Caloocan City

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City of Caloocan
Ph seal ncr caloocan.png
Ph locator ncr caloocan.png
Region National Capital Region
Mayor Enrico Echiverri (Liberal Party)
Barangays 188
Physical characteristics
Area 53.33 km²
Total (2000) 1,177,604
Density 22,081/km²

The City of Caloocan (Kalookan City; Lungsod ng Caloocan) is one of the 16 cities that comprise Metro Manila or the National Capital Region of the Philippines. The city is located north of the City of Manila, and is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,381,610 according to the 2007 Census, with Manila and Quezon City coming in second and first respectively.



Caloocan is divided into the northern and the southern parts. Southern Caloocan is located north of Manila and is bounded by the cities of Malabon and Valenzuela. To the west is Navotas City while Quezon City is to the east.

Northern Caloocan is in the northernmost area of Metro Manila. It is located east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City and south of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan.


Caloocan was first called Aromahan or Espina by the Spanish colonizers when it was just a small barrio in Tondo. The word Caloocan came from the Tagalog root word lo-ok (bay) attributed to its nearness to Manila Bay. According to other folk tales, lo-ok means sulok (corner) and in the past, Caloocan was located at the corner where the old towns of Tondo and Tambobong (Malabon) met. The city is on the fringe of Dagat-dagatan, a small lake separated by Manila Bay and Navotas.

Caloocan was proclaimed a city in 1962.

Government and Barangays

In the 2010 national and local elections, incumbent mayor Enrico R. Echiverri was reelected for the third straight time as Caloocan City’s topmost official. Echiverri’s running mate Edgar Erice gained the highest number of votes for the vice-mayoral seat. Incumbent congresspersons Oscar G. Malapitan and Mitzi Cajayon once again won as the representatives of the first and second districts respectively.

The city is politically subdivided into 188 barangays, which have no official names but are simply numbered Barangay 1 through Barangay 188.


Records show that Caloocan's first residents were Chinese, mestizos or indios of the Philippines. They were mostly fishermen, especially those who lived near Manila Bay, Dagat-dagatan and Navotas.

Today, regardless of racial background, inhabitants of Caloocan City primarily speak Filipino or Tagalog, and also use English for education and business.


The people of Caloocan City were eager to start their livelihood when the city was constituted. Many were worked in agriculture producing a variety of crops while others were engaged in quarrying, weaving, pot-making and more.

Today, the city is mainly residential with scattered commercial and urbanized settings.




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