Basketball in the Philippines
The Philippines is among the first basketball-playing nations in the world and Filipinos are among the most exciting basketball players and fans in the world of basketball. The Philippines is home of the world’s second oldest and Asia’s first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) and for 30 years, the league help shaped the modern history of Philippine basketball. Before the professional era, the Philippines national basketball team dominated Asian basketball and were among the world’s best in the 1950s.
Today, basketball is the most beloved and popular entertainment in the Philippines, and is widely reputed to be the national sport of the Philippines.
The beginning and the pre-war era
Around 1898-1900s, the Americans’ Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) introduced the newly invented sports of "Basketball" in the Philippines. During this period, football (soccer) was the most popular sport in the Philippine Islands due to its history as a Spanish colony (influenced by British sailors from Hong Kong), even during the Far Eastern Games. Nevertheless, basketball went on to replace soccer (football) with other American sports like baseball.
From the 1910s to the early 1930s, the Philippines dominated the Far Eastern Games basketball tournament winning 9 of 10 basketball championships.
In 1936, the Philippines played in the Berlin Olympic Games basketball tournament, the first time basketball played as an official sports. The Philippines started the tournament winning two in a row beating Mexico and Estonia but lost to the United States in the quarterfinals. The Philippines went on to beat Italy and Uruguay to finished fifth in the tournament with a 4-1 record. The 5th place finish was the best finish by an Asian country in the Olympic Games men’s basketball tournament. If not for controversial rulings, the Philippines could have at least won silver or bronze medal.
In 1938, the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA) was formed and went on to dominate Philippine basketball for almost 40 years.
In the 1950s, the Philippine team was among the best basketball teams in the world after winning two consecutive Asian Games basketball gold medals (1951, 1954).
Despite missing the first FIBA World Championship (1950) in Argentina, the Philippines participated in the 1954 FIBA World Championship held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Philippines finished with a 5-2 win-loss record in the Final Round games, and captured the bronze medal. The third place-finish is still currently the best finish by an Asian country in the World Championships. Carlos Loyzaga finished as the world tournament’s third leading scorer (148 points/16.4 points per game) and was named in the FIBA World Mythical Five Selection.
Before the end of the decade, the country retained the Asian Games basketball gold medal in 1958. During this period, the Philippines had also consistently played, in the Olympic Games basketball tournament since 1936.
In the 1960s, the first FIBA Asia Championship was won by the Philippines with Carlos Badion as the tournament’s Most Valuable Player. In 1962, the Philippines won its fourth consecutive Asian Games gold medal and retained the Asian championship in 1963.
Meanwhile, the Philippines won the right to host the third FIBA World Championship but were suspended after then President Diosdado Macapagal, father of current President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, refused to issue visa to players from communist countries (notably basketball powerhouse Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union).
In the Asian Games, after Carlos Loyzaga’s retirement, the Philippines' dominance declined but the country continued to play competitively in the Asian and World Championships. While in the Olympic Games, the country played poorly, unable to reach the top 10.
The professional era
The 1970s and 1980s witnessed the birth of two new leagues: the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA), founded in April 1975, and the Philippine Amateur Basketball League (PABL) in 1983; both leagues replaced the 34 year old MICAA.
In 1978, the Philippines hosted the FIBA World Championship and finished 8th in the tournament, despite losing all its games. The event was the first World Basketball Championship ever to be held in Asian soil.
In the 1980s, San Miguel-Philippines, a club team specially formed to represent the country, won the FIBA Asia Club Championship (1984) and earned the right to play in the FIBA World Club Championship (where the team finished third in 1985). The team also captured the William Jones Cup championship.
In 1985-1986, the Philippines won its fifth FIBA Asia Championship and earned the right to play in the 1986 FIBA World Championship held at Madrid, Spain. The team failed to play in the world championships due to political crisis, and the eventual coming of the Philippines' People Power Revolution. Later in 1986, the Philippines captured the bronze medal in the Asian Games after a controversial semi-final loss to South Korea. American shooting maestro Arthur Engelland, Hector Calma and Allan Caidic, bannered the San Miguel Philippines and national teams in 1984-1986.
In 1990’s, the Philippines sent all-professional national teams in the Asian Games basketball tournaments. The PBA was given the task to reclaim basketball supremacy in Asia but was limited by the national association, the Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP), to play just in the Asian Games.
The first all-professional national team was formed in 1990, coached by the "Living Legend" Robert Jaworski and the team was bannered by PBA superstars Alvin Patrimonio, Avelino “Samboy” Lim and 1990 PBA Most Valuable Player Allan Caidic. The dream team finished second and captured the silver medal after losing to China in the finals. Samboy Lim was named in the Asian Games basketball all-star mythical five selection.
In 1994, San Miguel Beermen, which captured the PBA All-Filipino Cup title, and earned the right to represent the Philippines in the Asian Games. The team also included loaned PBA players and amateur standouts. The PBA-San Miguel Philippines team finished fourth place after losing to China and Japan in the play-offs. Allan Caidic, Asia’s most feared Filipino player, finished as the Asian Games’ leading scorer and was named in the Asian Games All-Star Mythical Five Selection.
The centennial celebrations also witnessed the birth of the Metropolitan Basketball Association (MBA), the country’s second-ever professional league.
In 2000, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) celebrated its 25th anniversary and named the “PBA's 25th Anniversary All-Time Team”, the top 25 were – Johnny Abarrientos, William "Bogs" Adornado, Ato Agustin, Francis Arnaiz, Lim Eng Beng, Ricardo Brown, Allan Caidic, Hector Calma, Philip Cezar, Atoy Co, Jerry Codiñera, Kenneth Duremdes, Bernard Fabiosa, Ramon Fernandez, Danny Florencio, Alberto Guidaben, Freddie Hubalde, Robert Jaworski, Jojo Lastimosa, Samboy Lim, Ronnie Magsanoc, Vergel Meneses, Manny Paner, Benjie Paras, and Alvin Patrimonio. Later, the PBA All-Star Selection beat the FIBA Asia All-Star Selection, which was led by Filipino and MBA superstar Rommel Adducul.
Prior to 1950
- The Philippines played and won its first international basketball game against China. The Philippines also won the first basketball gold medal of the Far Eastern Games.
1919 – The Philippines captured the basketball gold medal for the fourth time in the fourth Far Eastern Games held for the second time in Manila, Philippines.
1921 – China upset and put to an end to the Philippines' unbeaten run in the Far Eastern Games basketball tournament. The Philippines finished with a silver medal for the first time, losing 30-27 to China.
- The Philippines recaptured the Far Eastern Games basketball gold medal in Osaka, Japan.
- In the Far Eastern Games, Luis “Lou” Salvador scored the Philippines’ and the Far Eastern Games all-time record for the most points scored by a player in a single game. He scored 116 points to lead the Philippines beat China and recapture the gold medal.
- Filipino veteran Jovito Gonzales won his sixth consecutive Far Eastern Games basketball medal. Gonzales was a member of the first ever Philippine national team that won the first ever Far Eastern Games basketball title and went on to end his career with five gold medals and a silver in the Far Eastern Games. He holds the all-time record for the most appearances by a Filipino in the Far Eastern Games basketball tournament.
1924 – The University of the Philippines won the first ever Philippine National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Basketball championship. The NCAA is the oldest collegiate sports tournament in the Philippine history.
1925 – The Philippines retained its basketball title in the seventh edition of the Far Eastern Games held for the third time in Manila, Philippines.
1927 – The Philippines again captured the basketball gold medal of the eighth Far Eastern Games held at Shanghai, China.
1930 – The Philippines beat host Japan and won its eighth basketball gold medal in the Far Eastern Games at Tokyo, Japan.
- Filipino veteran Augusto Bautista won his fifth consecutive Far Eastern Games basketball medal. Bautista won four basketball gold medals and a silver medal in the Far Eastern Games, in addition to his volleyball medals won in the same Games.
1934 – The Philippines won its ninth and final Far Eastern Games basketball championship title at Manila, Philippines. It was the final edition of the championship, as Japan eventually invaded China in the late 1930s, which led to the Pacific version of World War II.
- Mariano Filomeno, one of the greatest Filipino players in the pre-war era, won his fifth consecutive Far Eastern Games basketball gold medal and ends his career with 25-30 points per game.
- The Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP) joined the international basketball governing body – Fédération Internationale de Basketball Amateur FIBA.
- The American Commonwealth of the Philippines issued the world’s first basketball stamp.
- The Philippines participated in the first official Olympic Games basketball tournament held at Berlin, Germany. The national team finished fifth with a 4-1 win-loss record and is the best finish by an Asian country in the Olympic men’s basketball history. The team, lead by Ambrosio Padilla, beat Mexico (32-30), Estonia (39-22), Italy (32-14) and Uruguay (33-23), and losing only to eventual champion Team USA (23-56).
- Two-time Philippine Olympic basketball team coach Dionisio “Chito” Calvo organized the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA). It was the country’s top commercial league for 41 years with H.E. Hecock, Inc. as its first champion.
- The Far Eastern University won the first ever University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP) Basketball championship.
- The Philippines, finished 12th with a 4-4 win-loss record in the Olympic Games basketball tournament held at London, England, United Kingdom.
- The Philippines became the first country to score at least 100 points in a single game in the Olympic men’s basketball history. The Philippines beat Iraq 102-30 in the opening game of Group A.
- The Philippines retained the basketball gold medal (6-0) of the Asian Games held at Manila, Philippines.
- Lauro Mumar won his second consecutive Asian Games gold medal and was named with Carlos Loyzaga as co-captains for the Philippine national team bound for the world championships. Mumar later coached the India national basketball team and the Philippine national team.
- The Philippines finished third and captured the bronze medal in the second FIBA World Championship held at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Philippines finished with a 6-3 win-loss record and was the best finished by an Asian country in the world championships.
-Carlos “Caloy” Loyzaga regarded by many as the greatest Filipino basketball player of all time, finished as the third leading scorer of the tournament (148 points and 16.4 points per game) and was named in the FIBA World Championship all-tournament mythical five selections.
- The Philippines won the Asian Games basketball gold medal with a 6-1 record held at Tokyo, Japan.
- Chinese Taipei ended the Philippines unbeaten run in Asian basketball. The last time the Philippines lost a game against Asian rivals was 37 years ago when China beat the Philippines in finals of 1921 Far Eastern Games held at Shanghai, China.
- Mariano Tolentino won his third consecutive Asian Games gold medal. Tolentino was one of the very few players to play several times for the national team.
1959 – The Philippines finished 8th with a 4-2 record in the FIBA World Championship held at Santiago, Chile.
- The FIBA Asia was formed at Manila, Philippines with Filipino basketball legends Ambrosio Padilla and Dionisio Calvo elected as the first President and the first Secretary-General of the newly formed Asian basketball federation.
- The Philippines won the first ever Asian Basketball Confederation (now FIBA Asia Championship) gold medal with a 9-0 record held at Manila, Philippines.
- Carlos Badion was named the first ever FIBA Asia Most Valuable Player of the tournament and was named in the Mythical five selection.
- Carlos Loyzaga won his fourth consecutive Asian Games basketball gold medal and sets the Filipino all-time record for the most appearances by a Filipino in the Asian Games basketball tournament. - The Philippines was suspended by the basketball governing body, FIBA, after then President Diosdado Macapagal refused to issue visas to players from communist countries (Yugoslavia). In addition, the Philippines lost the right to host the third FIBA World Championship.
- Carlos Loyzaga ended his long illustrious career for the national team and ends his career as the most successful Filipino player ever to play for the Philippine national team. He later coached the national team to the Asian Championship and the Olympic Games.
1964 – The Philippines finished 6th with a 3-6 record in a 10-nation pre-Olympic qualifying tournament held at Yokohama, Japan. The Philippines, despite being the Asian champion, has to play a qualifying tournament due to its early suspension in 1962.
- The Philippines finished 3rd and captured the bronze medal in the first ever Intercontinental Basketball Tournament for players under 5-11 held at Barcelona, Spain. The Philippines finished behind the United States and host Spain but beat South American giant, Brazil and European representative, France.
1969 – The Philippines finished 3rd with a 7-2 record and captured the bronze medal in the FIBA Asia Championship held at Bangkok, Thailand.
1970 – The Philippines finished 5th with a 4-4 record in the Asian Games basketball tournament held at Bangkok, Thailand.
1971 – The Philippines finished 2nd with a 7-1 record and captured the silver medal in the FIBA Asia Championship held at Tokyo, Japan.
1973 – The Philippines won its fourth FIBA Asia Championship title with a 9-0 record held at Manila, Philippines.
1975 – In April, ten MICAA commercial ball clubs broke up with the Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP) and formed Asia’s first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA). The PBA was the world’s second oldest professional basketball league after the United States’ National Basketball Association (NBA). The league’s first champion was the Toyota Comets.
1977 – The Philippines won the first ever South East Asian Games basketball gold medal.
1978 – The Philippines for the second time won the right to host the FIBA World Championship.
1979 – The Philippines won its second South East Asian Games basketball gold medal.
1981 – The Philippines composed of Filipino and naturalized American players won the fifth R. William Jones Cup International Basketball Championship held at Taipei, Taiwan. The team was bannered by Dennis Still, Jeff Moore and Filipino-American NBA draftee Ricardo Brown.
- The Philippines captured its third straight South East Asian Games basketball gold medal.
1983 – The Philippine Amateur Basketball League (PABL) was formed as an amateur basketball league for collegiate players and was sponsored by large companies in the Philippines. The PABL would later be renamed into the Philippine Basketball League (PBL) as it grows into a commercially semi-professional league.
- The Philippines retained its basketball gold medal in the South East Asian Games.
- The Crispa Redmanizers, coached by Tommy Manotoc, won the its second PBA Grand Slam title after winning three consecutive PBA conferences in one season.
1984 – The San Miguel-Philippines / Northern Consolidated team won the FIBA Asia Club Championship and earned the right to play in the FIBA World Club Championship held at Gerona, Spain. The team was bannered by American shooting maestro Arthur Engelland, Hector Calma, Samboy Lim and Filipino hotshot Allan Caidic.
1985 – San Miguel-Philippines finished 3rd and captured the bronze medal in the FIBA World Club Championship held at Gerona, Spain.
- The Philippines captured the 9th William Jones Cup championship after beating the United States in overtime 108-100 in the finals.
- The Philippines won its fifth consecutive South East Asian Games basketball gold medal.
1985-1986 – The Philippines won its fifth FIBA Asia Championship title held at Ipoh, Malaysia. The team beat China in the finals 82-72 behind Filipino triggerman Allan Caidic’s 22 points. The championship earned the Philippines the right to play in the FIBA World Championship held at Madrid, Spain but due to political crisis in the country, the team failed to participate for the world championship finals.
1989 – The international basketball governing body, Fédération Internationale de Basketball FIBA, has now agreed to let professional players to play in any international basketball tournaments including the FIBA World Championships and the Olympic Games.
1990 – The Philippines finished 2nd and captured the silver medal after losing to China in the finals of the Asian Games basketball tournament held at Beijing, China. The team was the first ever all-professional national team sent by the Philippines and fittingly deserved to be called the “Philippines Dream Team”. The team, coached by Robert Jaworski, was bannered by PBA superstars Ramon Fernandez, Alvin Patrimonio, Hector Calma, Benjie Paras, Avelino “Samboy” Lim and 1990 PBA Most Valuable Player Allan Caidic.
-Samboy Lim was named in the Asian Games basketball tournament All-Star Mythical Five Selection, the top 5 best players of the tournament.
1991 – On November 21, Filipino Allan "Triggerman" Caidic scored 79 points and lead the Presto Tivoli beat Ginebra San Miguel. Caidic’s 79 points was the most points scored by a Filipino in a single PBA game and sank 17 three-point field goals, the most three-point shots made in a single game. Other PBA records he sets in the game are the most points scored in a single half (53 points), in a single quarter (37) and the most consecutive triples and most triples in a single quarter (8 triples).
1992 – Former NBA player and PBA import Tony Harris of the Swift Mighty Meaties scored 105 points against against Ginebra San Miguel in a 151-147 victory on October 10. The 105 points was the most points scored by a player, both locals and imports, in a single PBA game.
1994 – The San Miguel Beermen earned the right to represent the Philippines in the upcoming Asian Games after winning the PBA All-Filipino Cup Conference championship. Later, the national team, not only includes San Miguel players, but also includes loan players from the other PBA franchises (notably Alvin Patrimonio and Johnny Abarrientos) and from the collegiate teams.
- Allan Caidic finished the Asian Games as the tournament’s leading scorer and was named in the Asian Games basketball tournament All-Star Mythical Five Selection, the top 5 best players of the tournament.
1998 – The Philippines celebrate its centennial 100th year of national independence from Spain; to commemorate the anniversary, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) formed the Philippine Centennial Team. The PBA Centennial Team was the national team for the year 1998, task to represent the country in international basketball tournaments.
- The Philippine Centennial Team captured the 21st William Jones Cup tournament after beating Chinese Taipei, 82-72, in the finals.
- Filipino international veterans Alvin Patrimonio and Allan Caidic played in their fourth consecutive Asian Games tournaments and won their third Asian Games medals. Both players broke the record of the legendary Caloy Loyzaga, for the most appearances by a Filipino player in the Asian Games basketball tournament, and share the distinction of being the only PBA players to represent the country in four Asian Games. In addition, Allan Caidic won his second William Jones Cup title and became the only Filipino player in the 20th Century to win the William Jones Cup twice in history. Once as an amateur with San Miguel-Philippines in 1985 and once as a professional with the Philippine Centennial Team in 1998.
- The Metropolitan Basketball Association (MBA), Philippines’ second professional basketball league, was formed and effectively regionalized the basketball professionalism throughout the country. The league’s first championship was won by the Pampanga Dragons.
1998-1999 – Philippine basketball legend Robert Jaworski ended his PBA career that spanned since 1975. Jaworski was elected to the Philippine Senate in 1998 and retired from playing pro-basketball. At 52, he was the world’s oldest professional basketball player in history.
1999 - The Manila Metrostars set the MBA league record by winning 23 consecutive games during the elimination round, en route to a 26-4 record and the MBA National Championship. The record was also seen by many as the most in Philippine professional basketball history, breaking the PBA's Crispa Redmanizers' record of 19 consecutive victories in 1980.
- The first batch inducteed to the Philippine National Basketball Hall of Fame was named. They were Filipino legends that brought gold and glory to Philippine basketball: Carlos Loyzaga, Fely Fajardo, Gabby Fajardo, Ambrosio Padilla, Charlie Borck, Tony Genato, Jacinto Ciria-Cruz, Primitivo Martinez, Ramoncito Campos, Ed Ocampo and Narciso Bernardo.
2000 – The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) celebrates its 25th Anniversary and named the “PBA's 25th Anniversary All-Time Team.” The 25 players include PBA Most Valuable Player awardees, national team players, all-time statistic leaders, superstars and so on. They are: Johnny Abarrientos, William "Bogs" Adornado, Ato Agustin, Francis Arnaiz, Lim Eng Beng, Ricardo Brown, Allan Caidic, Hector Calma, Philip Cezar, Atoy Co, Jerry Codiñera, Kenneth Duremdes, Bernard Fabiosa, Ramon Fernandez, Danny Florencio, Alberto Guidaben, Freddie Hubalde, Robert Jaworski, Jojo Lastimosa, Samboy Lim, Ronnie Magsanoc, Vergel Meneses, Manny Paner, Benjie Paras, and Alvin Patrimonio.
- The PBA All-Star Selection won the exhibition game against the FIBA Asian All-Star Selection led by MBA superstar Rommel Adducul. Johnny Abarrientos was named the game’s Most Valuable Player with Eric Menk and Lebanon’s Elie Mchantaf receiving the Sportsmanship Award.
- The Philippine Basketball League (PBL) named the PBL All-time Legacy Team – 12 best players of all time. The team includes Alvin Patrimonio, Benjie Paras, Allan Caidic, Vergel Meneses, Johnny Abarrientos, Danny Ildefonso, Jerry Codiñera, Jun Limpot, Jojo Lastimosa, Marlou Aquino, Eric Menk and Sonny Cabatu. - The Philippine Young Men’s national team registered what could be the world's biggest lead in an amateur basketball game when it clobbered Brunei Darussalam, 160-19, at the Ninoy Aquino Stadium on July 2, 2000. The 141-point lead could be the biggest for any amateur basketball team since basketball was introduced in the Philippines by the Americans. During the game, the Philippine national team limited the Brunei squad to only 19 points. It later won the South East Asian Basketball Association (SEABA) Young Men's Tournament crown against Malaysia.
2002 – The Philippines finished 4th in the Asian Games basketball tournament after losing to China, South Korea and Kazakhstan in the play-offs. The team was bannered by Filipino-Americans Asi Taulava, Eric Menk, Rudy Hatfield and PBA veteran Kenneth Duremdes.
2003 – The Philippine Basketball League (PBL) celebrated its 20th year and named the “Top 20 Greatest Players Ever of All Time.” The 20 players were: Alvin Patrimonio, Benjie Paras, Allan Caidic, Vergel Meneses, Johnny Abarrientos, Danny Ildefonso, Jerry Codiñera, Jun Limpot, Jojo Lastimosa, Marlou Aquino, Eric Menk, Sonny Cabatu, Kenneth Duremdes, Ato Agustin, Roger Yap, Yancy de Ocampo, Ren-Ren Ritualo, Rommel Adducul, and Leo Austria.
- The PBA Classic All-Star Game between Crispa and Toyota, the league’s greatest rival teams. Toyota won the game, 65-61, after Robert Jaworski’s heroics at the end of the game.
- Coca Cola Tigers' head coach Vincent "Chot" Reyes was named the new head coach for the Philippine national basketball team to compete in international competitions. He also became the de facto coach of San Miguel Philippines as the national team were about to compete as a club in the FIBA Asia Club Championship (also known as the FIBA Asia Champions Cup).
– The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) celebrated its 30th Anniversary.
- The PBA Classic All-Star Greatest Game between Baby Dalupan’s Legends versus Robert Jaworski’s Greats, both teams composed of the PBA’s 25 greatest players named in 2000. The Legends beat the Greats 96-92, behind the game’s Most Valuable Player, Allan Caidic’s 30 points.
- San Miguel Philippines finished fifth in the FIBA Asia Club Championship held at Manila, Philippines. Rommel Adducul was named in the mythical five selection.
- The Philippines for the third time is suspended by the international governing body - FIBA, after the Philippine Olympic Committee suspended the FIBA-recognized Basketball Association of the Philippines (BAP) due to the BAP's political agenda and its failure to develop the national team into a powerhouse in Asia (or send a competent team for that matter). As a result, the national team was suspended to play in any FIBA-sanctioned tournaments like the FIBA World Championship, FIBA Asia Championship, the Olympic Games and the Asian Games.
- The Philippines, despite being suspended by the international governing body - FIBA, finished third and captured the bronze medal with a 6-3 record in the 27th William Jones Cup tournament.
- San Miguel-Philippines captured its first ever Shell Rimula-Brunei Cup title after defeating the Alaska Aces in the All-Philippine finals in Brunei. Jayjay Helterbrand was named the tournament's Most Valuable Player.
- The PBA Legends Tour of Australia, the touring team were bannered by Alvin Patrimonio, Allan Caidic, Samboy Lim, Jerry Codinera, the Loyzaga brothers and Bong Alvarez.
- Basketball was not included in the 2005 South East Asian Games due to the Philippines' suspension.
- San Miguel-Philippines captured its back-to-back Shell Rimula-Brunei Cup championships after beating the Darwin All-Stars in the finals. Danny Seigle was named the tournament's Most Valuable Player.
- The Philippine national team played and won 2 games against the FIBA World Championship-bound Lebanon national team and an American All-Star team led by former National Basketball Association player Dennis Rodman.
- The FIBA suspension from 2005 is lifted and a new group, the BAP-Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (BAP-SBP), becomes the country's basketball governing body.
- In March, the late Dionisio Calvo, former national team coach for basketball and football, the founding father of the Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Association (MICAA) and the Asian Basketball Confederation, former Secretary-General of the Asian Basketball Confederation, became the first Filipino inducted to the FIBA Hall of Fame. He was named alongside James Naismith (the inventor and father of basketball) and William Jones (one of the founding fathers of FIBA).
- Bocobo, Christian and Celis, Beth, Legends and Heroes of Philippine Basketball, (Philippines, 2004)
- Dela Cruz, Juan, Book of Pinoy Facts and Records, (National Bookstore, Mandaluyong City, Philippines, 2004)
- Philippine Basketball Association, The First 25 Years, (Philippines, 2000)
- Team Pilipinas Basketball Blog / Sports sa Pilipinas
- Official Website of the Philippine Basketball Association
- Official Website of the Philippine Basketball League
- My PBA
|- | colspan="12" |
|Professional competitions||SBP||Amateur competitions|
|Philippine Basketball Association||Men's team||Philippine Basketball League|
|Metropolitan Basketball Association*||Women's team||Women's Philippine Basketball League|
|*Defunct||Men's U-19||Liga Pilipinas (NBC, MVBA)|
|Women's U-19||Philippine Collegiate Championship|
|RP Dream Team||College hoops (UAAP, NCAA; Champions)|