Catalino Ortiz Brocka, better known as Lino Brocka (April 3, 1939;May 21, 1991) is known as one of the greatest film directors of the Philippines. He is the uncle of the Filipino-American director Q. Allan Brocka.
Career and Awards
Brocka directed his first film, Wanted: Perfect Mother, based on The Sound of Music and a local comic serial in 1970. It won an award for best screenplay at the 1970 Manila Film Festival. Later that year he also won the Citizen’s Council for Mass Media's best-director award for the film Santiago.
In 1974 Brocka directed Tinimbang Ka ngunit Kulang, which told the story of a teenager growing up in a small town amid its petty and gross injustices. It was a box-office hit, and earned Brocka another best-director award, this time from the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences (FAMAS). He was also one of the 1975 TOYM Awardees.
The following year he directed Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag (Manila in the Claws of Neon), which is considered by many critics to be the greatest Philippine film ever made--including British film critic and historian Derek Malcolm . The film tells the allegorical tale of a young provincial named Julio Madiaga who goes to Manila looking for his lost love, Ligaya Paraiso (which is Tagalog for "Joyful Paradise"). The episodic plot has him careering from one adventure to another until he finally finds Ligaya. Much of the film's greatness can be traced to the excellent cinematography by Mike de Leon, who would become a great Filipino filmmaker himself.
In 1976 Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag won the FAMAS awards for best picture, best director, best actor, and best supporting actor.
Insiang (1978]]) was the first Philippine film ever shown at the Cannes Film Festival. It is considered to be one of Brocka's best films--some say his masterpiece. The film centers on a young woman named Insiang who lives in the infamous Manila slum area, Tondo. It is a Shakespearean tragedy that deals with Insiang's rape by her mother's lover and her subsequent revenge.
The film Jaguar (1979]) was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1980 Cannes Festival. It won best picture and best director at the 1980 FAMAS Awards. It also won five Gawad Urian Awards, including best picture and best direction.
In 1981, Brocka was back at Cannes' Director's Fortnight with his third entry, Bona, a film about obsession.
In 1983 Brocka created the organization Concerned Artists of the Philippines (CAP), which he led for two years. His stand was that artists were first and foremost citizens and, as such, must address the issues confronting the country. His group became active in anti-government rallies after the assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr.
The following year, Bayan ko: Kapit sa Patalim (Bayan Ko: My Own Country) was deemed subversive by the government of Ferdinand Marcos, and underwent a legal battle to be shown in its uncut form. At the 1984 Cannes Festival, however, it was nominated for the Palme d'Or. It garnered four honors at the 1986 Gawad Urian Awards, including best picture.
Lino Brocka was awarded the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award for journalism, literature and creative communication arts in 1985.
In 1987 a documentary entitled Signed: Lino Brocka was directed by Christian Blackwood. It won the 1988 Peace Film Award at the Berlin International Film Festival.
WANTED: PERFECT MOTHER
TUBOG SA GINTO (Dipped in Gold/Gold-plated)
LUMUHA PATI MGA ANGHEL (Even the Angels Cried)
CADENA DE AMOR (Chain of Love)
TINIMBANG KA NGUNIT KULANG (Weighed But Found Wanting)
TATLO, DALAWA, ISA (Three, Two, One)
MAYNILA, SA MGA KUKO NG LIWANAG (Manila In The Claws Of Lights/Manila In The Claws Of Neon Lights)
DUNG-AW (Peasants Lament)
LUNES, MARTES, MIYERKULES, HUWEBES, BIYERNES, SABADO, LINGGO (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday)
TAHAN NA EMPOY, TAHAN (Stop Crying, Little Boy)
TADHANA: ITO ANG LAHING PILIPINO - REFORM MOVEMENT EPISODE (History of the Filipino Race - Reform Movement Episode)
MANANAYAW (The Dancer)
ANG TATAY KONG NANAY (My Father, My Mother)
GUMISING KA MARUJA (Wake Up Maruja)
HAYOP SA HAYOP (Beast To Beast)
INA, KAPATID, ANAK (Mother, Sister, Daughter)
INA KA NG ANAK MO (You Are The Mother Of Your Child/Whore Of A Mother)
NAKAW NA PAG-IBIG (Stolen Love)
HELLO, YOUNG LOVERS
BINATA SI MISTER, DALAGA SI MISIS (The Husband Is A Bachelor, The Wife Is A Maiden)
CAUGHT IN THE ACT
IN DIS CORNER (In This Corner)
PALIPAT-LIPAT, PAPALIT-PALIT (Keep On Changing, Keep On Moving)
CAIN AT ABEL
STRANGERS IN PARADISE
BAYAN KO: KAPIT SA PATALIM (My Country: Gripping The Knife's Edge)
ADULTERY (Aida Macaraeg Case No. 7892)
AKIN ANG IYONG KATAWAN (Your Body Is Mine Experience)
MIGUELITO, ANG BATANG REBELDE (Miguelito, The Rebel Boy)
ANO ANG KULAY NG MUKHA NG DIYOS
NAPAKASAKIT KUYA EDDIE
MAGING AKIN KA LAMANG (If Only You Could Be Mine)
PASAN KO ANG DAIGDIG (I Carry The World)
TATLONG MUKHA NG PAG-IBIG - "ANG SILID" (The Three Faces Of Love - "The Room" Episode)
NATUTULOG PA ANG DIYOS (God Is Still Asleep)
KAILAN MAHUHUGASAN ANG KASALANAN (When Will The Sin Be Washed Away)
ORAPRONOBIS (Fight For Us)
BABANGON AKO'T DUDURUGIN KITA (I Will Rise And Crush You)
KUNG TAPOS NA ANG KAILANMAN (At The End Of Eternity)
GUMAPANG KA SA LUSAK (Dirty Affair)
HAHAMAKIN LAHAT (Despise Everything)
HOW ARE THE KIDS
AMA, BAKIT MO AKO PINABAYAAN (Father, Why Have You Forsaken Me)
SA KABILA NG LAHAT (No Matter What)
KISLAP SA DILIM (Sparkle In The Dark)
MAKIUSAP SA DIYOS (Plead With God)
- Lino Brocka at the Internet Movie Database
- An extensive biography from a Lino Brocka fan site
- A retrospective for the one-time Mormon and celebrated gay Filipino film director
- The University of the Philippines Film Institute's Lino Brocka page
- Mission Impossible 1: Filmmaking in the Philippines 1896-1986 (historical overview)
- Guardian Unlimited (UK) feature on Derek Malcolm's Century of Films, which includes Brocka's "Manila: In The Claws of Darkness"