Datu Piang (formerly known as Dulawan) is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Maguindanao, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 67,303 people in 10,793 households.
Datu Piang is politically subdivided into 34 barangays.
Formerly known as Dulawan, Datu Piang was one of the contentious seats of power of the warring Maguindanao sultanates.
The municipality is named after a Muslim leader who rose to power during the American colonial occupation of the Philippines. Born of Chinese metisage, Datu Piang (sometimes referred to as Amai Mingka) was recognized as the undisputed Moro leader in Central Mindanao when the United States Army occupied and administered what was then referred to as Moroland.
Best known perhaps for his political prowess, he was acknowledged by the noted postcolonial Mindanao scholar Patricio Abinales as one of the first Moro leaders who successfully metamorphosized themselves from Orang Besars to colonial political figures. Datu Piang was successfully able to navigate himself to power through the colonizing forces of Spain and the United States, challenging the royal succession of the Maguindanao Sultanate, which was re-envigorated by his mentor, Sultan Anwar Ud din Otto (Datu Uto).
Datu Piang was able to accumulate wealth and establish a political base, which he left for American-groomed sons, Abdullah (the first Moro lawyer), Ugalingan, and Gumbay. His power apexed during the time of US Army administration, however, it was relegated back to the margins when the first Philippine Commonwealth President, Manuel L. Quezon, implemented a state centralization program in order to contain the centrifugal forces in the territories occupied by the United States.
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