
La Opinion Chapel
Bowa-Bowaan Festival every May

Nabua is politically subdivided into 42 barangays.

Barangays Area
Barangay Captain SK Chairman
1 Angustia (Inapatan)
<center>1,688 <center> <center>
2 Antipolo Old <center> <center>1,577 <center> <center>
3 Antipolo Young <center> <center>674 <center> <center>
4 Aro-aldao <center> <center>924 <center> <center>
5 Bustrac <center> <center>1,091 <center> <center>
6 Dolorosa (Inapatan) <center> <center>1,794 <center> <center>
7 Duran <center> <center>866 <center> <center>
8 Inapatan (Del Rosario) <center> <center>2,528 <center> <center>
9 La Purisima (Agupit) <center> <center>6,931 <center> <center>
10 Lourdes Old <center> <center>913 <center> <center>
11 Lourdes Young <center> <center>2,640 <center> <center>
12 La Opinion <center> <center>4,154 <center> <center>
13 Malawag (San Jose) <center> <center>2,957 <center> <center>
14 Paloyon Oriental <center> <center>651 <center> <center>
15 Paloyon Proper (Sagrada) <center> <center>2,721 <center> <center>
16 Salvacion Que Gatos <center> <center>457 <center> <center>
17 San Antonio (Poblacion) <center> <center>2,217 <center> <center>
18 San Antonio Ogbon <center> <center>2,371 <center> <center>
19 San Esteban (Poblacion) <center> <center>1,807 <center>Henrico A. Iriola <center>Greg Adrian R. Marpuri
20 San Francisco (Poblacion) <center> <center>1,023 <center> <center>
21 San Isidro (Inapatan) <center> <center>638 <center> <center>
22 San Isidro (Poblacion) <center> <center>795 <center> <center>
23 San Jose (Pangaraon) <center> <center>1,394 <center> <center>
24 San Juan (Poblacion) <center> <center>909 <center> <center>
25 San Luis (Poblacion) <center> <center>400 <center> <center>
26 San Miguel (Poblacion) <center> <center>1,673 <center> <center>
27 San Nicolas (Poblacion) <center> <center>747 <center> <center>
28 San Roque (Madawon) <center> <center>532 <center> <center>
29 San Roque (Poblacion) <center> <center>809 <center> <center>
30 San Roque (Sagumay) <center> <center>867 <center> <center>
31 San Vicente (Gorong-Gorong) <center> <center>775 <center> <center>
32 San Vicente (Ogbon) <center> <center>2,476 <center> <center>
33 Santa Barbara (Maliban) <center> <center>1,014 <center> <center>
34 Santa Cruz <center> <center>1,552 <center> <center>
35 Santa Elena (Baras) <center> <center>1,971 <center> <center>
36 Santa Lucia (Baras) <center> <center>1,746 <center> <center>
37 Santiago Old <center> <center>1,828 <center> <center>
38 Santiago Young <center> <center>1,837 <center> <center>
39 Santo Domingo <center> <center>4,715 <center> <center>
40 Tandaay <center> <center>1,373 <center> <center>
41 Topas Proper <center> <center>1,806 <center> <center>
42 Topas Sogod <center> <center>1,068 <center> <center>

External links

Original Source

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