Ignacia del Espiritu Santo

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ignacia del Espiritu Santo

Ignacia Iuco
Born 1663
Manila, Philippines Flag of the Philippines
Died September 10, 1748
St. Ignatius Church, Intramuros, Manila
Parents Jusepe Iuco and Maria Jeronima

Ignacia del Espíritu Santo (b. 1663 - d. September 10, 1748) was the founder of the Religious of the Virgin Mary (RVM) that made her the first Filipina religious organizer.




Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo was born in Manila, Philippines in 1663. She was the daughter of Jusepe Iuco, a Chinese immigrant from Amoy, China, and of María Jerónima, a native Filipina. She was the eldest of four children. [1]

Early life

Ignacia was baptized on March 4, 1663 at Holy Kings Parish, and spent her childhood in Binondo, Manila. She refused her parents' request to marry, instead Ignacia sought spiritual direction from Fr. Paul Klein, a Jesuit from Bohemia who arrived in Manila in 1682. The priest gave her the spiritual exercises of St. Ignatius. After this period of solitude and prayer, Ignacia decided to "remain in the service of the Divine Majesty" and to "live by sweat of her brow". She left home and brought with her only a needle and a pair of scissors. She started to live alone in the house located at the back of the Jesuit College of Manila.

Founding of a new community

Her life of prayer and labor attracted yndias (natives) who also felt called to the religious life but could not be admitted into the existing congregation at that time. Mother Ignacia accepted these women into her company and the first community was born. They became known as the Beatas de la Compania de Jesus because they frequently received the sacraments at the Church of St. Ignatius. They performed many acts of devotion there, and had the Jesuit fathers as their spiritual directors and confessors. Mother Ignacia centered her life on the suffering of Christ and tried to imitate him through a life of service and humility. Her spirituality of humble service was expressed in her capacity to forgive, to bear wrongs patiently and to correct with gentleness and meekness. She also emphasized charity in the community which was dedicated to the Blessed Mother. The spirit of Mary runs through the rules which were written for the guidance of the Beatas. She strove to be the living image of Mary to her companions and exhorted them to make Mary as their model in following Jesus. Mother Ignacia and the Beatas were also involved in retreat work, and helped the Jesuit Fathers by preparing the retreatants to be disposed to the spiritual exercises. Mother Ignacia wrote the Constitutions of her community and submitted them for approval on July 1, 1726. After the approval was given in 1732 by the Fiscal Provisor of Manila, Mother Ignacia decided to give up her responsibility as superior of the house. She lived as an ordinary member until her death. Father Murillo Velarde of the Society of Jesus saw this as a great sign of humility. She had no desire to command and control. In his estimation, she was a "true valiant woman" who overcome the great difficulties which she met in the foundation from the beginning to the end. She was "mortified, patient, devout, spiritual, zealous for the good of souls."


At the ripe age of 85, Ignacia died on her knees after receiving Holy Communion on September 10, 1748, and was interred at the Church of Saint Ignatius, [1] which later became part of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila.


The Beaterio de la Compania de Jesus founded by Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo in 1684 continues to exist today, more than 300 years after her death. This congregation is now known as the Religious of the Virgin Mary, is a living testimony to her life as God's handmaid who opened the door of religious life to native women in the Philippines. She proved that God is the God of all people, of whatever color or race. The growth of the Beaterio into a congregation and its response to the apostolic challenges of the times show the vitality of the spirit of Mother Ignacia. The life of this lowly yndia and the fruits of her spirituality proclaim the immense goodness of God whose generosity is unbounded. Mother Ignacia trusted in the loving providence of God and she was never disappointed.

RVM Sisters currently administers schools, cathechetical, and hospital apostolates nationwide.


  • Quirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.
  1. ^ a b c Mother Ignacia del Espíritu Santo, History of the Religious of the Virgin Mary, UIC.edu.ph, retrieved on: June 17, 2007
  • de Guzman,Jovita V.,Vicente A. Santiago,Remedios T. de Leon and Teresita E. Erestain. Women Of Distinction; Biographical Essays on Outstanding Filipino Women of the Past and the Present. Philippines: Bukang Liwayway, 1967

See also




Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.