Elections in the Philippines

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The Philippines elects on national level a head of state: the President, and a legislature. The president is elected for a six year term by the people. The vice-president is elected at the same time at a separate ballot. The Philippines elects on a local level governors, vice governors, board members, mayors up to the barangay officials and the Sangguniang Kabataan members which is mandated in the current Constitution of the Philippines and the Local Government Code of 1991.

The Congress or Kongreso has two chambers. The House of Representatives or Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan has currently 235 seats elected for three-year terms, of which 212 seats are contested in single seat constituencies and, 23 are allotted to party-lists according to proportional representation, which are only accessible to marginalized and under-represented groups and parties. The Philippine constitution prohibits the House of Representatives to have more than 250 members. The Senate or Senado has 24 members who are elected for six-year terms at-large and do not represent any geographical district. Half of the Senate is renewed every three years.

The Philippines has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The Commission on Elections is responsible for running the elections.

Under the Constitution, general elections for the President, Vice President, Congress and local officials occurs after the President and Vice President finishes their terms. While the Congressional elections occurs on mid-term of the incumbent President. Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections are now done at the same time after the Congressional elections.

Contents

Upcoming national and local elections

2004 general elections

2004 Presidential election

Candidate Party Votes %
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino / Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats/ Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan 12,905,808 39.99
Fernando Poe, Jr. Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino/Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino 11,782,232 36.51
Panfilo Lacson Independent 3,510,080 10.88
Raul Roco Aksyon Demokratiko 2,082,762 6.45
Eduardo Villanueva Bangon Pilipinas Movement 1,988,218 6.16
Total 32,269,100 100.0
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the final official congressional canvass of the 10 May 2004 Philippine Vice Presidential election election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Noli de Castro K4 15,100,431 49.80
Loren Legarda KNP 14,218,709 46.90
Herminio Aquino Aksyon Demokratiko 981,500 3.24
Rodolfo Pajo Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 22,244 0.06
Total 30,322,884 100.0

Breakdown

Based on the official canvass of the Congress of the Philippines

Province Arroyo Poe Lacson Roco Villanueva
Abra 32,644 50,866 11,256 2,251 3,741
Agusan del Norte 138,402 66,125 12,585 7,152 18,680
Agusan del Sur 100,998 61,949 10,905 4,643 15,649
Aklan 87,197 84,080 11,247 8,830 10,158
Albay 172,777 74,711 23,079 197,345 11,802
Antique 92,992 63,650 10,586 12,024 9,260
Apayao 15,018 15,789 4,195 787 2,992
Aurora 16,755 42,282 7,492 1,911 4,754
Basilan 79,702 48,685 4,796 2,290 824
Bataan 65,955 171,070 28,646 12,447 16,970
Batanes 4,198 2,166 442 426 197
Batangas 264,007 377,915 141,122 46,520 66,540
Benguet
    •  Baguio City
56,894
32,546
19,996
17,809
20,336
23,928
8,806
8,017
19,434
12,577
Biliran 27,865 27,133 2,909 1,771 3,675
Bohol 337,336 94,380 17,175 26,660 20,166
Bukidnon 191,409 149,987 24,333 11,107 28,003
Bulacan 237,080 505,164 131,759 69,139 106,065
Cagayan 142,653 166,209 49,141 11,065 17,953
Camarines Norte 46,641 70,566 13,240 37,846 6,462
Camarines Sur 117,427 89,080 16,894 351,868 13,979
Camiguin 21,760 15,093 1,959 1,058 1,606
Capiz 149,832 86,023 12,040 12,828 13,129
Catanduanes 17,358 39,342 4,657 32,635 4,399
Cavite 183,719 239,749 347,539 46,925 76,213
Cebu
    •  Cebu City
965,630
220,060
123,099
58,591
46,056
22,055
42,213
15,251
31,812
11,715
Compostela Valley 94,867 80,544 17,673 5,911 14,935
Davao del Norte 131,537 133,018 32,253 8,391 15,658
Davao del Sur
    •  Davao City
115,728
193,880
154,144
192,074
20,667
49,400
7,037
18,434
13,055
29,803
Davao Oriental 82,098 67,006 7,607 3,964 10,581
Eastern Samar 75,049 73,439 6,377 3,779 7,232
Guimaras 44,987 6,528 2,215 4,011 2,814
Ifugao 29,404 13,941 10,023 2,283 13,558
Ilocos Norte 42,488 104,695 80,077 4,941 15,091
Ilocos Sur 140,736 76,040 41,524 10,493 12,570
Iloilo
    •  Iloilo City
512,812
105,597
82,244
35,251
34,470
10,477
44,229
10,930
26,773
12,071
Isabela 153,791 250,988 74,992 12,491 23,712
Kalinga 33,261 18,461 12,688 3,110 11,769
La Union 56,902 169,415 53,595 9,771 15,194
Laguna 195,340 477,630 121,600 68,296 87,757
Lanao del Norte 130,485 137,597 25,308 8,667 12,520
Lanao del Sur 158,748 50,107 9,987 11,156 2,012
Leyte 332,715 250,831 43,755 24,167 21,407
Maguindanao
    •  Cotabato City
199,431
8,510
63,313
29,417
15,199
10,925
7,222
2,107
2,183
1,847
Marinduque 24,676 43,861 13,242 3,240 4,730
Masbate 112,711 94,741 6,139 25,452 12,896
Metro Manila
    •  Caloocan City
    •  Las Piñas City
    •  Makati City
    •  Malabon-Navotas
    •  Mandaluyong
    •  Manila
    •  Marikina
    •  Muntinlupa City
    •  Parañaque City
    •  Pasay City
    •  Pasig City
    •  Quezon City
    •  San Juan
    •  Taguig-Pateros
    •  Valenzuela City

86,016
60,117
65,750
43,952
34,163
186,704
43,084
40,337
53,549
39,888
61,385
223,768
13,647
53,445
42,211

151,281
58,241
81,306
106,919
42,116
269,114
50,178
60,735
54,417
63,529
91,432
258,382
16,534
74,672
73,533

69,774
34,080
51,194
33,474
21,428
140,039
25,275
29,193
35,366
35,814
41,527
161,053
13,596
41,065
32,002

30,998
16,856
19,133
11,999
9,165
38,960
12,423
15,486
17,493
13,249
22,629
61,169
3,340
18,700
15,499

34,275
20,474
26,035
16,178
12,746
61,214
16,812
18,872
19,531
14,940
26,012
78,195
6,042
18,696
17,877
Misamis Occidental 125,300 69,481 8,566 6,714 15,882
Misamis Oriental
    •  Cagayan de Oro City
111,401
62,133
180,123
77,778
13,276
13,013
8,695
8,077
16,944
14,139
Mountain Province 24,919 11,564 9,765 4,416 9,378
Negros Occidental
    •  Bacolod City
479,211
105,712
283,926
51,044
31,994
12,040
35,838
11,024
48,651
21,925
Negros Oriental 260,291 119,588 12,134 11,686 23,829
North Cotabato 131,749 171,950 72,417 9,115 19,037
Northern Samar 57,306 122,485 7,837 3,490 6,807
Nueva Ecija 160,438 476,220 90,426 20,710 34,696
Nueva Vizcaya 40,721 57,151 35,670 4,726 12,103
Occidental Mindoro 34,267 78,668 15,670 4,302 9,270
Oriental Mindoro 81,691 124,258 26,188 9,075 21,987
Palawan 54,645 185,538 18,557 12,847 19,932
Pampanga 642,712 84,720 19,881 16,173 35,779
Pangasinan 445,230 487,463 62,397 30,770 52,474
Quezon 170,853 336,488 69,261 33,747 35,475
Quirino 21,185 24,574 6,746 1,896 6,077
Rizal 156,356 324,703 106,063 52,203 61,043
Romblon 41,562 45,909 8,649 2,611 9,645
Samar 84,754 167,974 11,441 4,909 8,967
Sarangani 46,893 66,718 17,258 3,461 8,231
Siquijor 27,629 10,174 1,773 981 1,715
Sorsogon 73,724 97,040 10,277 87,025 8,119
South Cotabato 91,508 188,143 105,410 15,423 29,912
Southern Leyte 125,096 28,138 6,258 3,365 5,824
Sultan Kudarat 126,622 40,714 60,189 3,214 6,029
Sulu 78,429 60,807 5,095 1,903 418
Surigao del Norte 123,986 70,440 17,158 3,179 12,030
Surigao del Sur 114,075 68,192 10,481 4,863 16,924
Tarlac 210,171 166,248 40,833 17,847 29,461
Tawi-Tawi 33,634 49,803 2,379 1,383 321
Zambales 75,085 146,974 34,540 12,846 14,669
Zamboanga del Norte 207,175 107,330 8,750 11,086 13,467
Zamboanga del Sur 203,122 96,556 9,654 5,632 20,213
Zamboanga Sibugay
    •  Zamboanga City
65,836
61,705
95,677
142,236
3,913
29,422
2,707
7,472
14,077
8,311
Absentee voters 106,058 46,254 29,254 26,355 27,635
Total 12,905,808 11,782,232 3,510,080 2,082,762 1,988,218


2004 House election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines election results
Parties Seats
This is the division of seats as published on the website of the House of Representatives.
The first party affiliation mentioned is counted. This is not the result of the elections.
Lakas-Christian and Muslim Democrats (Power-Christian and Muslim Democrats) 79
Nationalist People's Coalition 40
Liberal Party 34
Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino 26
Nacionalista Party {Nationalist Party) 12
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino {Struggle for Democratic Filipinos} 7
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (Force of the Philippines Masses) 2
Democratic Socialist Party of the Philippines (Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas) 2
Buhay 2
Democratic Action (Aksyon Demokratiko) 1
Partido Demokratikong Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (Philippines Democratic Party-National Struggle) 1
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (New Society Movement) 1
Sarro 1
Partido ng Demokratikong Reporma-Lapiang Manggagawa (Democratic Reform Party) 1
Alayon 1
Partido Magdala 1
Akbayan ! Citizens' Action Party 3
Bayan Muna (Nation First) 3
Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives 3
Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) 2
Butil Farmers Party 1
Coop 1
VFP 1
Amin 1
Ave 1
Alagad 1
Gabriela Women's Party 1
An Waray 1
Workers' Party (Partido ng Manggagawa) 1
Alif 1
Citizen's Battle Against Corruption (Cibac) 1
Non-partisans 4
Total 235
Source: Congress Web site
[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 House of Representatives of the Philippines Party-List election result
Party-list Votes %
Below is the result of the party-list vote. Most seats in the Congress are not elected through the party list system
Bayan Muna 1,203,305 9.4585
Association of Philippine Electric Cooperatives 934,995 7.3495
Akbayan ! Citizens' Action Party 852,473 6.7008
Buhay 705,730 5.5473
Anakpawis 538,396 4.2320
Citizen's Battle Against Corruption 495,193 3.8924
Gabriela Women's Party 464,586 3.6518
Partido ng Manggagawa 448,072 3.5220
Butil Farmers Party 429,259 3.3742
Alliance of Volunteer Educators 343,498 2.7000
Alagad 340,977 2.6802
Veterans Freedom Party 340,759 2.6785
Cooperative NATCCO Network Party 270,950 2.1298
Anak Mindanao 269,750 2.1204
Ang Laban ng Indiginong Filipino 269,345 2.1172
An Waray 268,164 2.1079
ABA-AKO 251,597 1.9777
Alliance for Nationalism and Democracy 244,137 1.9190
Senior Citizens/Elderly 236,571 1.8595
Philippines Guardians Brotherhood, Inc. 213,662 1.6795
Anak ng Bayan 213,068 1.6748
Trade Union Congress Party 201,396 1.5831
Sanlakas 189,517 1.4897
Bigkis Pinoy Movement 186,264 1.4641
Suara Bangsamoro 164,494 1.2930
Cocofed - Philippine Coconut Producers Federation, Inc. 163,952 1.2887
Sagip-Katwa Foundation, Inc. 161,797 1.2718
Aksyon Sambayan 156,467 1.2299
People's Movement against Poverty 144,740 1.1377
Barangay Association for National Advancement and Transparency 143,454 1.1276
Abay Pamiliya Foundation, Inc. 133,952 1.0529
SMILE 133,425 1.0488
Abanse! Pinay 115,855 0.9107
Total 12,721,952
Source: COMELEC

2004 Senatorial election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 10 May 2004 Senate of the Philippines election results
Rank Candidate Party Votes
1. Manuel Roxas II K-4 - Liberal Party 19,372,888
2. Ramon Revilla Jr. K-4 - Lakas CMD 15,801,531
3. Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. KNP / PDP-LABAN 13,519,998
4. Maria Ana Consuelo Madrigal KNP - Independent 13,253,692
5. Richard Gordon K-4 - Lakas CMD 12,707,151
6. Pilar Juliana Cayetano K-4 - Lakas CMD 12,542,054
7. Miriam Defensor-Santiago K-4 - PRP 12,187,401
8. Alfredo Lim KNP - Independent 11,286,428
9. Juan Ponce Enrile KNP - PMP 11,191,162
10. Jinggoy Estrada KNP - PMP 11,094,120
11. Manuel Lapid K-4 - Lakas CMD 10,970,941
12. Rodolfo Biazon K-4 - Liberal Party 10,635,270
13. Robert Barbers K-4 - Lakas CMD 10,624,585
14. Ernesto Maceda KNP - NPC 9,944,328
15. John Henry Osmeña K-4 - Independent 9,914,179
16. Orlando S. Mercado K-4 - Independent 8,295,024
17. Robert Jaworski K-4 - Lakas-CMD 6,921,425
18. Maria Elisa Anson-Roa KNP - PMP 5,873,845
19. Francisco Tatad KNP - LDP 5,718,740
20. Heherson Alvarez Independent 4,791,085
21. Ernesto Herrera KNP - Independent 4,612,036
22. Perfecto Yasay Jr. Aksyon Demokratiko 4,408,808
23. Francisco Chavez Aksyon Demokratiko 4,286,838
24. Carlos M. Padilla Independent (LDP Aquino Wing) 3,863,693
25. Salvador Escudero III KNP - Independent / NPC 3,780,469
26. Amina Rasul KNP / PDP-LABAN 3,456,480
27. Jose Sonza Aksyon Demokratiko 2,839,442
28. Parouk Hussin K-4 - Lakas-CMD 2,821,522
29. Didagen Dilangalen KNP - PMP 2,222,069
30. Melanio Mauricio Aksyon Demokratiko 1,144,279
31. Pilar Pilapil Independent 692,137
32. Eduardo Nonato Joson Aksyon Demokratiko 631,041
33. Edgar Ilarde Independent 527,865
34. Nicanor Gatmaytan Jr. Aksyon Demokratiko 453,693
35. Olivia Coo Aksyon Demokratiko 338,846
36. Oliver Lozano KBL 238,272
37. Alvin Alvincent Almirante KBL 206,097
38. Ramon Montaño Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 159,735
39. Matuan Usop Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 137,376
40. Angel Rosario Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 98,932
41. Ismael Aparri Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 97,430
42. Norma Nueva KBL 96,129
43. Carmen X. Borja Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 95,755
44. Pendatun Decampong Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 94,713
45. Gerardo del Mundo Independent 88,962
46. El Cid Fajardo Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 79,471
47. Iderlina Pagunuran Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 59,712
48. Arturo Estuita Partido Isang Bansa Isang Diwa 39,094
Note: A total of 48 candidates ran for senator. Source: Philippine Commission on Elections


2007 Senatorial Election

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 14 May 2007 Senate of the Philippines election results
Candidate Party Votes
Loren Legarda Genuine Opposition - NPC 18,264,410
Francis Joseph Escudero Genuine Opposition - NPC 18,008,264
Panfilo Lacson Genuine Opposition - GO 15,360,022
Manuel Villar Genuine Opposition - NP 15,116,699
Francis Pangilinan Independent - LP 14,336,017
Benigno Aquino III Genuine Opposition - LP 14,160,366
Persida Rueda-Acosta Genuine Opposition - LP 14,155,300
Edgardo Angara TEAM Unity - LDP 12,347,196
Alan Peter Cayetano Genuine Opposition - NP 11,689,427
Joker Arroyo TEAM Unity - KAMPI 11,506,368
Gregorio Honasan Independent 11,427,400
Antonio Trillanes IV Genuine Opposition - GO 11,093,463
Aquilino Pimentel III Genuine Opposition - PDP-Laban 10,809,232
Juan Miguel Zubiri TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 10,697,825
Ralph Recto TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 10,422,089
Jose Miguel Arroyo TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 10,400,030
Rico Hizon Genuine Opposition - Independent 9,555,310
Michael Defensor TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 9,667,713
Prospero Pichay Jr. TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 9,466,975
Sonia Roco Genuine Opposition - AD 8,394,174
Cesar Montano TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 7,631,874
Tito Sotto TEAM Unity - NPC 7,370,344
John Henry Osmeña Genuine Opposition - GO 7,188,242
Vic Magsaysay TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 6,216,740
Nikki Coseteng Genuine Opposition - Independent 5,235,564
Tessie Aquino-Oreta TEAM Unity - NPC 4,247,216
Luis Chavit Singson TEAM Unity - Lakas-CMD 4,118,668
Richard Gomez Independent 2,693,663
Jamalul Kiram III TEAM Unity - PDSP 2,371,238
Mel Chavez Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 833,151
Martin Bautista Ang Kapatiran 754,577
Zosimo Paredes II Ang Kapatiran 707,807
Joselito Cayetano* Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 504,820
Adrian Sison Ang Kapatiran 399,137
Oliver Lozano Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 302,564
Antonio Estrella Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 282,760
Victor Wood Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 279,946
Felix Cantal PGRP 120,217
Orpilla, Eduardo Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 106,716
Enciso, Ruben Kilusang Bagong Lipunan 99,251
Note: A total of 37 candidates ran for senator.<ref>Joselito "Pepito" "Peter" "Jojo" Cayetano has been declared a nuisance candidate, but he could file at the Supreme Court, so the Cayetano issue is not resolved.</ref> Source: COMELEC.gov.ph website

Past elections and referenda

Philippine general elections Flag of Philippines
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Philippine local elections Flag of Philippines
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Elections and plebiscites for the autonomous regions Flag of Philippines
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See also

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