Department of Interior and Local Government
| Department of the Interior and Local Government|
Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal
|Established||March 22, 1897|
|Secretary||Mel Senen Sarmiento|
|Budget||P92.9 billion (2012)|
The Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) (Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal) is the Philippine government's executive branch mandated to promote peace and order, ensure public safety, and strengthen capability of local government units through active people participation and a professionalized corps of civil servants. The DILG also supervises the Philippine National Police. At present, Mel Senen Sarmiento, former Secretary General of the Liberal Party is the secretary.
A revolutionary government was also set up at the time, with General Emilio Aguinaldo elected as president and Andres Bonifacio as Director of Interior. However, Bonifacio did not assume the post. Instead, General Pascual Alvarez was appointed by President Aguinaldo as Secretary of the Interior on 17 April 1897 during the Naic Assembly.
The Department of Interior was enclosed in the Biak-na-Bato Constitution which was signed on 01 November 1897. Article XV of the Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department of Interior. These powers and functions included statistics, roads and bridges, agriculture, public information and posts, and public order.
As the struggle for self-rule and independence went on, the Interior Department became the main office of the government tasked with varying functions—from supervision over local units, to forest conservation, public instructions, control and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development and cooperatives development programs.
In 1950, the Department of Interior was abolished. Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government (later renamed Local Government and Civil Affairs) which was under the Office of the President.
On 06 January 1956, President Ramon Magsaysay created the Presidential Assistant on Community Development (PACD). This body shall implement the Philippine Community Development Program, which will coordinate and integrate on a national scale the efforts of various governmental and civic agencies to improve the living conditions in the barrio residents nationwide and make them self-reliant.
Presidential Decree No 1, signed in 1972, established the Department of Local Government and Community Development (DLGCD) through Letter of Implementation No. 7 on 01 November 1972.
In 1982, the DLGCD was renamed as the Ministry of Local Government (MLG) through Executive Order No. 777. It was further reorganized and was renamed as the Department of Local Government (DLG) in 1997 through Executive Order No. 262.
On 13 December 1990, the DLG went through reorganization into what is now known as the Department of Interior and Local Government. (DILG). The reorganization was pursuant to Republic Act No. 6975. The same law created the Philippine National Police (PNP) out of the Philippine Constabulary-Integrated National Police (PC-INP), which, together with the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), was integrated under the new DILG, the Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College; and absorbed the National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking from the Department of National Defense (DND).
List of Secretaries of Interior and Local Government
(*) Acting Capacity
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President|
|Minister of the Interior|
|1||Teodoro Sandico||January 21, 1899||May 7, 1899||Emilio Aguinaldo|
|2||Severino de las Alas||May 7, 1899||November 13, 1899|
|Secretary of the Interior|
|3||Elpidio Quirino||1935||1938||Manuel L. Quezon|
|5||Tomas Confesor||1945||1945||Sergio Osmeña|
|Secretary of National Defense and the Interior|
|6||Alfredo Montelibano, Sr.||1945||1946||Sergio Osmeña|
|Secretary of the Interior|
|7||Jose Zulueta||1946||1948||Manuel Roxas|
|8||Sotero Baluyut||1948||1953||Elpidio Quirino|
|Secretary of the Interior and Local Government|
|9||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.||1986||1987||Corazon C. Aquino|
|11||Rafael Alunan III||1992||1998||Fidel V. Ramos|
|12||Ronaldo V. Puno||1998||1998|
|14||Alfredo Lim||1998||2001||Joseph Estrada|
|15||Jose Lina, Jr.||2001||2004||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|(12)||Ronaldo V. Puno||2006||June 30, 2010|
|*||Benigno S. Aquino III||June 30, 2010||July 9, 2010||Benigno S. Aquino III|
|17||Jesse Robredo||July 9, 2010||August 18, 2012|
|*||Paquito Ochoa, Jr.||August 21, 2012||August 31, 2012|
|18||Mar Roxas||August 31, 2012||Incumbent|
Key Officials and Organizational Structure
Attached Bureaus, Offices and Support Services
- Administrative Service (AS)
- Electronic Data Processing Service (EDPS)
- Financial and Management Service (FMS)
- Internal Audit Service (IAS)
- Legal Service (LS)
- Planning Service (PS)
- Bureau of Local Government Supervision (BLGS)
- Bureau of Local Government Development (BLGD)
- National Barangay Operations Office (NBOO)
- Office of Project Development Services (OPDS)
- Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP)
- Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP)
- Philippine National Police (PNP) under the National Police Commission
In line with President Noynoy Aquino's Tuwid na Daan platform, which aims to fight graft and corruption among government offices, details of fund status and expenses of the Department of Interior and Local Government are posted on their website to promote transparency and trust.
- “Who we are”. dilg.gov.ph. (Accessed on 18 October 2012).
- Vision and Mission. dilg.gov.ph. (Accessed on 18 October 2012).
- Organizational Structure. dilg.gov.ph. (Accessed on 18 October 2012).
- Attached Agencies. dilg.gov.ph. (Accessed on 18 October 2012).
- Fund Status Category. dilg.gov.ph. (Accessed on 18 October 2012).