Maguindanao is a province of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital is Shariff Aguak and borders Lanao del Sur to the north, Cotabato to the east, Shariff Kabunsuan to the west and Sultan Kudarat to the south. To the west lies the Moro Gulf.
|Region||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)|
|Governor||Datu Andal S. Ampatuan|
|Area|| 4,900.1 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 435,254|
Maguindanao is subdivided into 22 municipalities.
|Municipality|| No. of
| Pop. density|
|Datu Abdullah Sangki|
|Datu Anggal Midtimbang|
|Gen. S. K. Pendatun|
|Shariff Aguak (Maganoy)|
|Sultan sa Barongis (Lambayong)|
Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johore introduced Islam in the area at the end of the 15th century. He subsequently married a local princess and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao. The Cotabato Valley formed the sultanate's heartland but its influence extended from the Zamboanga Peninsula to Sarangani Bay and Davao.
The Spaniards launched expeditions to subdue the area throughout the colonial era but they never gained control of the region until the middle of the 19th century.
The old province of Cotabato was divided in 1966 into Cotabato and South Cotabato. In 1973, the successor province of Cotabato was split into the provinces of Maguindanao, (North) Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.
Maguindanao is the only Muslim-majority province of the four created out of the original Cotabato Province. In 1989, the it opted to join the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao but Cotabato City did not, which, ironically, has since served as the capital of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
On October 31, 2006, voters in Maguindanao's 29 municipalities have approved the creation of a new province to be composed of 10 towns. Of Maguindanao's more than 500,000 registered voters, 285,372 favored the creation of Shariff Kabunsuan province. Only 8,802 voted against it.
Shariff Kabunsuan became the country's 80th province and the 6th in the ARMM.
The new province, carved out of Maguindanao, is composed of the towns of Datu Odin Sinsuat, Kabuntalan, Upi, Sultan Kudarat, Datu Blah T. Sinsuat, Sultan Mastura, Parang, Buldon, Matanog and Barira. The creation of Shariff Kabunsuan left Maguindanao with only inland towns and no access to the coast, rendering it landlocked.
The native Maguindanaon have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.
|Component local government units of Maguindanao|
| Municipalities: Ampatuan • Barira • Buldon • Buluan • Datu Abdullah Sangki • Datu Anggal Midtimbang • Datu Blah T. Sinsuat • Datu Hoffer Ampatuan • Datu Montawal • Datu Odin Sinsuat • Datu Paglas • Datu Piang • Datu Salibo • Datu Saudi-Ampatuan • Datu Unsay • Gen. S. K. Pendatun • Guindulungan • Kabuntalan • Mamasapano • Mangudadatu • Matanog • Northern Kabuntalan • Pagalungan • Paglat • Pandag • Parang • Rajah Buayan • Shariff Aguak • Shariff Saydona Mustapha • South Upi • Sultan Kudarat • Sultan Mastura • Sultan sa Barongis • Talayan • Talitay • Upi
| Independent component city: Cotabato City|
(Administratively independent from the province, but grouped under Maguindanao by the National Statistics Office)
- Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang Music. Has chapters devoted to kulintang instrumentation, styles and uses by the Maguindanaon and other Southern Pilipino Groups.