Conflict Resolution Day
Conflict Resolution Day is an official Philippine holiday that was created when President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo approved Proclamation No. 1152 on 9 October 2006. It is celebrated every year on the third Thursday of October and is also celebrated during this month in various parts of the world.
It is intended to promote awareness of mediation, arbitration, conciliation and other non-violent, creative methods of resolving conflict, as well as to recognize the achievements of conflict resolvers who have utilized these methods.
Proclamation No. 1152
Proclamation No. 1152, “Declaring and designating the third Thursday of every year as “Conflict Resolution Day,” was signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on 9 October 2006 and verified by Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita.<ref name="procone">(Arroyo, G.M.). Proclamation No. 1152, 2006.</ref> It states the importance of the creation of the holiday due to conflict resolution's implementation in different private and public situations not only by professionals but ordinary adults and children as well.
It officially declared the third Thursday of October of every year as “Conflict Resolution Day” for the purpose of celebration and education of the Filipino people about conflict mediation. It encourages mediators and advocates to conduct ceremonies, activities and educational programs to celebrate the day.<ref name="procone" />
Proc. 1152 makes no mention of whether the day will be a working or non-working holiday; it will presumably be up to various organizations and educational establishments whether they will cancel all activities to celebrate Conflict Resolution Day.
Republic Act No. 9285
Conflict Resolution Day was created to celebrate the adoption of Republic Act No. 9285, “An act to institutionalize the use of an alternative dispute resolution system in the Philippines and to establish the office for alternative dispute resolution, and for other purposes.”<ref name="ranine">(n.a.). Republic Act No. 9285, 2004.</ref>
The Alternative Dispute Resolution Act of 2004 encourages the use of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) system in the country and requires the government to enlist the aid of active private sector participation, or the hiring of mediators, in the settlement of disputes through ADR.<ref name="ranine" />
R.A. 9285 says the adoption of ADR will help in the achievement of “speedy and impartial justice” and also “declog court dockets” because it can help settle disagreements outside of court in certain cases.<ref name="ranine" />
The bill was passed by Senate and the House of Representatives on 4 February 2004. It was signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on 2 April 2004.<ref>(Congress). Republic Act No. 9285 (Full Text), 2004.</ref>
Executive Order No. 523
It is an institutionalization of the implementation of ADR in settling disputes or formulating agreements with other nations.
Organizations such as the Association for Conflict Resolution Philippines (ACR, Phils.), an umbrella organization for several conflict resolution advocacy groups and individuals, such as the Conflict Resolution Group Foundation Inc. (CoRe), regularly hold activities to celebrate Coflict Resolution Day.<ref>(ACR, Phils.). Homepage, 2007. </ref>
One such celebration will take place on 19 October 2008. ACRP will lead supporters of alternative conflict resolution, including trained mediators from the Executive branch of government, in a walk along the Quezon City Memorial Circle to advocate for non-adversarial means of resolving conflict, primarily mediation.<ref>(Vibar, IJ). Talk is cheap, war is not in the Philippine Online Chronicles, 2008. </ref>
- ACR, Phils. (2007). ACR, Phils. Homepage. Association for Conflict Resolution Philippines. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- Arroyo, G.M. (9 October 2006). Proclamation No. 1152. Supreme Court e-Library. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- Congress. (2 April 2004). Republic Act No. 9285 (Full Text). Professional Regulatory Commission: Professional Regulatory Board of Architecture. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- CoRe Group. (2007). CoRe Group Homepage. Conflict Resolution Group Foundation, Inc. Website. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- Marcos, F. (11 February 1979). Executive Order No. 523. LawPhil Project: Arellano Law Foundation. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- Vibar, IJ. (7 October 2008). Talk is cheap, war is not. The Philippine Online Chronicles. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.
- n.a. (2 April 2004). Republic Act No. 9285. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved on 10 October 2008.