Iba is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zambales, Philippines. It is the capital municipality of Zambales. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 34,678 people in 7,260 households.
Iba was founded by the order of Augustinian Recollect priest in 1611 as the village of Paynauen."Municipalities" The early inhabitants of the town are called Zambales. They were later joined by the Ilocanos who migrated to the town which resulted in intermingling of customs and traditions. The Aeta people settled in the hinterlands and the majority of them dwelled in the Mount Pinatubo area. In 1860, the administration of the town was turned over to the Dominican priests until the civil government came to power. There are no available records as to when Paynauen was renamed to Iba.
The municipality was named after the sour fruit "Iba", commonly known as kamias (Averrhoa bilimbi), which is abundant in the place. Local folklore talks about the Spaniards who came to the town asking the name of the place, the natives shouted "Iba, Iba" thinking that the man was asking what they were eating. From then on, the place was called Iba.
The permanent capital of Zambales was moved from Masinloc to Iba because of its strategic location being on the central part of Zambales. On August 28, 1901, American Civil Governor William Howard Taft held the historic session of the second Philippine Commission establishing the Province of Zambales under the American rule held at Roman Catholic Church of Iba.
Iba is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.
- Palanginan (Palanginan-Tambak)
- San Agustin
- Santa Barbara
- Santo Rosario
- Zone 1 Pob. (Libaba)
- Zone 2 Pob. (Aypa)
- Zone 3 Pob. (Botlay)
- Zone 4 Pob. (Sagapan)
- Zone 5 Pob. (Bano)
- Zone 6 Pob. (Baytan)
Being a center of employment and commerce as well being the host of major educational institutions, the population of Iba increase during day time because of traders, market buyers, students, government and private employees flocking in the town. Some of the newest establishments in Iba are Puregold and the Iba Town Center - the first and only community mall in the heart of Zambales.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- Barangay Level Classifieds for Iba
- Cafe Tolyo Restaurant & Pension House
- Radyo Natin 105.7 FM Iba, Zambales