Galeon Andalucia

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Galeon Andalucia (Photo by Dianne Castillo. Used with permission.)

The Galeon Andalucia is the replica of Spanish galleons deployed during the Galleon Trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico, in the 17th century. It arrived in Manila on 6 October 2010 and was docked at Pier 13, South Harbor (within the Philippine Ports Authority compound), until October 11, and will travel to Cebu and Bohol, to remain in Philippine waters until October 25 for the celebration of the Dia del Galeon (Day of Galleon) in the Philippines.

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Description

The National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) described Galeon Andalucia as a 95 percent replica of the original galleons used during the Galleon Trade, designed by Ignacio Fernandez Vial. It was built by the Nao Victoria Foundation out of Spanish, Finnish, African, and American pine and oak wood, unlike the original galleons, which were made of Philippine wood. Its sails, however, were made in the Ilocos region in the Philippines.

Its length is 47 meters while its breadth is six meters, and it weighs 495 tons. Its maximum speed is 12.4 knots (23 kilometers per hour). It has four masts, seven sails and ten cannons.

The flags of the Philippines, Spain and the Spanish autonomous community of Andalusia, where the galleon was built, are hoisted on the galleon.

Galeon Andalucia is primarily wind-powered, but has two built-in engines that are used when necessary. It has a 30-man draft composed of Spanish crewmen.

Voyage

Galeon Andalucia left the port of Sevilla, Spain in March 2010 and arrived in Shanghai, China in June 2010 for the World Expo 2010. It left Shanghai in September 2010 and arrived in Manila on October 6.

Dia Del Galeon

Galeon Andalucia is the centerpiece of the Dia Del Galeon festival in the Philippines, which started on 21 September 2010. The festival is organized by the NCCA and the city government of Manila in commemoration of the 250 years of the Galleon Trade (1565-1815).

The Dia Del Galeon showcased an exchange of Spanish and Filipino culture, with exhibits, workshops, cultural performances, and educational discussions regarding the Galleon Trade.

History

Main article: Galleon trade

Galleons were huge sailing ships mainly used as cargo ships during the Galleon Trade. Aside from their primary use, galleons also served as the Spaniards' passenger and war ships.

Manila became the center of Galleon Trade route, being geographically in the middle of Spain and Acapulco, Mexico. The Galleon Trade is widely acknowledged to have been the first form of globalization, encompassing both eastern and western hemispheres.

It is said that out of 120 galleons recorded during the Galleon Trade, 102 were built in the Philippines. The Philippine-made galleons were built by Filipino workers free of charge under the Polo y Servicios.

References