Department of Interior and Local Government

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Department of the Interior and Local Government
Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal
DILG Seal.png
Established March 22, 1897
Secretary Mel Senen Sarmiento
Budget P92.9 billion (2012)
Website www.dilg.gov.ph

The Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) (Kagawaran ng Interyor at Pamahalaang Lokal) is the Philippine government's executive branch mandated to promote peace and order, ensure public safety, and strengthen capability of local government units through active people participation and a professionalized corps of civil servants. The DILG also supervises the Philippine National Police. At present, Mel Senen Sarmiento, former Secretary General of the Liberal Party is the secretary.


Contents

History

The beginnings of the DILG are rooted in the Philippine Revolution of 1897, with the establishment of the first Department of Interior at the Tejeros Convention on 22 March, 1897.

A revolutionary government was also set up at the time, with General Emilio Aguinaldo elected as president and Andres Bonifacio as Director of Interior. However, Bonifacio did not assume the post. Instead, General Pascual Alvarez was appointed by President Aguinaldo as Secretary of the Interior on 17 April 1897 during the Naic Assembly.

The Department of Interior was enclosed in the Biak-na-Bato Constitution which was signed on 01 November 1897. Article XV of the Constitution defined the powers and functions of the Department of Interior. These powers and functions included statistics, roads and bridges, agriculture, public information and posts, and public order.

As the struggle for self-rule and independence went on, the Interior Department became the main office of the government tasked with varying functions—from supervision over local units, to forest conservation, public instructions, control and supervision over the police, counter-insurgency, rehabilitation, community development and cooperatives development programs.

In 1950, the Department of Interior was abolished. Its functions were transferred to the Office of Local Government (later renamed Local Government and Civil Affairs) which was under the Office of the President.

On 06 January 1956, President Ramon Magsaysay created the Presidential Assistant on Community Development (PACD). This body shall implement the Philippine Community Development Program, which will coordinate and integrate on a national scale the efforts of various governmental and civic agencies to improve the living conditions in the barrio residents nationwide and make them self-reliant.

Presidential Decree No 1, signed in 1972, established the Department of Local Government and Community Development (DLGCD) through Letter of Implementation No. 7 on 01 November 1972.

In 1982, the DLGCD was renamed as the Ministry of Local Government (MLG) through Executive Order No. 777. It was further reorganized and was renamed as the Department of Local Government (DLG) in 1997 through Executive Order No. 262.

On 13 December 1990, the DLG went through reorganization into what is now known as the Department of Interior and Local Government. (DILG). The reorganization was pursuant to Republic Act No. 6975. The same law created the Philippine National Police (PNP) out of the Philippine Constabulary-Integrated National Police (PC-INP), which, together with the National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM), was integrated under the new DILG, the Bureau of Fire Protection, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology and the Philippine Public Safety College; and absorbed the National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking from the Department of National Defense (DND).


List of Secretaries of Interior and Local Government

(*) Acting Capacity

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Minister of the Interior
1 Teodoro Sandico January 21, 1899 May 7, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo
2 Severino de las Alas May 7, 1899 November 13, 1899
Secretary of the Interior
3 Elpidio Quirino 1935 1938 Manuel L. Quezon
4 Rafael Alunan 1938 1940
5 Tomas Confesor 1945 1945 Sergio Osmeña
Secretary of National Defense and the Interior
6 Alfredo Montelibano, Sr. 1945 1946 Sergio Osmeña
Secretary of the Interior
7 Jose Zulueta 1946 1948 Manuel Roxas
8 Sotero Baluyut 1948 1953 Elpidio Quirino
Secretary of the Interior and Local Government
9 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. 1986 1987 Corazon C. Aquino
10 Cesar Sarino 1987 1992
11 Rafael Alunan III 1992 1998 Fidel V. Ramos
12 Ronaldo V. Puno 1998 1998
13 Epimaco Velasco 1998 1998
14 Alfredo Lim 1998 2001 Joseph Estrada
15 Jose Lina, Jr. 2001 2004 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
16 Angelo Reyes 2004 2006
(12) Ronaldo V. Puno 2006 June 30, 2010
* Benigno S. Aquino III June 30, 2010 July 9, 2010 Benigno S. Aquino III
17 Jesse Robredo July 9, 2010 August 18, 2012
* Paquito Ochoa, Jr. August 21, 2012 August 31, 2012
18 Mar Roxas August 31, 2012 Incumbent


Key Officials and Organizational Structure

DILG Organizational Chart


Attached Bureaus, Offices and Support Services

Services

  • Administrative Service (AS)
  • Electronic Data Processing Service (EDPS)
  • Financial and Management Service (FMS)
  • Internal Audit Service (IAS)
  • Legal Service (LS)
  • Planning Service (PS)

Bureaus

Agencies

Educational Institutions


Reforms

In line with President Noynoy Aquino's Tuwid na Daan platform, which aims to fight graft and corruption among government offices, details of fund status and expenses of the Department of Interior and Local Government are posted on their website to promote transparency and trust.


See also


References


External links