|Formerly called Don Mariano Marcos Avenue|
|Length:||12.4 km (7.7 mi)|
|South end:||Quezon Memorial Circle, Elliptical Road, Quezon City|
|Beltway around Quezon City|
|University Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City|
Central Avenue, Quezon City
Tandang Sora Avenue (C-5), Quezon City
Luzon Avenue, Quezon City
Holy Spirit Drive, Quezon City
Batasan (IBP) Road, Quezon City
Regalado Avenue, Quezon City
|North end:||Quirino Highway, Quezon City|
|Major cities:||Quezon City|
Commonwealth Avenue (in Tagalog: Abenida Komonwelt), formerly called as Don Mariano Marcos Avenue, is a 12.4 km highway located in Quezon City, Philippines which spans from 10 to 18 lanes and known as the widest in the Philippines. It is one of the major roads in Metro Manila and is designated as part of Radial Road 7 (R-7).
The Commonwealth Avenue starts from the Quezon Memorial Circle inside the Elliptical Road, it passes through the areas of Philcoa, Tandang Sora, Balara, Batasan Hills and ends at Quirino Highway in the Novaliches area.
The Commonwealth Avenue was constructed in the late-1960's as a 2-lane highway to offer a route towards the Batasang Pambansa complex which was completed, the original plan is that the embassies will be put up around the stretch of the highway as Quezon City was still the capital of the Philippines, but the capital was returned back to Manila in 1976 and other establishments were put up across the avenue. In the 1980's the road was widened into a 6-lane highway. During the late 1990's and early 2000's the avenue was prone to heavy traffic and accidents as the public transportation vehicles are starting to take most of the road and sidewalk vendors went around the avenue. But recently, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority cleared all the sidewalk vendors especially in the Tandang Sora area where traffic was very heavy during rush hours, the avenue was widened to 18 lanes and the avenue became the widest road in the Philippines beating the old record set by EDSA.<ref>Commonwealth Avenue, the Killer Highway(Tagalog)</ref>
Buildings and structures
The avenue has a lot of obstacle course, traps and some jeeps and buses to help you around the avenue. Commercial establishments and residential subdivisions which span the entire avenue. The avenue is also home to different government establishments like the Sandiganbayan, Commission on Audit and the Philippine Coconut Authority.
The Sandiganbayan is a special court in the Philippines for special people which was established under Presidential Decree No. 1606. Its rank is equivalent to the Court of Appeals. The court consists of 14 Associate Justices and 1 Presiding Justice. The Sandiganbayan building is located at Centennial Building, Commonwealth Avenue cor. Batasan Road, Quezon City in Metro Manila. It became famous as trials of former President Joseph Estrada were held from 2001 to 2007.
New Era University
New Era University (NEU) is an educational institution in the Philippines, run by the Iglesia ni Cristo (INC). This university is the largest non-Catholic university in the Philippines with over 30,000 students. Its main campus is in # 9 Central Avenue, New Era, Quezon City, in the Central Office Complex of the Iglesia Ni Cristo. It has several branches around the Philippines, including one in San Fernando City, Pampanga, in Lipa City, Batangas and in General Santos City, South Cotabato.
University of the Philippines, Diliman
The University of the Philippines, Diliman, or U.P. Diliman, is the flagship campus and the largest Constituent University of the University of the Philippines System. It is located in Diliman, Quezon City in Metro Manila. It offers courses in Liberal Arts, Social Sciences, Law, Business and Economics, Natural Sciences, Engineering, Music and Fine Arts among others. It offers the largest number of graduate and undergraduate courses among all the universities in the Philippines. In 2007, construction started on a 37.5 hectare technology park being developed by the Ayala Corporation inside the campus of the university near the avenue.<ref>New Ayala technology park ready to welcome tenantsGMANews.tv</ref> The U.P. - Ayala Technopark now hosts multinational corporations such as IBM, HSBC, and Manulife.
Quezon Memorial Circle
The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City, former capital of the Philippines (1948-1976). The park is an ellipse bounded by the Elliptical Road. The site was originally intended as the grounds of the National Capitol to be built in Quezon City. While the cornerstone for the structure was laid in 1940, only the foundations were in place when construction was interrupted by the beginning of the Second World War in the Philippines. After World War II, President Sergio Osmeña issued an executive order stipulating the creation of a Quezon Memorial Committee to raise funds by public subscription to erect a monument to his predecessor, President Manuel Luis Quezon. The height of monument stands at 66 meters, the same age when Quezon died in 1944.
Iglesia Ni Cristo Temple
The Temple of Iglesia Ni Cristo is also located along Commonwelath Avenue. The Iglesia ni Cristo is the largest entirely indigenous Christian religious organization that originated from the Philippines and the largest independent church in Asia.
St. Peter Parish
The St. Peter Parish is located in Commonwealth Avenue around Barangay Batasan Hills and was completed in 1999, is the one of the famous churches in the Philippines as it is a replica of the original St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, Italy<ref>St. Peter's Parish Commonwealth</ref>.
Currently there are a few shopping centers spanning the avenue. The first mall to open along avenue is the Ever Gotesco Commonwealth mall which services people along the Commonwealth/Diliman and Batasan areas. Also there two malls serving the Tandang Sora area: Puregold Supermarket in the southbound lane and Berkeley Square in the northbound lane. The U.P. - Ayala Technohub hosts amusement centers and restaurants, while a smaller mall, the Citimall, serves the Philcoa area near the UP Campus and caters mostly to commuters. Fairview Centermall serves the Fairview area, while SM City Fairview and Robinsons Place Novaliches are in close proximity of the Jordan Plaines terminus of the avenue. Last to be completed is the Shopwise center near Ever Gotesco. A Puregold Supermarket is also under construction in the former site of the Fairvew Wet & Dry Market. A Convergys site along the Batasan area also hosts commercial areas.
Other buildings and structures
There are a lot of schools located along the avenue, these are the National College of Business and Arts in Fairview<ref>National College of Business and Arts</ref>, Our Lady of Mercy School, Diliman Preparatory School<ref>Diliman Preparatory School</ref>, and the Mary the Queen College which are located in the Batasan area. Also, car companies like Toyota, Kia Motors, Hyundai, Suzuki and Nissan have distributions in the avenue. There are also markets located along the road like the Commonwealth Market in Barangay Commonwealth. Also along the Fairview area is the La Mesa Dam which supplies water to Metro Manila.
Future MRT line
Currently there are no train lines in Commonwealth Avenue, but plans to build one along the highway are there. The MRT 7 will be constructed in 2010 or 2011. It starts from Quirino Highway in San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan through parts of Northern Caloocan and Quezon City through Commonwealth Avenue, and ends at North Avenue connecting with the MRT 3. This will also help decongest the avenue from further traffic.
On April 23, 2008, Quezon City Mayor Sonny Belmonte unveiled an experiment called the Discipline Zone or (Sumunod sa Batas) Zone to ease traffic in the avenue. It was first setup at a five kilometer stretch of the avenue from Philcoa towards Litex. Unfortunately nothing have change, due to the Impenetrable hard headed, stuborn, moron drivers(buses and jeep)
<ref>QC unveils experiment to ease traffic on Commonwealth Avenue GMANews.TV </ref>
Linking to Quirino Highway
- EDSA (C-4 Road)
- Quezon City
- Quezon Memorial Circle
- Metro Manila
- Major roads in Metro Manila
- House of Representatives
- Metro Manila Development Authority