Filipino Australians

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Filipino Australian
Kate Ceberano</br> Kate Ceberano
Total population
160,374 (by ancestry, 2006)<ref name="2006 Australian Bureau of Statistics">2006 Census Tables by Topic.</ref>
Regions with significant populations
Primarily Sydney; New South Wales
Languages
Australian English, Tagalog, Other Philippine Languages
Religions
Roman Catholicism, Protestantism and Others
Related ethnic groups
Filipino people, Overseas Filipinos

Filipino Australians are Australians who are either migrants or descended from migrants from the Philippines. In the 2001 Australian census, 129,821 respondents returned themselves as Filipino, accounting for 0.6 per cent of responses<ref>Chair</ref>.

Filipinos are colloquially called Filos, a shortened version of Filipino.

The Philippines is a major source of permanent migrants to Australia. In 2005-06 the country was the fifth largest source of migrants behind the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China and India.<ref>Migration: permanent additions to Australia's population. 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2007. Australian Bureau of Statistics (7 August 2007). Retrieved on 2008-05-30.</ref>

The census recorded 103,990 Philippines-born persons resident in Australia, females accounted for 65.5% while males at 34.5% of the Filipino Australian population.<ref name = CIS>The Philippines-born Community. Publications: Statistics - Community Information Summaries. Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.</ref>.

According to census data, 50.2 per cent of the Philippines-born were resident in New South Wales (52,240), followed by 21.6 per cent in Victoria (22,500), 14.9 per cent in Queensland (15,450) and 5.2 per cent in Western Australia. It is likely that the Filipino Australian children of the Philippines-born also share this settlement pattern; thus Filipino Australians are far more likely than the Australian population as a whole to live in New South Wales (50.2 per cent of Filipino Australians compared to only 33.8 per cent of all Australians).

They are the non-Hispanic ethnic group with Spanish surnames next to Spanish Australians and Latin American Australians (except Brazilian Australians).

Contents

Community History

Filipinos were excluded from entering Australia under the White Australia Policy. As a consequence, their numbers in Australia remained minimal — confined to descendants of those few Filipinos who had migrated to the north west pearling areas of Western Australia and the sugar cane plantations of Queensland prior to 1901 — until the abolition of racially selective immigration policies in 1966.<ref name = CIS/> The 1901 census had recorded 700 Filipinos in Australia.<ref name = CIS/>

Martial law in the Philippines — declared in 1972 — and the renunciation of the White Australia Policy made Australia an attractive destination for Filipino emigrants, particularly skilled workers. Many Filipinas also settled in Australia from the 1970s onward as the spouses of Australian citizens. Marriages of brides born in the Philippines to long-time Australians rose very sharply from 1978, peaked in 1986, and remained high as at 2000, despite a dip in the early 1990s.<ref>Family Formation: Cultural diversity in marriages. 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.</ref> The 1980s were the period of the greatest Filipino immigration, with 1987-1988 being the peak year.<ref name = CIS/>

In Sydney, the City of Blacktown, Filipino people comprise 25% of the population, making it the third largest ethnic group in Blacktown.

Notable Filipino Australians

References

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External links



Original Source

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