Maguindanao

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Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is Shariff Aguak and borders Lanao del Sur to the north, Cotabato to the east, Shariff Kabunsuan to the west and Sultan Kudarat to the south. To the west lies the Moro Gulf.

Province of Maguindanao
Landmarks
[[Image:{{{landmarkfile}}}|250px]]
Seal
[[Image:Ph seal maguindanao.png|250px]]
Location
[[Image:Ph locator map maguindanao.png|250px]]
Government
Region Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)
Governor Datu Andal S. Ampatuan
Barangays 279
Physical characteristics
Area 4,900.1 km²
(21st largest)
Population
Total (2000) 435,254
(28th largest)
Density 163/km²
(30th highest)


Contents

Economy

Geography

Political

Maguindanao is subdivided into 22 municipalities.

Municipality No. of
Barangays
Population
(2000)
Area
(km²)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Ampatuan
11
16,996
Buluan
  7
29,841
Datu Abdullah Sangki
10
15,911
Datu Anggal Midtimbang
  7
10,628
Datu Paglas
23
20,014
Ph seal maguindanao datu piang.png Datu Piang
20
39,794
Datu Saudi-Ampatuan
14
27,509
Datu Unsay
  9
12,229
Gen. S. K. Pendatun
19
22,542
Guindulungan
11
14,894
Mamasapano
18
20,059
Mangudadatu
  8
10,993
Pagagawan
11
27,010
Pagalungan
12
25,908
Paglat
  8
 5,832
Pandag
  8
10,264
Rajah Buayan
11
16,191
Shariff Aguak (Maganoy)
25
37,302
Ph seal maguindanao south upi.png South Upi
11
28,186
Sultan sa Barongis (Lambayong)
12
18,518
Talayan
15
14,772
Talitay
  9
 9,861

Physical

Tourist Attractions

History

Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johore introduced Islam in the area at the end of the 15th century. He subsequently married a local princess and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao. The Cotabato Valley formed the sultanate's heartland but its influence extended from the Zamboanga Peninsula to Sarangani Bay and Davao.

The Spaniards launched expeditions to subdue the area throughout the colonial era but they never gained control of the region until the middle of the 19th century.

During the American period, Cotabato became a district of the Moro Province created in 1903 and a province of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu in 1914.

The old province of Cotabato was divided in 1966 into Cotabato and South Cotabato. In 1973, the successor province of Cotabato was split into the provinces of Maguindanao, (North) Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.

Maguindanao is the only Muslim-majority province of the four created out of the original Cotabato Province. In 1989, the it opted to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao but Cotabato City did not, which, ironically, has since served as the capital of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

On October 31, 2006, voters in Maguindanao's 29 municipalities have approved the creation of a new province to be composed of 10 towns. Of Maguindanao's more than 500,000 registered voters, 285,372 favored the creation of Shariff Kabunsuan province. Only 8,802 voted against it.

Shariff Kabunsuan became the country's 80th province and the 6th in the ARMM.

The new province, carved out of Maguindanao, is composed of the towns of Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Upi, Sultan Kudarat, Datu Blah T. Sinsuat, Sultan Mastura, Parang, Buldon, Matanog and Barira. The creation of Shariff Kabunsuan left Maguindanao with only inland towns and no access to the coast, rendering it landlocked.

The ARMM is now composed of Maguindanao, Shariff Kabunsuan, Lanao del Sur, Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi and the city of Marawi.

Musical Heritage

The native Maguindanaon have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

References

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Territorial
disputes
Sabah | Scarborough Shoal | Spratly Islands

External links

  • Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang Music. Has chapters devoted to kulintang instrumentation, styles and uses by the Maguindanaon and other Southern Pilipino Groups.


Original Source

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