From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
|Centuries:||19th century - 20th century - 21st century|
|Decades:|| 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s
|Years:||1941 1942 1943 - 1944 - 1945 1946 1947|
|1944 by topic:|
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|Births - Deaths|
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|Establishments - Disestablishments|
World War II
- January 4 - WWII: The Battle of Monte Cassino begins.
- January 5 - WWII: Murder of Danish playwright Kaj Munk.
- January 14 - WWII: The Soviet troops start the offensive at Leningrad and Novgorod.
- January 15 - WWII: The 27th Polish Home Army Infantry Division recreated, marking the start of Operation Tempest by the Polish Home Army.
- January 15 - An earthquake hits San Juan, Argentina killing an estimated 10,000 people in the worst natural disaster in Argentina's history.
- January 17 - WWII: British forces, in Italy, cross the Garigliano River.
- January 17 - WWII: Meat Rationing ends in Australia.
- January 20 - WWII: The Royal Air Force drops 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin. The U.S. Army 36th Infantry Division, in Italy, attempts to cross the Rapido River.
- January 22 - WWII: Allies begin Operation Shingle, the assault on Anzio, Italy. The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division stand their ground at Anzio against violent assaults for 4 months.
- January 27 - WWII: The two year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
- January 29 - WWII: The Battle of Cisterna takes place.
- January 30 - WWII: United States troops invade Majuro, Marshall Islands.
- January 31 - WWII: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
- February 1 - WWII: United States troops land in the Marshall Islands.
- February 3 - WWII: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
- February 7 - WWII: In Anzio, Italian forces launch a counteroffensive.
- February 14 - WWII: SHAEF headquarters established in Britain by General Eisenhower.
- February 14 - WWII: Anti-Japanese revolt on Java.
- February 15 - WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino - the monastery atop Monte Cassino is destroyed by Allied bombing.
- February 17 - WWII: Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ended in an American victory on February 22.
- February 20 - WWII: "Big Week" begins with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
- February 20 - WWII: The United States takes Eniwetok Island.
- February 29 - WWII: The Admiralty Islands are invaded by U.S. forces in the Battle of Los Negros and Operation Brewer.
- March - WWII: The Japanese launch an offensive in central and south China.
- March 1 - WWII: USS Tarawa and USS Kearsarge laid down.
- March 1 - WWII: Anti-fascist strike in northern Italy.
- March 2 - WWII: Train stalls inside a railway tunnel outside Salerno, Italy - 426 choke to death
- March 3 - WWII: The Order of Nakhimov and the Order of Ushakov were instituted in USSR
- March 10 - WWII: In Britain the Education Act lifts the ban on women teachers marrying.
- March 12 - WWII: The Creation of the politic Committee of national liberation in Greece.
- March 15 - WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino - Allied aircraft bomb German-held monastery and stage an assault.
- March 15 - WWII: The National Counsil of the French Resistance approves the Resistance programme.
- March 17 - WWII: The hitlerists assassinate at Rîbniţa almost 400 prisoners, Soviet citizens and anti-fascist Romanians.
- March 19 - WWII: German forces occupy Hungary.
- March 18 - The eruption of Mount Vesuvius in Italy kills 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
- March 20 - WWII: RAF Flight Sergeant Nicholas Alkemade's bomber is hit over Germany and he has to bail out without a parachute from the height of over 4000 meters. Tree branches interrupt his fall and he lands safely on deep snow
- March 23 - WWII: members of the Italian Resistance attack Nazis marching in via Rasella. 33 Nazis are killed.
- March 24 - WWII: the Fosse Ardeatine massacre in Rome, Italy. 335 Italians are killed, including 75 Jews and over 200 members of the Italian Resistance from various groups.
- April 25 - WWII: The United Negro College Fund is incorporated.
- April 28 - WWII: 749 American troops are killed in Exercise Tiger at Start Bay, Devon, England.
- May 5 - WWII: Mohandas Gandhi released in India.
- May 9 - WWII: In the Ukrainian city of Sevastopol, Soviet troops had completely driven out the German forces. The besieged German troops had been ordered by Hitler to “fight to the last Man.”<ref>"Year by Year 1944" -- History Channel International</ref>
- May 12 - WWII: Soviet troops finalize the liberation of Crimea.
- May 18 - WWII: Battle of Monte Cassino - Germans evacuate Monte Cassino and Allied forces take the stronghold after a struggle that claimed 20,000 lives.
- May 18 - WWII: Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government.
- June 1 - WWII: The BBC transmits a coded message (the first line of a poem by Paul Verlaine) to underground resistance fighters in France warning that the invasion of Europe is imminent.
- June 2 - WWII: The provisional French government is established.
- June 4 - WWII: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505, marking the first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century.
- June 4 - WWII: American, English and French troops enter Rome.
- June 5 - WWII: Rome falls to the Allies. It is the first capital of an Axis nation to fall.
- June 5 - WWII: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
- June 5 - WWII: At 10:15 p.m. local time, the BBC transmits the second line of the Paul Verlaine poem to the underground resistance indicating that the invasion of Europe is about to begin.
- June 6 - WWII: Battle of Normandy begins - Operation Overlord, code named D-Day, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. This operation was used to help liberate France from Germany. It also weakens Nazi Germany hold on Europe.
- June 7 - WWII: Bayeux liberated by British troops.
- June 9 - WWII: Stalin launches an offensive against Finland with the intent of defeating Finland before pushing for Berlin.
- June 10 - WWII: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
- June 13 - WWII: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England.
- June 15 - WWII: Battle of Saipan: The United States invades Saipan.
- June 17 - WWII: The proclamation and discovery of the Republic of Iceland.
- June 22 - WWII: Operation Bagration: General attack by Soviet forces to clear the German forces from Belarus which resulted in the destruction of the German Army Group Centre, possibly the greatest defeat of the Wehrmacht during WWII.
- June 22 - WWII: Burma Campaign: The Battle of Kohima ends in a British victory.
- June 25 - WWII: The Battle of Tali-Ihantala between Finnish and Soviet troops begins. Largest battle ever to be fought in the Nordic countries.
- June 26 - WWII: American troops enter Cherbourg.
- July 3 - WWII: Soviet troops liberate Minsk.
- July 3 - WWII: Battle of Imphal: Japanese forces call off their advance, ending the battle in a British victory.
- July 6 - WWII: Hartford Circus Fire: More than 100 children died in one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States.
- July 6 - WWII: At Camp Hood, Texas, future baseball star and 1st Lt. Jackie Robinson is arrested and later court-martialed for refusing to move to the back of a segregated U.S. Army bus. He is eventually acquitted.
- July 9 - WWII: British and Canadian forces capture Caen.
- July 10 - WWII: Soviet troops start the operations for occupying the Baltic countries.
- July 13 - WWII: Liberation of Vilnius.
- July 17 - WWII: The largest convoy of the war embarks from Halifax, Nova Scotia under Royal Canadian Navy protection.
- July 17 - WWII: SS E.A.Bryan, loaded with ammunition, explodes in the Port Chicago naval base - 320 dead.
- July 18 - WWII: Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
- July 20 - WWII: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt. See Claus von Stauffenberg
- July 21 - WWII: Battle of Guam - American troops land on Guam starting the battle (ends on August 10).
- July 21 - WWII: The creation of the Polish Committee for national liberation.
- July 25 - WWII: Operation Spring - One of the bloodiest days for Canadians during the war: 18,444 casualties, including 5,021 killed.
- August 1 - WWII: Warsaw Uprising begins.
- August 2 - WWII: Turkey ends diplomatic and economic relations with Germany.
- August 7 - WWII: IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
- August 12 - WWII: Allies capture Florence, Italy.
- August 12 - WWII: World's first undersea oil pipeline laid, between England and France in Operation Pluto
- August 15 - WWII: Operation Dragoon lands Allies in southern France. U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division participates in its fourth assault landing at St. Maxime, spearheading the drive for the Belfort Gap.
- August 19 - (August 25) - WWII: Victorious insurrection in Paris.
- August 23 - WWII: Ion Antonescu, prime minister of Romania, is arrested and a new government is established. Romania exits the war against Soviet Union joining the Allies.
- August 24 - WWII: Allies enter Paris.
- August 25 - WWII: Hungary decides to continue the war together with Germany.
- August 29 - WWII: Slovak National Uprising begins
- September 1 - WWII: In Bulgaria, the Bagrianov government resigns.
- September 2 - WWII: Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz. They arrive three days later.
- September 3 - WWII: Allies liberate Brussels.
- September 4 - WWII: The British 11th Armored Division liberates the city of Antwerp in Belgium.
- September 4 - WWII: Finland breaks off relations with Germany.
- September 5 - WWII: The Soviets declare war on Bulgaria.
- September 7 - WWII: The Belgian government returns from exile in Britain.
- September 8 - WWII: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
- September 8 - WWII: The French town of Menton is liberated from Germany.
- September 9 - WWII: Insurrection in Sofia.
- September 11 - WWII: Northern and Southern France invasion forces link up near Dijon.
- September 17 - WWII: Operation Market Garden begins.
- September 19 - WWII: Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union signed. (End of the Continuation War)
- September 20 - WWII: Jüri Uluots, prime minister in capacity of president of Estonia, escapes to Sweden
- September 24 - WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division takes the strongly defended city of Epinal before crossing the Moselle River and entering the western foothills of the Vosges.
- September 26 - WWII: Operation Market Garden ends in an Allied withdrawal.
- October 2 - WWII: Warsaw Uprising ends.
- October 5 - WWII: Royal Canadian Air Force pilots shoot down the first German jet fighter over France.
- October 6 - WWII: Battle of Debrecen starts on the Eastern Front (lasts until October 29)
- October 9 - WWII: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin begin a nine-day conference in Moscow to discuss the future of Europe.
- October 12 - WWII: The Allies land at Athens.
- October 13 - WWII: Riga, the capital of Latvia is taken over by the Red Army.
- October 14 - WWII: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel committed suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
- October 18 - WWII: Volkssturm founded on Hitler's orders.
- October 20 - WWII: Belgrade is liberated by Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army.
- October 20 - WWII: LNG explosion destroys a square mile (2.6 km²) of Cleveland, Ohio.
- October 21 - WWII: Aachen is the first German city to fall.
- October 23 - WWII: Naval Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines begins (lasts until October 26).
- October 25 - Florence Foster Jenkins recital in the Carnegie Hall
- October 25 - WWII: Red Army liberates Kirkenes, the first town in Norway to be liberated from German occupation.
- October 31 - Mass murderer Marcel Petiot is apprehended in Paris metro station
- November 3 - WWII: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
- November 7 - WWII: U.S. presidential election, 1944: Franklin D. Roosevelt wins reelection over Republican challenger Thomas E. Dewey to become the only U.S. president to be elected to a fourth term.
- November 7 - Passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico due to excessive speed in a declining hill. 16 killed; 50 injured.
- December 1 - WWII: Edward Stettinius Jr. becomes the last United States Secretary of State of the Roosevelt administration, by filling the seat left by Cordell Hull.
- December 3 - WWII: Civil war breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between Communists and royalists.
- December 12-13 - WWII: British units attempt to take the hilltop town of Tossignano; they are repulsed.
- December 16 - WWII: Germany begins the Ardennes offensive, later to become known as Battle of the Bulge.
- December 16 - WWII: General George C. Marshall becomes the first Five-Star General.
- December 17 - WWII: German troops carry out the Malmedy massacre.
- December 22 - WWII: Brigadier General Anthony C. McAuliffe, commander of the U.S. forces defending Bastogne, refuses to accept demands for surrender by sending a one-word reply, "Nuts!", to the German command.
- December 24 - WWII: The Bulge reaches its deepest point at Celles.
- December 26 - WWII: American troops repulse German forces at Bastogne.
- December 30 - WWII: King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving his throne vacant.
- December 31 - WWII: Hungary declares war on Germany.
- January 5 - The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
- January 15 - Earthquake in San Juan, Argentina, kills 8000-10000 people.
- February 26 - - Shooting begins of the Nazi propaganda film, "The Fuehrer Gives a Village to the Jews" in Theresienstadt.
- March 1 - USS Tarawa laid down
- March 4 - In Ossining, New York, Louis Buchalter, the leader of 1930s crime syndicate Murder, Inc., is executed at Sing Sing.
- March 24 - In the Polish village of Markowa, German police kill Józef and Wiktoria Ulm, their six children and eight Jewish people they were hiding.
- May 30 - Princess Charlotte Louise Juliette Louvet Grimaldi of Monaco, heir to the throne resigns from her rights in favor of her son Prince Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi, later reigning Prince Rainier III of Monaco.
- June 17 - Iceland declares full independence from Denmark.
- July 1 - Start of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.
- July 6 - A fire broke out during a performance of the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey circus in Hartford, Connecticut, resulting in the deaths of 168 people, most of them children. See Hartford Circus Fire
- July 22 - End of Bretton Woods conference and signing of Agreements.
- August 4 - Holocaust: A tip from a Dutch informer leads the Gestapo to a sealed-off area in an Amsterdam warehouse where they find Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family.
- August 5 - Holocaust: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
- August 7 - IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I).
- August 9 - The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey the Bear for the first time.
- September 2 - Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz. They arrive three days later.
- October 2 - Holocaust: Nazi troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
- October 8 - The radio show, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts.
- October 10 - Holocaust: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at Auschwitz death camp
- November 22 - William Lyon Mackenzie King introduces conscription in Canada (see Conscription Crisis of 1944).
- In Sweden, the law of 1864 that criminalizes homosexuality is abolished.
- Swedish author of children's books Astrid Lindgren publishes her first book Pippi Longstocking.
- In Sweden, Erik Wallenberg and Ruben Rausing invent a way to package milk in paper and start the company Tetra Pak.
- Barbados General election - Grantley Adams, black lawyer, first majority party leader in the House of Assembly, as leader of Barbados Labour Party
- Hans Asperger publishes his paper on Asperger's Syndrome
- The Mad Gasser of Mattoon carries out a series of mysterious attacks in Mattoon, Illinois.
- National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence established.
- Canadian Arctic explorer Henry Larsen becomes the first person to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage in a schooner. He would chronicle the event in his autobiography, entitled “The Big Ship” (ASIN: B000ETAS4K).<ref>"Year by Year 1944" -- History Channel International</ref>
- January 1 - Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir President of the Sudan
- January 2 - Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
- January 6
- January 9 - Jimmy Page, English guitarist (Led Zeppelin)
- January 12 - Joe Frazier, American boxer
- January 17 - Françoise Hardy, French singer
- January 18 - Paul Keating, twenty-fourth Prime Minister of Australia
- January 19 - Shelley Fabares, American actress and singer
- January 23 - Rutger Hauer, Dutch actor
- January 25 - Anita Pallenberg, Italian model and actress
- January 26 - Angela Davis, American feminist and activist
- January 27
- January 28 - Susan Howard, American actress
- February 3 - Dave Davies, British musician (The Kinks)
- February 5 - Al Kooper, American musician (Blood, Sweat, and Tears)
- February 9 - Alice Walker, American writer
- February 10 - Vernor Vinge, American writer
- February 11 - Michael G. Oxley, American politician
- February 12 - Moe Bandy, country music singer
- February 13
- February 14
- February 16 - Richard Ford, American writer
- February 17 - Karl Jenkins, Welsh composer
- February 20 - Willem van Hanegem, Dutch football player and coach
- February 22
- February 23 - Johnny Winter, American musician
- February 24 - Nicky Hopkins, British musician (d. 1994)
- February 27 - Ken Grimwood, American writer (d. 2003)
- February 28 - Sepp Maier, German footballer
- March 1
- March 2 - Uschi Glas, German actress
- March 4 - Harvey Postlethwaite, British engineer and race car designer (d. 1999)
- March 4 - Mary Wilson (singer), American singer
- March 4 - Bobby Womack, American singer and songwriter
- March 6 - Kiri Te Kanawa, New Zealand soprano
- March 11 - Don Maclean, British comedian
- March 12 - Purnima Panjari mother of Parimal and Priti
- March 15 - Sly Stone, American singer
- March 17 - John Sebastian, American singer and songwriter (The Lovin' Spoonful)
- March 19
- March 21 - Timothy Dalton, Welsh actor
- March 24 - R. Lee Ermey, U.S. Marine and actor
- March 26 - Diana Ross, American singer (The Supremes)
- March 28 - Rick Barry, American basketball player
- March 29 - Denny McLain, baseball player
- April 3 - Tony Orlando, American musician
- April 4 - Magda Aelvoet, Belgian politician
- April 6 - Felicity Palmer, English soprano
- April 7 - Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
- April 8 - Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
- April 11 - John Milius, American film director, producer, and screenwriter
- April 13 - Jack Casady, American musician (Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna)
- April 19 - James Heckman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 22 - Steve Fossett, American millionaire adventurer
- April 27 - Michael Fish, British TV weatherman
- April 28 - Jean-Claude Van Cauwenberghe, Belgian politician
- April 29 - Richard Kline, American actor and television director
- April 30 - Jill Clayburgh, American actress
- May 1 - Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
- May 4 - Paul Gleason, American actor (d. 2006)
- May 5 - John Rhys-Davies, Welsh actor
- May 8 - Gary Glitter, English singer
- May 9 - Richie Furay, American musician (Poco and Buffalo Springfield)
- May 10 - Jim Abrahams, American film director
- May 12 - Sara Kestelman, British actor
- May 13 - Armistead Maupin, American author
- May 14 - George Lucas, American film director and producer
- May 20 - Joe Cocker, British singer
- May 20 - Boudewijn de Groot, Dutch singer
- May 20 - Dietrich Mateschitz, Austrian businessman
- May 21 - Mary Robinson, President of Ireland
- May 23 - John Newcombe, Australian tennis player
- May 25 - Frank Oz, English puppeteer and film director
- May 28 - Rudy Giuliani, Mayor of New York City
- May 28 - Gladys Knight, American singer
- May 28 - Patricia Quinn, Northern Irish actress
- May 30 - Meredith MacRae, American actress (d. 2000)
- June 1 - Robert Powell, English actor
- June 3 - Edith McGuire, American sprinter
- June 5 - Tommie Smith, American athlete
- June 5 - Colm Wilkinson, Irish singer
- June 6 - Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- June 8 - Mark Belanger, baseball player (d. 1998)
- June 24 - Jeff Beck, British musician
- June 24 - John "Charlie" Whitney, British rock guitarist (Family)
- June 29 - Gary Busey, American actor
- June 30 - Raymond Moody, parapsychologist
- July 13 - Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor
- July 17 - Mark Burgess, New Zealand cricket captains
- July 21
- July 23 - Alex Buzo, of Sydney, Australian playwright and author (d. 2006)
- July 27 - Tony Capstick, English comedian, actor, and musician (d. 2003)
- July 31 - Geraldine Chaplin, American actress
- July 31 - Robert C. Merton, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 2 - Jim Capaldi, British drummer, singer, and songwriter (Traffic) (d. 2005)
- August 4 - Richard Belzer, American actor and comedian
- August 8 - Brooke Bundy, American actress
- August 9 - Sam Elliott, American actor
- August 11 - Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
- August 15 - Sylvie Vartan, Bulgarian singer
- August 19 - Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
- August 21
- August 23 - Saira Banu, Indian actress
- August 26 - HRH Prince Richard of Gloucester
- August 31 - Roger Dean, British artist
- September 1 - Leonard Slatkin, American conductor
- September 7 - Earl Manigault, American basketball player (d. 1998)
- September 7 - Bora Milutinovic, Serbian football coach
- September 12 - Leonard Peltier, U.S. Presidential candidate
- September 12 - Barry White, American singer (d. 2003)
- September 16 - Betty Kelley, American singer (Martha and the Vandellas)
- September 21 - Hamilton Jordan, Carter's first Chief of Staff
- September 22 - Frazer Hines, British actor
- September 25 - Michael Douglas, American actor
- September 26 - Anne Robinson, British television host
- September 30 - Jimmy Johnstone, Scottish footballer
- October 9 - John Entwistle, English bassist (The Who) (d. 2002)
- October 9 - Nona Hendryx, singer (LaBelle)
- October 9 - Peter Tosh, Jamaican singer and musician (d. 1987)
- October 15 - David Trimble, Northern Irish politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- October 28 - Dennis Franz, American actor
- October 28 - Ian Marter, British actor (d. 1986)
- November 7 - Joe Niekro, baseball player (d. 2006)
- November 10 - Silvestre Reyes, American politician
- November 12 - Booker T. Jones, American musician, singer, and songwriter (Booker T. and the M.G.'s)
- November 12 - Al Michaels, American sportscaster
- November 17 - Danny DeVito, American actor
- November 17 - Rem Koolhaas, Dutch architect
- November 17 - Lorne Michaels, Canadian film producer
- November 17 - Tom Seaver, baseball player
- November 18 - Wolfgang Joop, German artist, fashion designer and art collector
- November 21 - Richard Durbin, American politician
- November 24 - Ibrahim Gambari, Nigerian scholar and diplomat
- November 25 - Ben Stein, American law professor, actor, and author
- December 2 - Ibrahim Rugova, first President of Kosovo (d. 2006)
- December 6 - Jonathan King, British music producer
- December 7 - Daniel Chorzempa, American organist
- December 12 - Kenneth Cranham, Scottish born actor
- December 17 - Jack L. Chalker, American novelist (d. 2005)
- December 21 - Michael Tilson Thomas, American conductor
- December 21 - Bill Atkinson, English footballer
- December 22 - Steve Carlton, baseball player
- December 23 - Wesley Clark, U.S. general and NATO Supreme Allied Commander
- December 25 - Jairzinho, Brazilian football player
- December 28 - Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
For more 1944 deaths see Category:1944 deaths
January - March
- January 1 - Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
- January 6 - Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
- January 10 - William Emerson Ritter, American biologist (b. 1856)
- January 11 - Edgard Potier, Belgian spy (b. 1903)
- January 20 - James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
- January 23 - Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (b. 1863)
- January 31
- February 1 - Piet Mondriaan, Dutch painter (b. 1872)
- February 4 - Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress (b. 1867)
- February 11 - Carl Meinhof, German linguist (b. 1857)
- February 21 - Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian-born race car driver (b. 1873)
- March 4 - Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster, head of Murder, Inc. (b. 1897)
- March 5 - Max Jacob, French poet (b. 1876)
- March 22 - Pierre Brossolette, journalist and French Resistance fighter (b. 1903)
- March 24 - Orde Wingate, British soldier (b. 1903)
April - June
- April 9 - Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
- April 17 - J.T. Hearne English cricketer (b. 1867)
- April 25 - George Herriman, American cartoonist (b. 1880)
- April 28 - Paul Poiret, French couturier (b. 1879)
- April 29 - Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)
- May 12 - Max Brand, American author (b. 1892)
- May 12 - Q, British writer (b. 1863)
- May 16 - George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
- June 27 - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician, champion of regional integration in Europe (b. 1878)
July - September
- July 6 - Andrée Borrel, French World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1919)
- July 6 - Vera Leigh, English World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1903)
- July 6 - Sonia Olschanezky, German World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1923)
- July 6 - Diana Rowden, English World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1915)
- July 7 - Georges Mandel, French politician and World War II hero (executed) (b. 1885)
- July 26 - Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (b. 1877)
- July 31 - Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (b. 1900)
- August 1 -Manuel L. Quezon, Philippine president (b. 1878)
- August 8 - Chaim Soutine, Russian painter (b. 1893)
- August 12 - Suzanne Spaak, Belgian World War II heroine (executed)
- August 23 - Abdul Mejid II, Caliph of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1868)
- August 26 - Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (executed) (b. 1909)
- August 26 - Hans Leesment, Estonian general
- August 27 - Princess Mafalda of Savoy (executed) (b. 1902)
- September 6 - Gustave Biéler, Swiss World War II hero (executed) (b. 1904)
- September 9 - Robert Benoist, French race car driver and war hero (executed) (b. 1895)
- September 11 - Yolande Beekman, French World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1911)
- September 11 - Madeleine Damerment, French World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1917)
- September 11 - Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1914)
- September 13 - Heath Robinson, British cartoonist and illustrator (b. 1872)
- September 14 - John Kenneth Macalister, Canadian World War II hero (executed) (b. 1914)
- September 14 - Frank Pickersgill, Canadian World War II hero (executed) (b. 1915)
- September 14 - Roméo Sabourin, Canadian World War II hero (executed) (b. 1923)
- September 16 - Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
October - December
- October 4 - Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
- October 8 - Wendell Willkie, American politician (b. 1892)
- October 14 - Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (b. 1891)
- October 21 - Alois Kayser, German missionary (b. 1877)
- October 23 - Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
- October 26 - HRH The Princess Beatrice, youngest and last living child of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
- October 26 - William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
- November 2 - Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
- November 5 - Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
- November 7 - Hannah Szenes, Hungarian World War II heroine (executed) (b. 1921)
- December 2 - Josef Lhévinne, Russian pianist (b. 1874)
- December 4 - Roger Bresnahan, baseball player (b. 1879)
- December 13 - Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-born artist (b. 1866)
- December 30 - Romain Rolland, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
- Joseph Campbell, Northern Irish poet and lyricist (b. 1879)
- Bishop James Cannon, Jr., American religious and temperance movement leader (b. 1864)
- Gerald Haxton secretary and lover of the famous novelist and playwright W. Somerset Maugham (b. 1892)
- Physics - Isidor Isaac Rabi
- Chemistry - Otto Hahn
- Medicine - Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Spencer Gasser
- Literature - Johannes Vilhelm Jensen
- Peace - International Committee of the Red Cross.
- "Year by Year 1944" -- History Channel International
- "Year by Year 1944" -- History Channel International