From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Ikabod is a funny cartoon strip in the Philippines that ran from the late 1970s to 2002. The main character was Ikabod Bubwit, a young rodent who has a witty political and philosophical views. It was a satirical strip that spoofed the Philippines as a nation called Dagalandia, a nation inhabited by thinking rodents. Created by Filipino cartoonist Nonoy Marcelo, the strip humorously depicted the socio-political woes of ordinary Filipinos, as respresented by the tailless everymouse hero, Ikabod - who became as iconic in his own way as that other popular cartoon rodent, Mickey Mouse. Marcelo often used the strip to caricature political figures from Ferdinand Marcos and Cory Aquino to Joseph Estrada and Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, re-imagining them as mice. The strip was later compiled into book form.
"It is only seven months until the next elections! Advertisements of candidates are shown every commercial breaks and campaign posters and banners fill the streets. Presidential wannabes are also being asked on their stand on events or issues currently faced by the country. When my teacher asked what I want to be when I grow up, I answered that I want to be a President so I can serve my country. What are the qualifications to run for President? -Louise"
It's always good to hear that the youth wants to give their best for the country. To run for the top post, one must be a natural born citizen of the Philippines; a registered voter; able to read and write; at least 40 years of age on the day of election; and a resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years preceding the election. Study hard, be a good citizen and example to your friends, and be a good follower to be a good leader. Good luck on reaching your dreams!
Philippine history is replete with stories of great men who have shown heroism and excelled in various fields of knowledge. Likewise, the country is also endowed with great women who proved to the world that they have made a difference. This fact holds true even during precolonial times.
Women enjoyed relative freedom in precolonial society. They had rights, held property, conducted business, and had a public life. Colonialism stripped Filipino women of their position. They were expected to remain within the home and only concern themselves with housework and raising children. The ideal woman was a "Maria Clara" in the mold of Jose Rizal's tragic heroine from Noli Me Tangere -- meek and self-effacing. But despite this, many women showed the strong will and determination that would allow them to go beyond social constraints and move on equal footing with men.
- October 7, 1628 – Juan Velasquez Madrco presented economic arguments to supress Chinese silk trade in the Philippines and other colonies of Spain. He cited how China refuses to exchange silk with other merchandise, trading it only for cash silver money, and also how silk cannot be invested in merchandise and is not subject to customs duties because it does not come to Spain.
- October 7, 1846 – Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria y Zaldua issued the Anti-Vagrancy Law which allows provincial authorities in the Philippines to round up and question the idlers and to employ them in public works for one month before sending them back to their hometowns.
- October 7, 1986 – A provision in the Constitution allowing President Corazon Aquino and Vice President Salvador Laurel to serve a 6-year term until June 1992 was approved by the Constitutional Commission.
To learn more about Philippine history and literature, visit Filipiniana.net
Arcadio Arellano was a notable architect who was considered a pioneer during his time. He built famous edifices and the residential buildings of the elite. In all his works, he departed from American and European designs and instead incorporated Filipino native plants and motifs. He retired from public service on October 7, 1917.