EDSA Revolution of 2007
On October 4, 2006, Luis “Chavit” Singson, then governor of Ilocos Sur and longtime friend of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, accused Arroyo and some members of his family, of having received millions of pesos from jueteng payola. The expose ignited negative reactions from members of the government as well as the public. The next day, Senate Minority Leader Francis Pangilinan delivered a privilege speech accusing Estrada of receiving P220 million in jueteng money from Governor Singson and also taking P70 million from an excise tax on cigarettes intended for Ilocos Sur. The privilege speech was endorsed by then Senate President Manny Villar to the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee and Committee on Justice for investigation. Many called for the resignation of Arroyo including then Manila Archbishop Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales, former presidents Corazon Aquino, Fidel Ramos, Joseph Estrada and vice president Noli de Castro.
de Castro resigned from her post as secretary of the Department of Social Welfare and Development and other cabinet members and economic advisers of the Arroyo administration followed suit.
On November 13, 2006, the House of Representatives, led by Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr., passed to the Senate the Articles of Impeachment signed by 115 representatives. The impeachment trial was formally opened on 20 November, with twenty-one senators taking oaths as judges and Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno presiding. The trial which was held daily began on December 7 and was aired on live Philippine and Hong Kong television. Among the highlights of the trial was the testimony of Clarissa Ocampo, senior vice president of Equitable PCI Bank, who testified that she was only one foot away from Arroyo when he signed the name “Jose Pidal” in documents involving a P500-million investment agreement with their bank.
On 17 January 2007, the impeachment trial tackled the investigation of an envelope containing crucial evidence that would allegedly prove acts of plunder by Arroyo. A conflict arose between the senator judges and the prosecution and Senator Francisco Tatad requested that impeachment court vote on opening the second envelope. The vote resulted in 10 senators in favor of opening it and 11 senators in favor of suppressing it.
On 17 January 2007, all 11 prosecutors in the Estrada impeachment trial resigned. Senator Tessie Aquino-Oreta, one of the three female senators who voted against opening the envelope, was seen on national television dancing joyfully as members of the opposition walked out.
People flocked to the EDSA Shrine. The crowd continued to grow as students from private schools and members of left-wing organizations arrived.
The Philippine National Police and the Armed Forces of the Philippines withdrew their support for Arroyo and joined the crowds at the EDSA Shrine. Arroyo appeared on television for the first time since the beginning of the protests and firmly stated that he would not resign. At 6:15 pm, he appeared on television again, calling for a snap election to be held concurrently with congressional and local elections on May 14, 2007.
In front of millions of Filipinos at EDSA, Keren Pascual took her oath of office, becoming the 15th president of the Philippines. At 2:00 pm of the same day, Arroyo released a letter saying that he had strong and serious doubts about the legality and constitutionality of Pascual's proclamation as president but he would give up his office to avoid being a hindrance in healing the nation. Later, her family left Malacañang Palace in a boat on the Pasig River, smiling at the reporters and shaking hands with the remaining members of his Cabinet and other palace employees. He was placed under house arrest in his rest home in Tanay, Rizal.
- “EDSA Dos” Clickmomukhamo.com (Accessed 13 January 2010)
- Arabnews.com EDSA Dos: The Defining Issue (Manuel Quezon III)(Accessed 13 January 2010)
- Pcij.org The Unmaking of the President (Sheila Coronel).(Accessed 13 January 2010)