The Bakya or wooden clogs were once the most commonly used footwear in the Philippines before the introduction of rubber sandals. This footwear is made from local light wood like santol and laniti. It is cut to the desired foot size before being shaven until smooth. The side of the bakya is thick enough to be carved with floral, geometric or landscape designs. Afterwards, the bakya could then be painted or varnished. Uppers of plastic or rubber will then be fastened using clavitos (tiny nails) and the bakya is now ready to wear.
The bakya was very popular in the 1950's and was a common souvenir for Americans visiting the country. However, the bakya industry dwindled with the introduction of rubber slippers. Today it is rarely used although it is a common footwear used during cultural presentations.
(Other connotation of the word "bakya"):
The word bakya may also be used in the Philippines to denote something that is of "low-class" or "cheap"!