Judicial and Bar Council
The Judicial and Bar Council of the Philippines is a constitutionally-created body that recommends appointees for vacancies that may arise in the composition of the Supreme Court and other lower courts.
The Council is composed of a representative of the Integrated Bar association|Bar, a professor of law, a retired member of the Supreme Court, and a representative of the private sector. They are the "regular" members, as opposed to the Secretary of Justice and a representative of Congress who are the ex-officio members. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is the ex-officio chairman,  while the Clerk of the Supreme Court shall serve as the ex-officio secretary. 
The regular members would be nominated by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments for a term of four years. However, since the terms will be staggered, the first set of members would a different lengths of service: the representative of the Integrated Bar shall serve for four years, the professor of law for three years, the retired Justice for two years, and the representative of the private sector for one year.  The following members shall be given the full four-year term.
As of January 2009, the members of the Judicial and Bar Council are:
- J. Conrado P. Castro - Integrated Bar representative, a private practitioner
- Amado L. Dimayuga - representative from the academe, Dean of the University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Civil Law
- Regino C. Hermosisima, Jr- retired Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
- Aurora Santiago-Lagman - private sector representative, former Associate Justice of the Court of Appeals
- Matias V. Defensor, Jr. - incumbent congressman
- Francis Joseph G. Escudero - incumbent senator
- Raul M. Gonzalez - incumbent Secretary of Justice
The function of the Council is to recommend to the president of possible appointees to the Judiciary. 
The president shall choose from among those nominated, although she may ask the Council to nominate somebody else and add it to the list. The person then chosen by the president then becomes a member of the Judiciary, and is not anymore reviewed by the Commission on Appointments. This is to prevent politicking and horse-trading among political parties.
Former Chief Justice of the Philippines|Chief Justice Artemio Panganiban said that the Council's principal objective is to attract the best and brightest to the judiciary and to make them remain there.
- ^ 1987 Constitution, Article VIII, Section 8, Paragraph 1
- ^ 1987 Constitution, Article VIII, Section 8, Paragraph 3
- ^ 1987 Constitution, Article VIII, Section 8, Paragraph 2
- ^ 1987 Constitution, Article VIII, Section 8, Paragraph 5
- Chan Robles Virtual Law Library: Article 8
- Atty. Rita Linda V. Jimeno. Attracting the best and the brightest. Retrieved on August 8, 2006.
- Supreme Court of the Philippines
- Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
- Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
- Constitution of the Philippines