List of Vice Presidents of the Philippines

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This is a complete list of Vice Presidents of the Philippines. The list includes Vice Presidents who were inaugurated by as Vice President of the Philippines following the ratification of a constitution that explicitly declared the existence of the Philippines. The inclusion of Mariano Trias in the list is disputed, for Trias was chosen as Vice President at the Tejeros Convention, and again as Vice-President for the short-lived Biak na Bato Republic, which was dissolved after the signing of the Pact of Biak na Bato and Aguinaldo's exile. Neither the reassumption of power by Emilio Aguinaldo when the revolution was resumed in May 1898 or his formal proclamation and inauguration as President under the First Philippine Republic in 1899 were regimes that provided for a vice presidency. The vice presidency within the context of the Philippine government was formally created by the constitution in 1935.

Note that the Vice-Presidents under the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under American sovereignty, and that there was no office of the vice president during the Second Republic, considered to be a puppet government of the Imperial Japan during World War II.

When Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, the sitting vice president, Fernando Lopez, was removed from the office. Marcos ruled without a vice-president until 1986. The 1973 constitution initially did not provide for a vice-president, but subsequent amendments restored the office. A Vice-President was able to sit after the 1986 election when the Marcos-Arturo Tolentino ticket were proclaimed winners by the Batasang Pambansa.

Color Legend
Political party or coalition of each Vice President on Election Day.
Independent
Nacionalista
Liberal
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
United Nationalists Democratic Organizations
Nationalist People's Coalition
Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats

Three vice presidents succeeded to the presidency due to the death of the president - Sergio Osmeña (1944), Elpidio Quirino (1948) and Carlos P. Garcia (1957). They did not nominate a new vice-president, since the 1935 constitution was silent on the matter, a new vice-president would sit after the results of following elections were known. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president after the Supreme Court ruled that President Joseph Estrada resigned. Arroyo appointed Teofisto Guingona days after she ascended into power. The 1987 constitution mandated the President to nominate a vice president from a member of the Congress of the Philippines, in which both houses will vote separately for confirmation via a majority vote.

Fernando Lopez is the longest-serving vice president, who stayed in office for 2,884 nonconsecutive days. Arturo Tolentino served 6 days before being deposed in the 1986 EDSA Revolution.

Contents

List of Vice Presidents

# Vice President Took office Left office Party President Term Era
1 Mariano Trías<ref>Still disputed but included in Office of the Vice President Website</ref> March 22, 1897 December 27, 1897<ref>Term ended with the dissolution of the Biak na Bato Republic and Aguinaldo's exile.</ref> Independent
(Magdalo faction of the Katipunan)
Emilio Aguinaldo - Tejeros Convention
Abolished
December 27, 1897 - November 15, 1935
2 Sergio Osmeña November 15, 1935 August 1, 1944<ref name=died>Succeeded after the death of president.</ref> Nacionalista Party Manuel L. Quezon 1 Commonwealth
2
Vacant
August 1, 1944 - May 28, 1946
Sergio Osmeña
3 Elpidio Quirino May 28, 1946 April 15, 1948<ref name="died"/> Liberal Party Manuel Roxas 3
Third Republic
Vacant
April 15, 1948 - December 30, 1949
Elpidio Quirino
4 Fernando Lopez December 30, 1949 December 30, 1953 Liberal Party 4
5 Carlos P. Garcia December 30, 1953 March 17, 1957<ref name="died"/> Nacionalista Party Ramon Magsaysay 5
Vacant
March 17, 1957 - December 30, 1957
Carlos P. Garcia
6 Diosdado Macapagal December 30, 1957 December 30, 1961 Liberal Party 6
7 Emmanuel Pelaez December 30, 1961 December 30, 1965 Liberal Party Diosdado Macapagal 7
8 Fernando Lopez December 30, 1965 January 17, 1973<ref>Term ended with the proclamation of martial law.</ref> Nacionalista Party Ferdinand E. Marcos 8
9
Defunct<ref>Although the office of the vice president existed as per Article VIII of the 1973 Constitution</ref>
January 17, 1973 - January 23, 1984
10 Second Dictatorship
Vacant
January 23, 1984 - February 16, 1986
11 Fourth Republic
9 Arturo Tolentino February 16, 1986 February 25, 1986<ref>Term ended when Marcos was overthrown in the 1986 EDSA Revolution</ref> Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 12
10 Salvador H. Laurel February 25, 1986<ref>Assumed vice presidency by claiming victory in the disputed 1986 snap election.</ref> June 30, 1992 United Nationalists Democratic Organizations Corazon C. Aquino
Fifth Republic
11 Joseph Ejercito Estrada June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 Nationalist People's Coalition Fidel V. Ramos 13
12 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Lakas-National Union of Christian Democrats-United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines Joseph Ejercito Estrada 14
Vacant
January 20, 2001 - February 7, 2001
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
13 Teofisto Guingona February 7, 2001<ref>Nominated by President Arroyo and confirmed by Congress.</ref> June 30, 2004 Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats
14 Noli de Castro June 30, 2004 June 30, 2010 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan
(Lakas-CMD-led coalition)
14
14 Jejomar C. Binay June 30, 2010 Present Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan 15
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