City of San Fernando, Pampanga

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City of San Fernando, Pampanga
Landmarks
[[Image:{{{landmarkfile}}}|250px]]
Seal
Sanfernandopamp.jpg
Location
Ph locator pampanga san fernando.png
Government
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
Mayor Oscar Samson Rodriguez (Lakas-CMD)
Barangays 35
Website http://www.cityofsanfernando.gov.ph
Physical characteristics
Area 67.74 km²
Population
Total (2000) 221,857
Density 3275/km²

The City of San Fernando, (Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning San Fernando/Siudad ning San Fernando; Filipino: Lungsod ng San Fernando) is a 2nd class city in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. It is the capital city of Pampanga and the regional center of Central Luzon (Region III). The city is well known for its giant lanterns and it is also popularly known as the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines." In fact, an annual Giant Lantern Festival is held every December in the city.

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 221,857 people in 43,649 households. It is located 67 kilometers north of Manila, 50 kilometers east of Subic Bay in Zambales province, and 16 kilometers south of Clark Field in Angeles City. The city is positioned at the crossroads of Central Luzon. The city is named after Fernando VI and placed under the patronage of San Fernando III, King of Castile and Leon in Spain, whose feast is celebrated on May 30.

Contents

History

The town of San Fernando was created in 1754 from the towns of Bacolor and Mexico. The first church was built in 1755 with wooden walls and nipa roofing. Later in the year, the municipal tribunal was erected in front of the plaza using durable materials and thatched nipa roofing. Don Vidal de Arrozal served as its first gobernadorcillo that year.

In 1796, after serving as gobernadorcillo the previous year, Don Angel Pantaleon de Miranda retires to Barrio Saguin, from where he starts setting up his hacienda in Barrio Culiat. The barrio is separated from San Fernando on the December 8, 1829 as the new town of Angeles, with the Los Santos Angeles Custodios as titular patrons.

An expediente requesting the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga to San Fernando is signed on the August 6, 1852. Real Cedula 745 approving the transfer of the provincial capital of Pampanga from Bacolor to San Fernando is signed on the September 11, 1881. The said transfer would not materialize.

In 1878, moves were made to create the town of Calulut. This new town would be composed of Calulut and the neighboring barrios of Bulaun, Malpitic, Sindalan, La Paz, Lara, Saguin, Telabastagan, Balete, Malinao, Pulung Bulu, Panipuan, Macabacle and the caserio of Pau in San Fernando, and Panipuan, Acle, Suclaban and the sitio of Gandus in Mexico. This plan did not materialize due to strong opposition from the parish priest of San Fernando.

Governor-General Eulogio Despujol and Manila Archbishop Bernardino Nozaleda inaugurate the San Fernando railroad station on February 23, 1892 together with the Bagbag-Mabalacat stretch of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad. The station ranked second to Manila in revenues that year, and thus was the most important provincial station of the Manila-Dagupan Railroad. In the same year, national Hero Dr. Jose P. Rizal stops over in the town on June 27 as part of his mission to recruit members to the La Liga Filipina.

On September 1, 1896 the town is declared in a state of war despite the peaceful situation. Brigadier General Diego de los Rios arrives in the town on December 2 to calm the revolution that started in Manila on August 30. General Ruiz Serralde takes over the post of General Rios on June 26, 1897 to maintain the peace in San Fernando. The revolution was not yet at its height with occasional exchanges of fire in some places in Pampanga.

On June 26, 1898 representatives from all Pampanga towns, except Macabebe, gather in San Fernando to swear allegiance to Gen. Maximino Hizon who was the provincial military governor and representative of General Emilio Aguinaldo. On October 9, General Emilio Aguinaldo together with his cabinet visits the town and was welcomed with so much applause and enthusiastic cheering from the public. He proceeded to the convento which was serving as the military headquarters at that time.

Philippine Revolutionary troops led by General Antonio Luna burn the casa municipal, the town church and several houses on May 4, 1899 to render them useless to the approaching American forces. On June 16, due to the strategic location of the town, President Aguinaldo himself leads Filipino forces in the Battle for San Fernando. The plan to retake the town proved unsuccessful. Calulut falls to American forces on August 9.

By virtue of Act No. 1204 signed on July 22, 1904 the Pampanga provincial government is finally transferred to San Fernando from Bacolor on 15 August. This is done during the term of Governor Macario Arnedo and Municipal President Juan Sengson. The town of Minalin became part of San Fernando the same year. It will later regain its political independence in 1909. The town of Santo Tomas is consolidated with San Fernando on January 2, 1905 by virtue of Act 1208, after the officials take their oath.

US Secretary of War William H. Taft visits the town on August 12, 1904 to get first hand information and gather ideas for the governance of Pampanga. Due to the short notice, a bamboo pavilion was hastily constructed for his visit where he was welcomed with a banquet for 200 people. Taft would later be elected President of the United States.

The Pampanga Sugar Development Company (PASUDECO) sugar central begins operations in 1921. The company was formed in 1918 by large-scale planters such as Jose de Leon, Augusto Gonzales, Francisco Liongson, Tomas Lazatin, Tomas Consunji, Francisco Hizon, Jose Henson, and Manuel Urquico in the San Fernando residence of Governor Honorio Ventura as part of a plan to construct a locally financed central.

The Socialist Party of the Philippines is founded by Pedro Abad Santos in 1932. Two years later, he creates and heads the Aguman Ding Madlang Talapagobra (AMT). The Abad Santos compound in Barangay San Jose becomes the focal point of the peasant movement.

President Manuel L. Quezon proclaims his social justice program on February 14, 1939 before a gathering of farmers in front of the Municipal Government building.

In 1941, forces of the Japanese Imperial Army occupy the town and place the municipal government under its supervision. The next year, thousands of Filipino and American POWs walk from Bataan to the San Fernando Train Station in what will be know as the Bataan Death March.

In 1952, the town of Santo Tomas is separated from San Fernando.

Mayor Paterno Guevarra is sworn in as officer-in-charge of the town following the successful People Power Revolution in 1986 that topples the Marcos dictatorship. He is later elected municipal mayor.

President Corazon C. Aquino inaugurates Paskuhan Village in 1990, the first Christmas village in Asia and the third of its kind in the world. The next year, Mount Pinatubo erupts after over 600 years of dormancy hurling a layer of ash and volcanic debris on the town.

Typhoon Mameng strikes on October 1, 1995 unleashing floodwaters and mudflows from Mount Pinatubo into the town. The Barangays of Sto. Nino, San Juan, San Pedro Cutud and Magliman are severely damaged by lahar. The citizens of San Fernando rally to save the town by raising funds to build the St. Ferdinand People's Dike. The Megadike is constructed the next year, thus preventing further damage to the town. [1]

Former Mayors

[2]CAPITANES MUNICIPALES

  • 1755 Vidal de Arrozal
  • 1756 Tiburcio Cunanan
  • 1757 Vidal de Arrozal
  • 1758 Luis Catacutan
  • 1759 Juan David
  • 1760 Juan Yutuc
  • 1761 Domingo de Vera
  • 1762 Nicolas Capati
  • 1763 Tomas Aquino
  • 1764 Miguel de los Angeles
  • 1765 Agustin Dizon
  • 1766 Manuel Manaloto
  • 1767 Francisco Bautista
  • 1768 Miguel David
  • 1769 Nicolas Dizon
  • 1770 Mariano Singian de Miranda
  • 1771 Mateo David
  • 1772 Bernardo de Anunciacion
  • 1773 Francisco David
  • 1774 Agapito Singian
  • 1775 Vicente Concepcion
  • 1776 Eugenio Yutuc
  • 1777 Juan Lingat
  • 1778 Juan Lacson
  • 1779 Vicente Concepcion
  • 1780 Jose de Arrozal
  • 1781 Nicolas Tuason
  • 1782 Carlos Catacutan
  • 1783 Vicente David
  • 1784 Lucas David
  • 1785 Antonio Alonso del Rosario
  • 1786 Regino de Castro
  • 1787 Sebastian Manarang
  • 1788 Bernabe Pamintuan
  • 1789 Juan Dizon
  • 1790 Manuel Miranda
  • 1791 Vicente Dayrit
  • 1792 Nicolas Tuason
  • 1793 Jose de los Angeles
  • 1794 Vicente Quizon
  • 1795 Angel Pantaleon de Miranda
  • 1796 Vicente Dayrit
  • 1797 Jose Cunanan
  • 1798 Juan Lacson
  • 1799 Carlos Catacutan
  • 1800 Vicente Dizon
  • 1801 Jose Ocson
  • 1802 Agustin David Lising
  • 1803 Jose Concepcion
  • 1804 Raymundo David
  • 1805 Ignacio David de Miranda
  • 1806 Severino Henson
  • 1807 Juan Crisostomo Paras
  • 1808 Domingo Henson
  • 1809 Leon de Vera
  • 1810 Vicente de Castro
  • 1811 Gregorio Singian
  • 1812 Ignacio de Miranda
  • 1813 Miguel Catacutan
  • 1814 Francisco Pamintuan
  • 1815 Severino Henson
  • 1816 Agustin David Lising
  • 1817 Bernardo David
  • 1818 Bernardo Tinio
  • 1819 Eriberto Yutuc
  • 1820 Vicente de Castro


ALCALDES MUNICIPALES

  • 1821 Vicente Dizon
  • 1822 Pablo de Ocampo
  • 1823 Maximo Dizon
  • 1824 Ciriaco Dizon


GOBERNADORCILLOS

  • 1825 Vicente Dizon
  • 1826 Manuel Pasion Henson
  • 1827 Anacleto del Rosario
  • 1828 Vicente David Lising
  • 1829 Vicente Dizon
  • 1830 Pablo Ocampo
  • 1831 Doroteo Dizon
  • 1832 Mariano Yutuc
  • 1833 Manuel Pasion Henson
  • 1834 Gregorio Tuason
  • 1835 Blas Borja
  • 1836 Doroteo Dizon
  • 1837 Agustin Pamintuan
  • 1838 Agustin Cuyugan
  • 1839 Juan Dayrit
  • 1840 Raymundo David
  • 1841 Macario Yutuc
  • 1842 Matias Quiason
  • 1843 Pedro Lacsamana
  • 1844 Bernardino Singian de Miranda
  • 1845 Serapio Singian de Miranda
  • 1846 Mariano Arceo
  • 1847 Agustin Cuyugan
  • 1848 Guillermo Henson
  • 1849 Bernardino Singian de Miranda
  • 1850 Agustin Pamintuan
  • 1851 Gregorio David
  • 1852 Maximo Feliciano
  • 1853-1854 Paulino Paras
  • 1854-1855 Agustin Lacson
  • 1855-1856 Simon Henson
  • 1856-1857 Cosme Lacson
  • 1857-1858 Candido Froilan Dizon
  • 1858-1859 Florentino Dayrit
  • 1859 Manuel Pasion Henson
  • 1859 Jose Navarro (accidental)
  • 1860 Victor David
  • 1860-1861 Manuel de Ocampo
  • 1861-1862 Bernardino Singian de Miranda
  • 1862-1863 Guillermo Henson
  • 1863-1864 Aniceto Yusi
  • 1864-1865 Simon Henson
  • 1865-1866 Juan Quiason
  • 1867-1868 Julian Buison
  • 1868-1869 Benigno de Ocampo
  • 1869-1870 Isidro Teopaco
  • 1870-1871 Domiciano Tison
  • 1871-1872 Florentino Dayrit
  • 1872-1873 Eustaquio Ricafort
  • 1873-1874 Pedro Paras y Castro
  • 1874-1875 Bernardino Singian de Miranda
  • 1875-1876 Julian Buison
  • 1877-1879 Anacleto Hizon
  • 1879-1880 Catalino Henson
  • 1880-1881 Mariano Custodio
  • 1881-1882 Saturnino Henson
  • 1882-1883 Florentino Dayrit
  • 1883 Pedro Paras
  • 1884-1885 Domiciano Tison
  • 1885 Francisco X. Panlilio
  • 1886-1887 Anacleto Hizon
  • 1887-1889 Teodoro Limjuco
  • 1889-1890 Gregorio Tioleco


PRESIDENTES MUNICIPALES

  • 1891-1892 Antonio E. Consunji
  • 1893-1894 Juan Sengson
  • 1895 Teodoro Limjuco
  • 1896 Saturnino Henson
  • 1897 Celso Dayrit (accidental


REPUBLIKA FILIPINA
PRESIDENTE MUNICIPAL

  • 1898 Antonio E. Consunji


MILITARY GOVERNMENT
ALCALDES

  • 1899 Enrique Kerr
  • 1900 Carlos Kerr
  • 1900 Teodoro Limjuco
  • 1900-1901 Francisco S. Hizon


CIVIL GOVERNMENT
MUNICIPAL PRESIDENTS

  • 1901 Francisco S. Hizon
  • 1902-1903 Mariano J. Leon Santos
  • 1904 Juan Sengson
  • 1905-1906 Eulalio Castro
  • 1906-1907 Vicente Tiomico
  • 1908-1909 Pedro Teopaco
  • 1910-1912 Clemente Ocampo
  • 1913-1915 ?
  • 1916-1921 Antonio B. Abad Santos
  • 1922-1927 Jose M. Valencia
  • 1928-1931 Antonio B. Abad Santos
  • 1932-1934 Jose M. Valencia


PHILIPPINE COMMONWEALTH
MUNICIPAL MAYOR

  • 1934-1937 Urbano D. Dizon
  • 1938-1942 Vivencio B. Cuyugan
  • 1945 Vivencio B. Cuyugan


JAPANESE OCCUPATION

  • 1942-1945 Rodolfo P. Hizon

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPAL MAYOR

  • 1946-1955 Rodolfo P. Hizon
  • 1955 Mariano P. Castro, Sr.
  • 1956-1959 Dr. Miguel G. Baluyut
  • 1960-1967 Dr. Jose C. Quiwa
  • 1967-1969 Levi Panlilio
  • 1969-1971 Atty. Virgilio L. Sanchez
  • 1971 Luis Gopiao
  • 1972-1980 Armando P. Biliwang
  • 1980-1982 Col. Amante S. Bueno (OIC)
  • 1982-1983 Atty. Vicente A. Macalino (OIC)
  • 1983-1986 Atty. Virgilio L. Sanchez
  • 1986-1987 Atty. Paterno S. Guevara(Appointed)
  • 1987-1988 Dr. Rodolfo P. Canlas (Appointed)
  • 1988-1995 Atty. Paterno S. Guevara
  • 1995-2001 Dr. Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino


CITY MAYOR

  • 2001-2004 Dr. Jesus Reynaldo B. Aquino
  • 2004-Present Atty. Oscar S. Rodriguez

Cityhood

Mayor Rey B. Aquino and Senator Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo launch the campaign for cityhood on January 6, 1997. On April 27, Rep. Oscar Rodriguez files House Bill No. 9267 creating the City of San Fernando. In 2000, House Speaker Arnulfo Fuentebella and Senate President Aquilino Q. Pimintel signed the approved city charter of San Fernando on December 4 and 13 respectively.

The town officially became a component city on February 4, 2001 following the ratification of Republic Act 8990 authored by Rep. Oscar Rodriguez in a plebiscite from the previous day. Dr. Rey B. Aquino becomes the city's first mayor. The ratification of Republic Act 8990 made the City of San Fernando the 99th city of the Republic of the Philippines.asa

Barangays

The City of San Fernando is politically subdivided into 35 barangays.

  • Alasas
  • Baliti
  • Bulaon
  • Calulut
  • Dela Paz Norte
  • Dela Paz Sur
  • Del Carmen
  • Del Pilar
  • Del Rosario
  • Dolores
  • Juliana
  • Lara
  • Lourdes
  • Magliman
  • Maimpis
  • Malino
  • Malpitic
  • Pandaras
  • Panipuan
  • Pulung Bulo
  • Santo Rosario (Pob.)
  • Quebiauan
  • Saguin
  • San Agustin
  • San Felipe
  • San Isidro
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Nicolas
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Lucia
  • Santa Teresita
  • Santo Niño
  • Sindalan
  • Telabastagan

Economy

SM City Pampanga

Strategically located at the heart of the province, the City of San Fernando is home to two public markets, thirty nine banks, forty eight lending institutions (investors), thirty eight pawnshops, seventeen gasoline stations, three movie houses, thirty nine public and private schools, seven hospitals, thirteen dental offices, nine hotels, twenty eight drug stores, seven disco clubs, six foreign exchange firms, fifteen garment factories, twenty four groceries, seven supermarkets, forty two insurance companies, sixteen security agencies and seventy restaurants and fast food chains such as Jollibee, McDonald's, Mr. Donut, Greenwich, Shakey’s, and Chowking. In addition to being the Provincial Capital of Pampanga, almost all Philippine banking institutions, military and governmental agencies have regional offices in San Fernando. [3]

Manufacturing:

San Fernando serves as one of the agricultural processing center of Central Luzon. It is a major rice-producing region and an important sugar-producing area. The Pampanga Sugar Development Company (PASUDECO), was once the largest private employer in Pampanga. It is a major sugar processing plant in the region. Other manufacturing companies with offices in the city include Universal Robina Corporation, Zuellig Pharma Corporation, Nestle Philippines, Petrophil, Mondragon Industries, Asia Brewery, and Del Monte Corporation. Major bottling companies such as the San Miguel Corporation Complex, Coca-Cola, Pepsi Cola and Cosmos are located within the city.

Every year during the Christmas season, the city becomes the hub of a thriving industry centered on handcrafted lanterns called parols. What distinguish the San Fernando lantern from the ordinary parol are the intricate designs and the illusion of dancing lights, which focuses on the vibrant colors of the lantern.

Infrastructure:

The City of San Fernando has four TV stations - KTV Channel 12, Infomax Channel 8, CLTV 36 and ABS-CBN 46. There are also two radio stations, the 5 Kilowatt DWRW 95.1 FM of the Radio World Broadcasting Corporation of the Philippines and the 2.5 kilowatt DWCL 92.7 FM of the Love Radio Network. Several local newspapers are published in the city which includes SunStar Pampanga, The Probe, Coffee Punch, Pampanga Times and the Observer. [4]

Tourism:

The tourism industry of the city is fueled by two major events, the annual Good Friday Lenten rites in San Pedro Cutud and the Giant Lantern Festival in December. Both events draw thousands of tourists from around the country and the world.

Education

Colleges and universities

  • The University of the Philippines Extension Program in San Fernando (formerly located at Capitol Boulevard, Sto. Nino, San Fernando). The institution can now be found in Clark Field, Angeles City. The former site was devastated by lahar during the Mt. Pinatubo eruption.
  • University of the Assumption, the first and only Catholic Archdiocesan University in the Philippines and in Asia.
  • East Central Colleges, formerly the Toledano Vocational School of San Fernando, was established by the late Ciriaco Toledano in the 1940s. The first establishment was located at the B. Mendoza street and later, another branch was built in Mexico to house the high school students. As of today, East Central Colleges has two branches. One near the Iglesia ni Cristo for college students and one in Mexico, Pampanga for the high school students. The two are being managed and administered by the children of Ciriaco Toledano.
  • Data College, Formerly known as RM DATA CENTER Located at Capitol Blvd, Sto Nino City of San Fernando Pampanga.
  • Mother of Good Counsel Seminary
  • Systems Plus Computer College

Secondary Schools

Tourism

Festivals and Local Events

Places of interest

WOW Philippines Hilaga

Formerly known as the Paskuhan Village.

Located at the mouth of the San Fernando Toll Exit along the North Luzon Expressway, North Philippines Hilaga was transformed into a cultural, historical, tourism, trade, and entertainment village by former Secretary Richard J. Gordon in 2003. Its design and concept make it a virtual window to the cultural and historical heritage of the four regions of the North Philippines as well as a showcase for their indigenous products, and arts and crafts. The star-shaped pavilions at the center pays tribute to the skilled lantern makers of San Fernando, Pampanga which produces the biggest lanterns in the world. The complex features a 1,000-seat capacity air-conditioned pavilion for conventions and special events, an open-air ampitheater for outdoor activities, air-conditioned exhibit halls, trade booths, garden restos and an 60-seat capacity conference hall.

Archdiocesian Museum and Archives

The Archdiocesian Museum and Archives at the University of the Assumption houses antiques and exquisite works of art depicting Pampanga’s rich cultural heritage. It contains numerous ecclesiastical artifacts ranging from a huge churchbell to paintings; ivory and wooden statues of all shapes and sizes, vestments worn by priests during Mass and chalices, monstrances, reliquaries and ciboriums made of gold, silver and precious gems, some dating back to the 17th century.


The City of San Fernando Heritage District

The City of San Fernando Heritage District covers the historic core of San Fernando, including Barangay Santo Rosario and parts of Barangays San Jose (Panlumacan), Santa Teresita (Baritan), Lourdes (Teopaco), Del Pilar, Santa Lucia and Santo Niño. These important sites are broken down under Heritage Houses, Historic Government Buildings, Schools, and Hospitals, and Historic Industrial Structures and Sites [5]
Churches and Other Religious Structures
Metropolitan Cathedral of San Fernando, Pampanga
Heritage Houses
Hizon-Singian House
Lazatin House
Historic Government Buildings, Schools, and Hospitals
Industrial Heritage Structures and Sites:
PASUDECO Sugar Central
  • San Fernando Train Station (Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Sugar Central (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • PASUDECO Staff Houses and Commissary (Capitol Boulevard, Barangay Santo Niño)
  • San Fernando Water Reservoir (Barangay Lourdes)
  • The Sugar Pugons (Greenville Subdivision and Barangay Quebiawan)
  • Calulut Train Station (Barangay Calulut) – heavily damaged by informal settlers
  • Baluyut Bridge (Gen. Hizon Avenue, Barangay Santo Rosario)
Commercial Structures
  • The Arcaded Shop Buildings of Consunji Street - 1950s (Barangay Santo Rosario)

Lantern Factories

Several lantern factories can be visited in Unisite Subdivision, Barangay Del Pilar, as well as in Barangays San Jose and Dolores.

Shopping Malls

  • SM City Pampanga - (its west wing spans in Olongapo-Gapan Road, Barangay San Jose in San Fernando; on the other hand, the eastern wing of the mall lies at the same highway (Olongapo-Gapan Road) this time at the nearby town, particularly at Barangay Lagundi, Mexico, Pampanga.
  • Robinsons Starmills Pampanga - located right in front of SM City Pampanga. Its particular location is in Olongapo-Gapan Road, Barangay Lagundi, Mexico, Pampanga.

Notable Fernandinos

  • Jose Abad Santos, a former Chief Justice (featured in PHP1000 bill)
  • Pedro Abad Santos, a former assemblyman and founder of the Socialist Party
  • Sotero J. Baluyut, a former senator and cabinet secretary
  • Vivencio Cuyugan, first Socialist mayor in the Philippines
  • Amando G. Dayrit, a renowned pre-war newspaper columnist
  • Conrado Dayrit, a cardiologist and virgin coconut oil proponent
  • Nicolasa Dayrit, a revolutionary nurse
  • Jamby Madrigal, a senator
  • Fernando H. Ocampo, a founder of the UST College of Architecture and Fine Arts
  • Honesto N. Ongtioco, bishop of Cubao
  • Tony Perez, a playwright

Television Networks

References

  1. ^ Henares, Ivan Anthony S. "A Brief History of San Fernando, Pampanga 1754-2004"
  2. ^ Henares, Ivan Anthony S. "A Brief History of San Fernando, Pampanga 1754-2004"
  3. ^ Camiling ,Alejandro S. Fernando, Pampanga The Nerve Center of Central Luzon
  4. ^ Province of Pampanga, A Profile of Region III September, 2001.
  5. ^ Henares, Ivan Anthony S. "San Fernando: a city rich in architectual heritage"

External links

Original Source

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