- This article is about the year. For the 1984 Capcom arcade game, see 1942 (video game). For the Hindi movie, see 1942 a love story.
|Centuries:||19th century - 20th century - 21st century|
|Decades:|| 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s
|Years:||1939 1940 1941 - 1942 - 1943 1944 1945|
|1942 by topic:|
| Architecture - Art - Film - Literature |
Music (Country) - Television
|Science and technology|
| Archaeology - Aviation |
Meteorology - Rail transport - Science
| Australia - Canada - India - Ireland|
Malaysia - New Zealand - Singapore - South Africa - Soviet Union - UK - Wales - Zimbabwe
| Awards - Sport - Law - State leaders|
Sovereign states - Religious leaders
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
- January 1 - WWII: The term "United Nations" is first officially used to describe the Allied pact.
- January 2 - WWII: Manila is captured by Japanese forces. The Japanese Admiral stays in Solvec (owned by Charles Henry de Silva), Philippines.
- January 7 - WWII: Siege of the Bataan Peninsula begins.
- January 10 - WWII: The last German air-raid on Liverpool. This raid destroyed the home of William Patrick Hitler, Adolf Hitler's nephew. After his house was destroyed William Hitler went to the USA and joined the navy to fight against his uncle.
- January 11 - WWII: Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Netherlands East Indies.
- January 11 - WWII: The Japanese capture Kuala Lumpur.
- January 19 - WWII: Japanese forces invade Burma.
- January 20 - WWII: Nazis at the Wannsee conference in Berlin decide that the "final solution to the Jewish problem" is relocation, and later extermination.
- January 23 - WWII: The Battle of Rabaul begins.
- January 25 - WWII: Thailand declares war on the United States and United Kingdom.
- January 26 - WWII: The first American forces arrive in Europe landing in Northern Ireland.
- January 31 - WWII: The last organised Allied forces leave Malaya, ending the 54-day campaign.
- February 9 - WWII: Top United States military leaders hold their first formal meeting to discuss American military strategy in the war.
- February 9 - Daylight-saving time goes into effect in the United States.
- February 11 - Operation Cerberus - Flotilla of Kriegsmarine ships dash from Brest through the English Channel to northern ports; British fail to sink any one of them.
- February 15 - WWII: Singapore surrenders to Japanese forces.
- February 19 - WWII: 242 Japanese warplanes attack Darwin, Australia.
- February 19 - WWII: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs executive order 9066 allowing the United States military to define areas as exclusionary zones. These zones affect the Japanese on the West Coast, and Germans and Italians primarily on the East Coast.
- February 20 - Lieutenant Edward O'Hare becomes America's first World War II flying ace.
- February 22 - WWII: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defense of the nation collapses.
- February 23 - The Japanese submarine I-17 fires sixteen high-explosive shells toward an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, causing little damage.
- February 24 - Propaganda: The Voice of America begins broadcasting.
- February 25 - Princess Elizabeth registers for war service.
- February 26 - The worst Coal dust explosion to date occurs in Honkeiko, China. It claims 1549 lives. The growth of the coal mining industry was a major goal of Mao Zedong's first Five-Year Plan.<ref>"Year by Year 1942" -- History Channel International</ref>
- February 27 - WWII: During the Battle of the Java Sea an allied (ABDA) task force under Dutch command, trying to stem a Japanese invasion of the Dutch East Indies is defeated by a Japanese task force in the Java Sea.
- March 9 - Executive Order 9082 (February 28, 1942) reorganized the United States Army into three major commands - Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, and Services of Supply, later redesignated Army Service Forces.
- March 28 - British Commandos raided St Nazaire on the coast of Western France.
- April 3 - WWII: Japanese forces begin an all-out assault on the United States and Filipino troops on the Bataan Peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began.
- April 5 - WWII: Japanese Navy attacks Colombo in Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Royal Navy Cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
- April 9 - WWII: Japanese Navy launches air raid on Trincomalee in Ceylon (Sri Lanka); Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier HMS Hermes and Royal Australian Navy Destroyer HMAS Vampire are sunk off the country's East Coast.
- April 15 - WWII:King George VI awards the George Cross to Malta, "To honour her brave people I award the George Cross to the Island Fortress of Malta, to bear witness to a heroism and a devotion that will long be famous in history." From January 1 to July 24, 1942, there was only one 24-hour period during which no bombs fell on ths tiny Island.
- April 18 - Tokyo, Japan is bombed by B-25 Mitchells commanded by then-Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle.
- April 27 - WWII: A national plebiscite is held in Canada on the issue of conscription.
- April 29 - WWII: Explosion at a chemical factory in Tessenderlo, Belgium leaves 200 dead and 1,000 injured.
- May - first test of an undersea oil pipeline in Operation Pluto.
- May 5 - WWII: Operation Ironclad - United Kingdom forces invades French colony of Madagascar.
- May 6 - WWII: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
- May 8 - WWII: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end. This is the first time in the naval history where two enemy fleets fought without seeing each other's fleets.
- May 8/May 9 - WWII: On the night of 8/9 May 1942, gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebelled. Their mutiny was crushed and three of them were executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War.
- May 12 - WWII: Second Battle of Kharkov - In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates a major offensive. During the battle the Soviets will capture the city of Kharkov from the German Army, only to be encircled and destroyed.
- May 15 - WWII: In the United States, a bill creating the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
- May 20 - First African-American seamen taken into US Navy.
- May 21 - WWII: Mexico declares war against Nazi Germany after the sinking of the Mexican tanker Faja de Oro by the German U-boat, U-160, off Key West.
- May 27 - WWII: Operation Anthropoid - attempted assassination of Reinhard Heydrich in Prague.
- June 1 - WWII: Mexico declares war on Germany, Italy and Japan.
- June 4 - WWII: Reinhard Heydrich succumbs to wounds sustained on May 27 from Czechoslovakian paratroopers acting in Operation Anthropoid
- June 4-June 7 - WWII: The Battle of Midway.
- June 7 - WWII: Japanese forces invade the Aleutian Islands. This is the first invasion of American soil in 128 years.
- June 9 - WWII: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice as reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
- June 10 - WWII: the Gestapo massacred 173 male residents of Lidice, Czechoslovakia in retaliation for the killing of a Nazi official.
- June 12 - Holocaust: Future essayist Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
- June 13 - The United States opens its Office of War Information, a center for production of propaganda.
- July 1 - July 27 - WWII: the First Battle of El Alamein.
- July 3 - Guadalcanal falls to the Japanese.
- July 9 - Holocaust: Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in an attic above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
- July 13 - WWII: German U-Boats sink three more merchant ships in Gulf of St. Lawrence.
- July 16 - Holocaust: On order from the Vichy France government headed by Pierre Laval, French police officers round-up 13,000-20,000 Jews and imprison them in the Winter Velodrome.
- July 16 - Georges Bégué and others escape from Mauzac prison camp.
- July 18 - WWII: The Germans test fly the Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jets for the first time.
- July 19 - WWII: Battle of the Atlantic - German Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz orders the last U-boats to withdraw from their United States Atlantic coast positions in response to an effective American convoy system.
- July 21 - Japanese establish beachhead on the north coast of New Guinea in the Buna-Gona area; small Australian force begins rearguard action on the Kokoda Track Campaign.
- July 22 - Holocaust: The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
- July 29 - The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR institutes the Order of Suvorov, the Order of Kutuzov, and reinstates the Order of Alexander Nevsky.
- July 31 - The Oxford Committee of Famine Relief (OXFAM) founded.
- August 7 - WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - US Marines initiate the first American offensive of the war with a landing on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
- August 8 - WWII: In Washington, DC, six German would-be saboteurs are executed (two others were cooperative and received life imprisonment instead).
- August 8 - Quit India resolution was passed by the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC), which led to the start of a historical civil disobidience movement across India.
- August 9 - Indian leader, Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces.
- August 9 - FC Start, led by Nikolai Trusevich, play football against the German Luftwaffe team Flakelf in Nazi-occupied Kiev. Against all odds, they win 5-3. They are later arrested and tortured, and most are killed.
- August 13 - 14 night - In London instruments detect a massive burst of cosmic rays.
- August 15 - WWII: SS Ohio, an American tanker, reaches Malta as part of the convoy of Operation Pedestal.
- August 16 - Polish-Jewish teacher Janusz Korczak follows a group of Jewish children into Treblinka death camp.
- August 19 - WWII: The Dieppe Raid - Allied forces raid Dieppe, France.
- August 22 - WWII: Brazil declared war on Germany and Italy.
- August 25 - WWII: Japanese marines land at Milne Bay.
- August 30 - Luxembourg is formally annexed to the German Reich.
- September 3 - Francisco Franco fires foreign minister Serrano Súñer.
- September 3 - An attempt by the Germans to liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Lakhva leads to an uprising.
- September 5 - WWII: Japanese forces suffer their first defeat on land at the Battle of Milne Bay.
- September 12 - RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks.
- September 24 - Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac became the first female SOE agents to be parachuted into occupied France.
- October 2 - British cruiser Curacao collides with the liner Queen Mary off the coast of Donegal and sinks - 338 drowned.
- October 3 - First successful launch of A-4 rocket from Test Stand VII at Peenemünde, Germany. The rocket flew 147 kilometres wide and reached a height of 84.5 kilometres and was therefore the first man-made object reaching space.
- October 9 - Statute of Westminster Adoption Act formalizes Australian autonomy.
- October 11 - WWII: Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
- October 14 - A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.
- October 16 - Hurricane and flooding in Bombay - 40,000 dead.
- October 23 - Award-winning composer and Hollywood songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory") is among the 12 people killed in the midair collision between an American Airlines DC-3 airliner and a U.S. Army bomber near Palm Springs, California.
- October 23 - November 4 - WWII: the Second Battle of El Alamein.
- October 28 - The Alaska Highway is completed.
- October 29 - Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
- November 2 - USAF forces, including B-24 Liberator's fly toward Oran, Africa. The squad intercepts many Luftwaffe patrols off the coast of Oran. The US Force won the air battle.
- November 3 - WWII: Second Battle of El Alamein ends - German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
- November 8 - WWII: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
- November 8 - WWII: French Resistance Coup in Algiers, by which 400 French civil resistants neutralized the Vichyist XIXth Army Corps and the Vichyist generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), so allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers, and from there in the whole French North Africa.
- November 9 - WWII: U.S serviceman Edward Leonswki hanged at Melbourne's Pentridge Prison for the "Brown-Out" Murders of three women in May.
- November 10 - WWII: In violation of a 1940 armistice, Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa.
- November 12 - WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal begins - A naval battle near Guadalcanal starts between Japanese and American forces.
- November 13 - WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal - Aviators from the USS Enterprise sink the Japanese battleship Hiei.
- November 15 - WWII: Battle of Guadalcanal ends - Although the United States Navy suffered heavy losses, it was able to retain control of Guadalcanal.
- November 19 - WWII: Battle of Stalingrad - Soviet Union forces under General Georgy Zhukov launch the Operation Uranus counterattacks at Stalingrad, turning the tide of the battle in the USSR's favor.
- November 21 - The completion of the Alaska Highway (also known as the Alcan Highway) is celebrated (the "highway" was not usable by general vehicles until 1943, however).
- November 22 - WWII: Battle of Stalingrad - The situation for the German attackers of Stalingrad seems desperate during the Soviet counter-attack Operation Uranus and General Friedrich Paulus sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German Sixth Army is surrounded.
- November 23 - German U-boat sinks SS Ben Lomond off the coast of Brazil. One crewman, Chinese second steward Poon Lim, is separated from the others and spends 130 days adrift until he is rescued April 3 1943.
- November 26 - The movie Casablanca premiered at the Hollywood Theater in New York City.
- November 27 - WWII: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.
- November 28 - In Boston, Massachusetts, a fire in the Cocoanut Grove night club kills 491 people.
- November 28 - The large-scale German "pacification" of Zamojszczyzna region of Poland begins.
- December 2 - Manhattan Project: Below the bleachers of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, a team led by Enrico Fermi initiate the first self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction (a coded message, "The Italian navigator has landed in the new world" was then sent to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt).
- December 4 - Holocaust: In Warsaw, two women, Zofia Kossak and Wanda Filipowicz risk their lives by setting up the Council for the Assistance of the Jews.
- December 7 - British commandos conduct Operation Frankton a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour.
- December 24 - French Admiral Darlan, the former Vichy leader who had switched over to the Allies following the Torch landings, assassinated in Algiers.
- Catavi massacre - Bolivian soldiers shoot miners.
- Serial killer Singing Strangler in Melbourne.
- Grand Coulee Dam finished in Columbia River.
- DDT first used as a pesticide.
- C.S. Lewis publishes The Screwtape Letters.
- World War II (1939-1945)
- Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
- 1942 in film
- 1942 in literature
- 1942 in music
- "White Christmas" - Bing Crosby
- 1942 in television
- January 1 - Martin Frost, American politician
- January 1 - Gennadi Sarafanov, cosmonaut
- January 2 - Hugh Shelton, American Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- January 3 - John Thaw, English actor (d. 2002)
- January 5 - Maurizio Pollini, Italian pianist
- January 5 - Charlie Rose, American talk show host
- January 5 - Jan Leeming, Former BBC newsreader
- January 7 - Vasily Alexeev, Soviet weightlifter
- January 8 - Stephen Hawking, British physicist
- January 8 - Junichiro Koizumi, Prime Minister of Japan
- January 8 - Yvette Mimieux, American actress
- January 8 - George Passmore, English artist (Gilbert and George)
- January 14 - Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal, Chief Justice of India
- January 15 - Charo, American singer and actress
- January 17 - Muhammad Ali, American boxer
- January 17 - Cus D'Amato, boxing manager (d. 1985)
- January 17 - Ulf Hoelscher, German violinist
- January 17 - Nancy Parsons, American actress (d. 2001)
- January 19 - Michael Crawford, singer and actor
- January 25 - Carl Eller, American football player
- January 25 - Eusébio, Portuguese footballer
- January 31 - Derek Jarman, English director and writer (d. 1994)
- January 31 - Daniela Bianchi, Italian actress
- February 1 - Terry Jones, Welsh actor and writer
- February 2 - Graham Nash, American (English-born) rock musician
- February 5 - Roger Staubach, American football player
- February 9 - Carole King, American singer and composer
- February 12 - Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel
- February 13 - Peter Tork, American musician and actor
- February 14 - Andrew Robinson, American actor
- February 19 - Paul Krause, American football player
- February 20 - Phil Esposito, Canadian hockey player
- February 21 - Margarethe von Trotta, German actress, film director, and writer
- February 24 - Joseph Lieberman, American politician
- February 27 - Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- February 28 - Brian Jones, English musician (The Rolling Stones) (d. 1969)
- March 2 - John Irving, American author
- March 2 - Lou Reed, American singer and guitarist
- March 4 - Charles C. Krulak, U.S. Marine Corps commander
- March 4 - Gloria Gaither, American gospel songwriter
- March 5 - Felipe González Márquez, Spanish politician
- March 7 - Tammy Faye Bakker, American evangelist
- March 7 - Michael Eisner, American film studio executive
- March 9 - John Cale, Welsh composer and musician
- March 13 - Dave Cutler, American software engineer
- March 13 - Scatman John, American musician (d. 1999)
- March 16 - James Soong, Taiwan politician
- March 17 - John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer (d. 1994)
- March 23 - Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure
- March 25 - Aretha Franklin, American singer
- March 25 - Richard O'Brien, English-born actor and writer
- March 26 - Erica Jong, American author
- March 27 - John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- March 27 - Michael York, English actor
- March 28 - Neil Kinnock, British statesman
- March 28 - Mike Newell, British film director
- March 28 - Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
- March 28 - Jerry Sloan, American basketball coach
- March 29 - Scott Wilson, American actor
- April 2 - Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef
- April 3 - Marsha Mason, American actress
- April 3 - Wayne Newton, American singer
- April 4 - Elizabeth Levy, American author
- April 5 - Peter Greenaway, Welsh filmmaker
- April 5 - Pascal Couchepin, Swiss Federal Councilor
- April 6 - Barry Levinson, American film producer and director
- April 8 - Roger Chapman, British rock singer (Family, Streetwalkers)
- April 14 - Valeriy Brumel, Russian athlete (d. 2003)
- April 14 - Valentin Lebedev, cosmonaut
- April 15 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)
- April 17 - David Bradley, British actor
- April 17 - Buster Williams, American jazz bassist
- April 26 - Bobby Rydell, American singer
- April 26 - Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
- April 26 - Claudine Auger, French actress
- April 27 - Jim Keltner, American drummer
- May 2 - Jacques Rogge, Belgian International Olympic Committee president
- May 5 - Tammy Wynette, American musician (d. 1998)
- May 8 - Terry Neill, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
- May 9 - John Ashcroft, United States Attorney General
- May 12 - Ian Dury, British musician (d. 2000)
- May 17 - Taj Mahal, American singer and guitarist
- May 18 - Albert Hammond, English-born musician and composer
- May 18 - Nobby Stiles, English footballer
- May 19 - Gary Kildall, American computer scientist (d. 1994)
- May 20 - David Proval, American actor
- May 22 - Theodore Kaczynski, American bomber
- May 22 - Calvin Simon, American musician (P Funk)
- May 26 - Levon Helm, American musician (The Band)
- May 28 - Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- June 3 - Curtis Mayfield, American musician (d. 1999)
- June 3 - Frank McRae, American actor
- June 10 - Preston Manning, Canadian politician
- June 12 - Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate
- June 17 - Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian International Atomic Energy Agency director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
- June 17 - Roger Steffens, Reggae archivist, actor, author, Bob Marley biographer
- June 18 - Roger Ebert, American film critic
- June 18 - Paul McCartney, English musician and composer (The Beatles)
- June 18 - Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor
- June 19 - Michael Broggie, Disney historian and author
- June 19 - Ralna English, American singer
- June 20 - Brian Wilson, American singer (The Beach Boys)
- June 24 - Mick Fleetwood, English drummer (Fleetwood Mac)
- June 24 - Bruce Johnston, American musician (The Beach Boys)
- June 24 - Michele Lee, American singer, dancer and actress
- June 28 - David Miner, musician and record producer
- July 4 - Floyd Little, American football player
- July 4 - Prince Michael of Kent
- July 7 - Carmen Duncan, Welsh-born actress
- July 9 - Richard Roundtree, African-American actor
- July 10 - Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
- July 10 - Ronnie James Dio, American singer
- July 13 - Harrison Ford, American actor and producer
- July 13 - Roger McGuinn, American musician (The Byrds)
- July 15 - Mil Mascaras, Mexican professional wrestler
- July 18 - Adolf Ogi, member of the Swiss Federal Council
- July 23 - Myra Hindley, English murderer
- July 24 - Chris Sarandon, American actor
- July 27 - Dennis Ralston, American tennis player
- July 28 - Kaari Utrio, Finnish writer
- July 29 - Tony Sirico, American actor
- August 1 - Jerry Garcia, American musician (d. 1995), (Grateful Dead)
- August 2 - Isabel Allende, Chilean writer
- August 4 - David Lange, Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 2005)
- August 7 - Garrison Keillor, American writer and radio host
- August 17 - Roshan Seth, British Indian actor
- August 19 - Fred Dalton Thompson, U.S. Senator and actor
- August 20 - Isaac Hayes, American singer and actor
- August 26 - Dennis Turner (Lord Bilston), British politician
- August 28 - Sterling Morrison, American musician (d. 1995)
- September 1 - John Lange, American scientist
- September 3 - John Shrapnel, English actor
- September 14 - Bernard MacLaverty, Irish writer
- September 17 - Desmond Lynam, British TV presenter
- September 19 - Freda Payne, American singer and actress
- September 22 - David Stern, American commissioner of the National Basketball Association
- September 25 - Robert Miano, American actor
- September 28 - Marshall Bell, American actor
- September 29 - Madeline Kahn, American actress (d. 1999)
- September 29 - Ian McShane, English actor
- September 29 - Jean-Luc Ponty, French jazz violinist
- September 30 - Frankie Lymon, American singer (d. 1968)
- October 6 - Britt Ekland, Swedish actress
- October 6 - Fred Travalena, American comedian and impressionist
- October 11 - Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
- October 12 - Melvin Franklin, American musician (d. 1995)
- October 13 - Jerry Jones, American football team owner
- October 15 - Penny Marshall, American actress, producer and director
- October 19 - Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
- October 20 - Earl Hindman, American actor (d. 2003)
- October 20 - Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- October 21 - Elvin Bishop, American musician
- October 22 - Annette Funicello, American actress
- October 23 - Michael Crichton, American author
- October 26 - Bob Hoskins, British actor
- October 26 - Chelcie Ross, American actor
- October 31 - David Ogden Stiers, American voice-over artist
- November 1 - Larry Flynt, American publisher
- November 1 - Ralph Klein, Premier of Alberta
- November 2 - Stefanie Powers, American actress
- November 8 - Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey
- November 8 - Fernando Sorrentino, Argentine writer
- November 10 - Robert F. Engle, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- November 10 - Hans-Rudolf Merz, Swiss Federal Councilor
- November 13 - John P. Hammond, American singer
- November 15 - Daniel Barenboim, Argentine-born pianist and conductor
- November 17 - Martin Scorsese, American film director
- November 18 - Linda Evans, American actress
- November 18 - Susan Sullivan, American actress
- November 20 - Joe Biden, U.S. Senator from Delaware
- November 22 - Francis K. Butagira, Ugandan ambassador
- November 24 - Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian
- November 26 - Khalil Kalfat, Egyptian intellectual and writer
- November 27 - Henry Carr, American athlete
- November 27 - Jimi Hendrix, American musician (d. 1970)
- November 27 - Manolo Blahnik, Spanish shoe designer
- November 28 - Paul Warfield, American football player
- November 29 - Michael Craze, British actor (d. 1998)
- November 29 - Philippe Huttenlocher, Swiss baritone
- December 4 - Gemma Jones, British actress
- December 6 - Peter Handke, Austrian novelist
- December 7 - Peter Tomarken, American game show host (d. 2006)
- December 9 - Dick Butkus, American football player
- December 11 - Donna Mills, American actress
- December 17 - Paul Butterfield, American musician (d. 1987)
- December 20 - Bob Hayes, American athlete
- December 21 - Carla Thomas, American singer
- December 23 - Jorma Kaukonen, American musician (Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna)
- December 27 - Charmian Carr, American actress
- December 29 - Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor
- December 30 - Betty Aberlin, American actress
- December 31 - Andy Summers, English guitarist
- Roger Angleton, American murderer (d. 1998)
- Priscilla Davis, American socialite (d. 2001)
- George Negus, Australian author, journalist, and television presenter.
- Moammar Al Qadhafi, leader of Libya
- January 6 - Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian International Olympic Committee president (b. 1876)
- January 14 - Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (b. 1883)
- January 16 - Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
- January 16 - Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, second youngest son of Queen Victoria (b. 1850)
- January 26 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (suicide) (b. 1868)
- February 14 - Mirosław Ferić, Polish pilot of the No. 303 Squadron in Northolt (b. 1915)
- February 19 - Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
- February 22 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (suicide with wife) (b. 1881)
- February 28 - Karel Doorman, Dutch admiral (sinking ship) (b. 1889)
- March 1 - Cornelius Vanderbilt III, American military officer, inventor, and engineer (b. 1873)
- March 8 - José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban chess player (b. 1888)
- March 10 - William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
- March 21 - J.S Woodsworth, Canadian politician (b. 1874)
- April 15 - Robert Musil, Austrian-born novelist (b. 1880)
- April 16 - Princess Alexandra of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria
- April 17 - Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
- April 18 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and socialite (b. 1875)
- April 24 - Dinanath Mangeshkar, Indian singer and composer (b. 1900)
- May 3 - Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1873)
- May 7 - Felix Weingartner, Yugoslavian conductor (b. 1863)
- May 27 - Chen Duxiu, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (b. 1879)
- May 29 - John Barrymore, American actor (b. 1882)
- June 4 - Reinhard Heydrich, chief of the Nazi Reich Main Security Office and Reich governor of Bohemia and Moravia (assassinated) (b. 1904)
- June 7 - Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
- June 30 - William Henry Jackson, American photographer (b. 1843)
- July 23 - Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer and senator (suicide) (b. 1880)
- July 26 - Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (b. 1900)
- July 28 - William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (b. 1853)
- August 3 - Richard Willstätter, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1872)
- August 25- Prince George, Duke of Kent, fourth eldest son of King George V
- September 14 - Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist (b. 1855)
- October 23 - Ralph Rainger, American composer and Hollywood songwriter (b. 1901)
- November 1 - Hugo Distler, German composer (b. 1908)
- November 5 - George M. Cohan, American songwriter and entertainer (b. 1878)
- November 19 - Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (shot) (b. 1892)
- November 21 - Leopold Graf Berchtold, Austro-Hungarian foreign minister (b. 1863)
- December 7 - Orland Steen Loomis, Governor-elect of Wisconsin (b. 1893)
- December 22 - Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
- Physics - not awarded
- Chemistry - not awarded
- Medicine - not awarded
- Literature - not awarded
- Peace - not awarded
- List of ship launches in 1942
- List of ship commissionings in 1942
- List of ship decommissionings in 1942
- List of shipwrecks in 1942
am:1942 እ.ኤ.አ. ar:1942 an:1942 frp:1942 ast:1942 av:1942 az:1942 bn:১৯৪২ be:1942 bpy:মারি ১৯৪২ bs:1942 br:1942 bg:1942 ca:1942 cv:1942 cs:1942 co:1942 cy:1942 da:1942 de:1942 et:1942 el:1942 es:1942 eo:1942 eu:1942 fo:1942 fr:1942 fy:1942 ga:1942 gd:1942 gl:1942 ko:1942년 hy:1942 hr:1942 io:1942 ilo:1942 id:1942 ia:1942 os:1942 is:1942 it:1942 he:1942 jv:1942 ka:1942 csb:1942 kw:1942 sw:1942 ht:1942 (almanak gregoryen) ku:1942 la:1942 lb:1942 lt:1942 lmo:1942 hu:1942 mk:1942 mr:ई.स. १९४२ ms:1942 nah:1942 nl:1942 new:ई सं १९४२ ja:1942年 nap:1942 no:1942 nn:1942 nrm:1942 nov:1942 oc:1942 pam:1942 pl:1942 pt:1942 ty:1942 ksh:Joohr 1942 ro:1942 ru:1942 год se:1942 sq:1942 ru-sib:1942 scn:1942 simple:1942 sk:1942 sl:1942 sr:1942 sh:1942 fi:1942 sv:1942 tl:1942 tt:1942 te:1942 th:พ.ศ. 2485 tr:1942 tk:1942 uk:1942 uz:1942 vec:1942 wa:1942 vls:1942 bat-smg:1942 zh:1942年