Coat of Arms of the Philippines

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Coat of Arms of the Philippines

The Coat of Arms of the Philippines features the eight-rayed sun of the Philippines with each ray representing the eight provinces (Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Manila, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Tarlac) which were placed under martial law by Governor-General Ramón Blanco during the Philippine Revolution, and the three five-pointed stars representing the three primary geographic regions of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. In the blue field on the left side is the Eagle of the United States, and in the red field on the right is the Lion-Rampant of Spain, both representing colonial history. The design is very similar to the design briefly adopted by the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1940. It is also used by the Philippine National Bank.

The national coat of arms was adopted, pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. 731, which was approved on July 3, 1946. The coat of arms was designed by Captain Galo B. Ocampo, secretary of the Philippine Heraldry Committee.<ref name="Congress">House of Representatives of the Philippines - Audience: Students - The National Coat of Arms. Retrieved on 2008-12-14.</ref>

The blazon of the coat of arms from the Philippine Government website is as follows:

Paleways of two (2) pieces, azure and gules; a chief argent studded with three (3) mullets equidistant from each other; and, in point of honor, ovoid argent over all the sun rayonnant with eight minor and lesser rays. Beneath shall be the scroll with the words "REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS," inscribed thereon.<ref>Gov.ph - Republic Act No. 8491. Retrieved on 2008-02-24.</ref>

The words on the scroll have undergone many changes since Philippine independence. From independence in 1946 until 1972, when President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, the scroll contained the words "REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES." From 1979 until the overthrow of Marcos in 1986, the scroll had the words "ISANG BANSA ISANG DIWA" ("One Nation, One Spirit") inscribed. After the overthrow of Marcos, the scroll changed to the current "REPUBLIKA NG PILIPINAS". On February 12, 1998, with the approval of Republic Act No. 8491, the eagle and lion on the lower half of the shield were not specified, and therefore removed. However, the modified arms are not in wide use, pending the ratification of the law by a national referendum called for that purpose, as mandated by the Philippine Constitution.

Early version of the coat of arms of the Philippines that the scroll written in English as "REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES", is used in government invoice, government institution seals (especially the Bureau of Immigration), markings in government-owned public vehicles funded by representatives, seals of the municipalities and (component) cities, and for use of embassies and consulates (or international version of Philippine coat of arms). The shade of azure was navy blue, as also suited with the Flag of United States.

Historically, the arms of Castile and Leon is the royal representation of the Philippines to the royal court of Spain. But the Spanish-descended Filipinos were proud that these two arms would represent Philippines.

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