Aniceto Lacson (April 17, 1857, Molo, Iloilo–1931, Talisay, Negros Occidental) Sugar Farmer, Revolutionary General and businessman, was the fifth son of seven children of Lucio Lacson and Clara Ledesma of Iloilo, who migrated to Negros when Aniceto was still young. Aniceto’s early education began under private tutelage in Molo, Iloilo. He later on studied commerce at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, where his classmates included future general and comrade Juan Araneta, Dr. José Rizal, and other Filipinos who later figured in the Philippine revolution. While a student in Manila, he had the opportunity to meet the Supremo of the Katipunan, Andrés Bonifacio, with whom he had a secret blood compact. He was the only Negrense, who had this honor and consequently became a member of the Katipunan.
When his father became bedridden, he took charge of all the work in the haciendas and did much to improve the properties. As a result, through his efforts his father became one of the richest men in Negros and the Philippines. When time came to divide his father’s properties, his other brothers chose the best haciendas. Aniceto, for his part, chose the uncultivated ones. Thus, he received more land from his father than his brothers. Through hard work, he improved all the land and turned it into one of the best producing haciendas in Negros.
Aniceto first married Rosario Araneta, a direct descendant of the Kabungsuan royal family of Mindanao, daughter of Patricio Cabunsol Araneta and Leoncia Araneta, with whom he sired 11 children. They were: (1) Emilio and (2) Clotilde both died at an early age; (3) Jesusa married Jose Arroyo (grandparents of Atty. Mike Tuason Arroyo, First Gentleman, husband of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo; (4) Carmen married Ricardo Claparols, a spanish businessman (5) Enriqueta married Domingo Lacson III., a first cousin; (6) Isaac, who became governor of Negros, then congressman and senator of the Republic married Carmen Paterno; (7) Mariano married Lilia Montilla; (8) Perfecta married Santiago Franco; (9) Jose died young; (10) Aniceto, Jr. married Aurora Lacson, a cousin; and (11) Dominador married Visitacion Lacson, another cousin.
With his 2nd wife , Magdalena Torres, he had 10 children. They were: (1) Resureccion married Carlos Sackermann; (2) Margarita, a former Miss Negros Occidental married William Gemperle; (3) Leonila married Angel Gamboa; (4) Leoncia died young; (5) Nicolas married Amparo Lacson, sister of Arsenio Lacson, mayor of Manila, parents of the famous and controversial Rose Porteous of Perth, Australia; (6) Juan married Reymunda Villareal; (7) Lucio Lacson, Marine Engineer married to Consuelo Flores(daughter of Teofilo Flores(entrepreneur & landowner)( Los Angeles Ca USA with 6 daughters Jenny Lacson Snyder, Christie L. Eccleston(Australia), Kathleen L. Griffith, Vivien l. Pascual(Manila), Grace l. Hosseini, May Lacson (8) Luis, married Lily Distajo; (9) Consuelo married Sebastian Corro; and (10) Jose married Estelita Adrias;
In the later 1800s, a Swiss businessman by the name of Luchinger decided to sell his vast properties in Matabang, Talisay, which he earlier purchased from Nicholas Loney, the biggest sugar cane producer in Negros at that time. It was offered to Aniceto Lacson, but he did not have enough ready cash. Luchinger was willing to sell it on installment provided Aniceto’s father Lucio refused as the venture appeared risky. Aniceto negotiated with Luchinger to agree to sell it to him without guarantor. Knowing that Aniceto was hardworking, honest and followed through with his business commitments, Luchinger agreed.
His home is located in Talisay City, Negros Occidental, owned by his descendants the Claparols family.
The Republic of Negros
The Cantonal Republic of Negros was established by the wealthy haciendero Aniceto Lacson as its president. This republic lasted only from November 27, 1898 until March 4, 1899 when the negrenses and revolutionaries surrendered to the American General, James F. Smith. This government lasted only for three months and four days.