Malolos Congress

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The Malolos Congress was the revolutionary legislature of the First Philippine Republic. It drafted the Malolos Constitution.


Political Constitution

Following the declaration of independence from Spain by the Revolutionary Government, a congress was held in Malolos, Bulacan in 1899 to draw up a constitution for the First Philippine Republic. It was the first republican constitution in Asia. The document states that the people have exclusive sovereignty. It states basic civil rights, separated the church from the state, and called for the creation of an Assembly of Representatives which would act as the legislative body. It also calls for a Presidential form of government with the president elected for a term of four years by a majority of the Assembly.


Major legislation

Legislation Enactment Ratification
Declaration of Independence June 12, 1898 September 29, 1898
Declaration of War against the United States February 4, 1899 February 4, 1899
Malolos Constitution
Approval September 15, 1898 November 29, 1898
Ratification November 29, 1898 January 21, 1899


  • President of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic:
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government/First Philippine Republic:
Apolinario Mabini
Pedro Paterno elected on May 7, 1899
  • President of the Assembly of Representatives:
Pedro Paterno

Cabinet Members

  • Minister of Finance:
Mariano Trias
Hugo Ilagan elected on May 7, 1899
  • Minister of the Interior:
Teodoro Sandico
Severino de las Alas elected on May 7, 1899
  • Minister of War:
Baldomero Aguinaldo
Mariano Trias elected on May 7, 1899
  • Minister of Welfare:
Gracio Gonzaga
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Apolinario Mabini
Leon Ma. Guerrero elected on May 7, 1899
  • Minister of Public Instruction:
Aguedo Velarde
  • Minister of Public Works and Communication:
Maximo Paterno
  • Minister of Public Works and Communication:
Leon Ma. Guerrero


List of Congress members as of July 7, 1899, as certified by the President of Congress Pedro A. Paterno.

District Representatives Status
Manila Teodoro Gonzales Leaño Elected
Felix Ferrer y Pascual Elected
Arsenio Cruz Herrera Elected
Mariano Limjap Appointed
Batangas Mariano Lopez Elected
Gregorio Aguilera Elected
Eduardo Gutierrez Appointed
Ambrosio Flores Appointed
Bulacan Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista Elected
Mariano Crisostomo Elected
Pedro Serrano Appointed
Trinidad Icasiano Appointed
Cavite José Basa Elected
Hugo Ilagan Elected
Jose Salamanca Elected
Severino de las Alas Appointed
Ambos Camarines Justo Lucban Elected
Tomas Arejola Elected
Valeriano Velarde Appointed
Mariano Quien Appointed
Ilocos Sur Vicente Foz Elected
Ignacio Villamor Elected
Francisco Tongson Appointed
Mena Crisologo Appointed
Ilocos Norte Gregorio Aglipay Elected
Martin Garcia Elected
Pio Romero Appointed
Jose Luna Appointed
Quintin Donato Appointed
Pedro A. Paterno Appointed
Laguna Higinio Benitez Elected
Graciano Cordero Elected
Manuel Sityar Appointed
Mauricio Ilagan Appointed
Pampanga Joaquin Gonzales Elected
Jose R. Infante Elected
Ramon Vengson Appointed
Enrique Macapinlac Appointed
Pangasinan Vicente del Prado Elected
Antonio Feliciano Elected
Sebastian de Castro Appointed
Adriano Garces Appointed
Iloilo Esteban de la Rama Appointed
Melecio Figueroa Appointed
Venancio Concepcion Appointed
Tiburcio Hilario Appointed
Cebu Ariston Bautista Appointed
Trinidad Pardo de Tavera Appointed
Felix David Appointed
Francisco Macabulos Soliman Appointed
Leyte Simplicio del Rosario Appointed
Rafael Guerrero Appointed
Marciano Zamora Appointed
Luis Navarro Appointed

See also

External links

Further reading

  • Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
  • The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines. ISBN 971-8832-24-6. 
  • Pobre, Cesar P.. Philippine Legislature 100 Years. ISBN 971-92245-0-9.