Bani, Pangasinan

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Map of Pangasinan showing the location of Bani

Bani is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. It is located between Alaminos City and Bolinao and is named after the Bani, tree which could be found in the Poblacion. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 42,824 people in 8,910 households.

The municipality is also famous as a bird sanctuary for migratory birds coming from North Asia. Among the species taking refuge in Bani are the Purple Heron, Rufous Night Heron, Asian Golden Plover, Common Snipe and the Philippine wild ducks.



Bani is noted for producing the sweetest, the reddest and the juiciest watermelon in the province of Pangasinan and in the country. Before 1986, watermelon (pakwan) production was unheard of in Bani. Trial plantings were began by Farmers School on the Air, a radio program sponsored by the Bureau of Soils assisted by Bayer Philippines. It was a hit and miss affair, using the information given by the radio program. As it was then, the peculiarities of the people were in play, shying away from the uncertain. It was a certain Rey Catabay of Brgy. Banog Norte who initiated the first commercial planting of watermelon in 1989. That was a lucky break for Bani farmers. Commercial planting of watermelon spread like wildfire to the neighboring barangays of Ambabaay and Garrita to Poblacion area and other barangays. Now, a decade after, the farmers of lowland Bani derive no less than P20 Million in net income from watermelon production. To top it all, Bani farmers have mastered the technology and which has earned for Bani the reputation as the home of the sweetest, the juiciest and the reddest watermelon in the country.

Basically as an agricultural town, farming is the main occupation and means of livelihood of the inhabitants of the Municipality of Bani. Other sources of income of the residents are fishing, livestock production and poultry-raising. As per record, farmers totaled 3,977, while those engaged in fishing and aquaculture numbered 996.

Of the 9,954 hectares agricultural area coverage, 5,317.1 hectares is devoted to crop production and aquaculture covers 2,001 hectares to include 396 hectares under Fishpond Leasehold Agreement with the BFAR and about 3,049.6 hectares is classified as pastureland and grassland.

The major crops grown in the town are rice, corn, peanut, mango and watermelon which, respectively reached 16,423 metric tons, 985 metric tons, 69 metric tons, 458.9 metric tons and 1,565.2 metric tons.

Fruit trees are mostly grown in backyards and banana is planted in sloping areas or at the foot of the hills. Rice farming is carried out in all barangays of Bani while corn and peanut farming is prevalent in Barangays Macabit, Centro Toma, Dacap Norte and Colayo. Barangays Tugui Norte, Ranao, San Jose and Ballag are noted for vegetable production while Barangays Ranao, San Simon, Centro Toma, Quinaoayanan, Ranom Iloco, Tipor and Ballag are known for mango productions. Barangays Banog Norte, Banog Sur, Garrita, Ambabaay and Calabeng are also the leading watermelon producers.

On the other hand, Bani has 501 hectares planted to coconut found sporadically in four coastal barangays with 987 farmers benefiting from this sector. As per estimates there are 37,771 fruit bearing trees with an average production of 30 fruits per tree per year and 12,340 non-bearing fruit trees in Bani.

Most full-time farmers in the municipality are marketing conscious. Farming is being operated in a business-like fashion, gauging beforehand the cost of production and the expected profit margin.

The cost of production of vegetables, peanut, mango, watermelon, legumes and root crops cannot be determined due to fluctuating prices of fertilizers, labor and transportation expenses.

The farmers usually set aside their estimated personal and family consumption together with the required seeds for the next planting season. All excesses are marketed for cash.


Bani is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Ambabaay
  • Aporao
  • Arwas
  • Ballag
  • Banog Norte
  • Banog Sur
  • Calabeng
  • Centro Toma
  • Colayo
  • Dacap Norte
  • Dacap Sur
  • Garrita
  • Luac
  • Macabit
  • Masidem
  • Poblacion
  • Quinaoayanan
  • Ranao
  • Ranom Iloco
  • San Jose
  • San Miguel
  • San Simon
  • San Vicente
  • Tiep
  • Tipor
  • Tugui Grande
  • Tugui Norte

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