Eddie Romero

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Eddie Romero (7 July 1924–28 May 2013) was a profilic and award-winning Filipino filmmaker, screenwriter, film director, producer, and National Artist for Cinema and Broadcast Arts. He has devoted his life to the art and commerce of cinema, spanning three generations of filmmakers. He was known for films that tackled Philippine history, politics, and culture.

Contents

Early life and education

Romero was born on 7 July 1924 in Dumaguete to Pilar Sinco, a teacher, and Jose Romero, a former member of the House of the Representatives, Secretary of the Department of Education (DOE), and Philippine Ambassador to London.

He studied at an elementary school in Dumaguete, at Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU), at University of the Philippines (UP) High School, and at the Siliman University High School in Dumaguete. He obtained his bachelor of arts degree from UP, completed the associate in arts (pre-law) program at Siliman University, and was given an honorary degree (Doctor of Humane Letters) by the Foundation University in Dumaguete.


Career

Romero wrote scripts and directed films. Among his first few films were Ang Kamay ng Diyos (1947); Hindi Kita Malimot (1948); Ang Selosa (1948); Apoy sa Langit (1949); Abogada (1949); and Ang Asawa Kong Americana (1953). Ang Asawa Kong Americana was the first Filipino film to win in the Asian Film Festival. He was also known for directing films that featured the love team of Pancho Magalona and Tita Duran: Always, Kay Ganda Mo (1949); Kasintahan sa Pangarap (1951); and Ang Ating Pag-ibig (1953).

In 1953, Romero left Sampaguita Pictures after they changed his name in his last film. He then dared to make the films he wanted. He did comedies like Torpe and Maria Went To Town, and B-movie (low-budget movie) collaborations with Gerry de Leon, which particularly catered to American audiences. In 1957, he was able to make B-movies and horror films in the US like Man on the Run, The Scavengers, and Terror is a Man. Two of his last films in the US became cult classics. These were The Brides of Blood Island and Mad Doctor of Blood Island.

In the mid-1970s, he decided to come home upon becoming excited over the works of Ishmael Bernal and Lino Brocka. His comeback film was Ganito Kami Noon... Paano Kayo Ngayon? where Kulas was his first major character.

Romero served as chairman of the Film Committee of the National Commission on Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and deputy director of the Film Academy of the Philippines (FAP). He turned over the rights to Ganito Kami Noon... to the NCCA.

In 2009, he was one of the eight National Artists who participated in the Necrological Services for the National Artists Awards. It was a protest action against the Malacañang Palace for meddling in the selection process and including its own candidates in the year's awardees without due process.


Filmography

As Director

  • Kamay ng Diyos, Ang (1947)
  • Sabas, Ang Barbaro (1952)
  • Buhay Alamang (1952)
  • Indio, El (1953)
  • May Bakas ang Lumipas (1954)
  • Man on the Run (1958)
  • Pitong Gabi sa Paris (1960)
  • Lost Battalion (1961)
  • The Raiders of Leyte Gulf (1963)
  • Cavalry Command (1963) ... a.k.a. The Day of the Trumpet
  • Intramuros (1964) ... a.k.a. The Walls of Hell
  • Moro Witch Doctor (1964)
  • The Ravagers (1965) ... a.k.a. Hanggang May Kalaban (Philippines: Tagalog title)
  • The Passionate Strangers (1966)
  • Manila, Open City (1968)
  • Brides of Blood (1968) ... a.k.a. Brides of Blood Island ... a.k.a. Brides of Death ... a.k.a. Brides of the Beast ... a.k.a. Grave Desires (USA: reissue title) ... a.k.a. Island of the Living Horror (USA: TV title) ... a.k.a. Orgy of Blood ... a.k.a. Terror on Blood Island Mad Doctor of Blood Island (1968) ... a.k.a. Blood Doctor ... a.k.a. Grave Desires (USA: reissue title) ... a.k.a. Mad Doctor of Blood Island (USA: video title) ... a.k.a. Tomb of the Living Dead
  • Beast of the Yellow Night (1971)
  • Beast of Blood (1971) ... a.k.a. Beast of the Dead (USA: TV title) ... a.k.a. Blood Devils (UK) ... a.k.a. Horrors of Blood Island ... a.k.a. Return to the Horrors of Blood Island
  • Black Mama, White Mama (1972) ... a.k.a. Chained Women ... a.k.a. Chains of Hate ... a.k.a. Hot, Hard and Mean ... a.k.a. Women in Chains (USA: video title)
  • The Twilight People (1973) ... a.k.a. Beasts ... a.k.a. Island of the Twilight People
  • The Woman Hunt (1973) ... a.k.a. Escape (UK: video title) ... a.k.a. The Highest Bidder
  • Beyond Atlantis (1973) ... a.k.a. Sea Creatures
  • Savage Sisters (1974)
  • Ganito Kami Noon, Paano Kayo Ngayon? (1976)
  • Sudden Death (1977)
  • Sinong Kapiling? Sinong Kasiping? (1977)
  • Banta ng Kahapon (1977)
  • Agila (1979)
  • Palaban (1980)
  • Kamakalawa (1981)
  • Desire (1982/I)
  • Hari sa Hari, Lahi sa Lahi (1987) ... a.k.a. King and Emperor (International: English title)
  • A Case of Honor (1988)
  • Whiteforce (1988)
  • Faces of Love (2006)

As writer

  • Si, si, señorito (1947)
  • Paloma, La (1947)
  • Kamay ng Diyos, Ang (1947)
  • Kaaway ng Bayan (1947)
  • Hele Hele Bago Quiere (1947)
  • Sipag ay Yaman (1949)
  • Milagro ng Birhen ng mga Rosas (1949)
  • Camelia (1949)
  • Batalyon Trece (1949)
  • Buhay Alamang (1952) (screenplay)
  • The Scavengers (1959)
  • Lost Battalion (1961)
  • Cavalry Command (1963) ... a.k.a. The Day of the Trumpet
  • Intramuros (1964) ... a.k.a. The Walls of Hell
  • The Ravagers (1965) ... a.k.a. Hanggang May Kalaban (Philippines: Tagalog title) Moro Witch Doctor (1964)
  • The Passionate Strangers (1966) (screenplay)
  • Manila, Open City (1968)
  • Beast of the Yellow Night (1971)
  • Beast of Blood (1971) ... a.k.a. Beast of the Dead (USA: TV title) ... a.k.a. Blood Devils (UK) ... a.k.a. Horrors of Blood Island ... a.k.a. Return to the Horrors of Blood Island
  • The Twilight People (1973) ... a.k.a. Beasts ... a.k.a. Island of the Twilight People
  • Ganito Kami Noon, Paano Kayo Ngayon? (1976) (screenplay)
  • Sinong Kapiling? Sinong Kasiping? (1977)
  • Banta ng Kahapon (1977)
  • Durugin si Totoy Bato (1979) (screenplay)
  • Agila (1979) (screenplay)
  • Kamakalawa (1981)
  • Padrino, Ang (1985) (screenplay)
  • Hari sa Hari, Lahi sa Lahi (1987) ... a.k.a. King and Emperor (International: English title)


Awards and recognitions

  • Directorial prize of Maria Clara Awards, 1951
  • National Artist for Cinema and Broadcast Arts, 2003


Death

The 88-year old Romero had been in and out of the hospital for a few weeks before his death. He was first confined from 18 to19 May 2013 and was readmitted on the 23rd. The doctors said that he had a blot clot on the right side of his brain. Romero was reported to have been suffering from prostate cancer.

Romero's son said that he died peacefully. A wake was held at the Arlington Memorial Chapels on Araneta Avenue in Quezon City.

References


Citation

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