Mariano Marcos

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Mariano Rubio Marcos, also known as Mariano or Don Mariano, is a popular Filipino lawyer, educator and legislator. He is known to be the father of the President Ferdinand Marcos.

He was born on 21 April 1897 in Batac, Ilocos Norte to Fabian Marcos, the gobernadorcillo and justice of the peace of Batac, and Cresencia Rubio.


Early Life

Mariano was raised by under the Aglipayan faith. Thus, the family were the members of Iglesia Filipina Independiente, one of the Christian denomination religions in the Philippines formed in 1902.

He had his primary and intermediate education at his hometown Batac, but later on moved to Philippine Normal School (now Philippine Normal University) and graduated valedictorian with honors in oratory and debating in 1916.


Shortly after graduation, the Bureau of Education delegated him to be the maestro insular in Laoag, a post he held until his promotion as maestro principal in 1917. In 1918, he was enlisted as lieutenant in the National Guard.

On 16 September 1919, Marcos was named supervising teacher after passing a rigid examination. Upon taking the post, he was required to travel and doing the rounds of the public schools in the entire province. He held the position until 4 January 1921, when he resigned to move in Manila and accept the job of high school teacher at National University.


While teaching at NU, he studied law at the University of the Philippines, wherein among his professors were Justices George Malcolm and José P. Laurel. On 27 March 1925, Marcos graduated valedictorian with a bachelor of laws degree. Not long after, he passed the bar examinations. From there, Mariano and his lawyer-brother Pio opened a law office in Batac, with a branch in Manila.


Marcos married Josefa Quetulio Edralin, his co-graduate, in 1916. And the couple had four children, namely: Ferdinand, Pacifico, Elizabeth, and Fortuna.

As Congressman

Mariano Marcos served as the representative of the second district of Ilocos Norte from 1925 to 1931. His quest for a second term was successful in 1928, resulting into him obtaining the chairmanship of the public committee on ways and means, and being the member of the committees on public instruction, public works, public estate, and mines and natural resources. He lost to his rival Emilio Medina of Laoag City.

He ran for another term, this time under the National Assembly of the Commonwealth Government in 1939 but lost to eventual winner Julio Nalundasan. The defeat was allegedly insulted even more when the victor flaunted his triumph in humiliating manner by hauling a coffin with the Marcos name scrawled across the lid.

Controversial Defeat

However, two days later, Nalundasan was hit by a rifle shot in his home and died instantly. The elder Marcos, together with brother Pio, son Ferdinand, and brother in law Quirino Lizardo, were accused of the crime. They were eventually acquitted except Ferdinand, then-18 years old and member of the University of the Philippines' shooting team. He was founded guilty of murder and was sentenced for 10-17 years incarceration but was later freed by the Supreme Court of the Philippines after an intervention.

Death by Summary Execution

Days before the closing of the war, Marcos was arrested by the guerrilla in his home at Ilocos Norte. He was summoned by the Anti-Partisan forces and was convicted for being a collaborator (“makapili”) to the Japanese forces, resulting into his bizarre mannered execution at La Union—being cuffed to the running large water buffaloes (carabaos) on 8 March 1945, tearing him limb by limb in the process. Piece of his body were hanged in in the tree until it rot.


Mariano Marcos became a staple figure in selected Metro Manila and Ilocos streets. Commonwealth Avenue, also known as 12.4 kilometer-long Radial Road 7, was formerly identified as Don Mariano Marcos Avenue. At the Ilocos region, two of the country's state universities were given the name in honor of him: the Mariano Marcos State University in Ilocos Norte, and the Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University in La Union.




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