- This article is about a province in the Philippines. For the city of the same name surrounded by the province of Maguindanao, see Cotabato City. For other uses, see Cotabato (disambiguation).
Cotabato, formerly North Cotabato, is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Kidapawan City and borders Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon to the north, Davao del Sur and Davao City, Sultan Kudarat to the south, and Maguindanao to the west.
|Region||SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)|
|Governor||Emmanuel F. Piñol|
|Area|| 6,565.9 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 958,643|
The name "Cotabato" is derived from either the Maguindanao kuta wato or Malay kota batu, meaning "stone fort", giving somewhat an insight into its precolonial history.
The former province of Cotabato was once the largest in the Philippines. In 1966, South Cotabato was branched off as a separate province. On November 22, 1973, a Presidential Decree divided the remaining province into North Cotabato, Maguindanao, and Sultan Kudarat.
North Cotabato was renamed Cotabato on December 19, 1983.
The native Maguindanaon of Cotabato province have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.
- Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang Music. Has chapters devoted to kulintang instrumentation, styles and uses by the Maguindanaon and other Southern Pilipino Groups.