Jacinto Zamora (b. August 14, 1835 - d. February 17, 1872) was a Filipino priest and martyr, one of the leading advocates of the secularization of Philippine parishes.
Early life and education
Zamora was born in Pandacan, Manila to Don Venancio Zamora and Doña Hilaria del Rosario. He received his early education in Pandacan and later transferred to the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he received a bachelor of Arts degree. On March 16, 1858, he obtained degrees in theology and canon law from the University of Sto. Tomas.
Life as a clergy
After being ordained, Zamora immediately handled parishes in Marikina, Pasig, and Batangas. He was then appointed along with Fr. Jose Burgos to the Manila Cathedral on December 3, 1864 after passing an exam. Both priests were members of the Comite Reformado, which advocated the secularization of parishes.
Zamora was accused of celebrating a High Mass along with two other Filipino priests instead of Spanish Franciscan friars. In another instance, a Spanish lieutenant threatened Zamora for refusing to grant a church blessing for a friend who had committed suicide.
The uprising in Cavite arsenal provided an opportunity to the enemies of Zamora to hurl false accusations on him that led to the arrest and trial of Gomes, Burgos and Zamora at Fort Santiago on February 15, 1872. The Gomburza (collective name of the three priests) were sentenced to death and were executed on February 17, 1872 by means of garotte (strangulation) at Bagumbayan (Luneta Park). Their death awakened the Filipino nationalistic fervor for freedom against its colonizers.
- Quirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.